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Gordon Pask

Дата рождения: 28. Июнь 1928
Дата смерти: 29. Март 1996

Andrew Gordon Speedie Pask was an English author, inventor, educational theorist, cybernetician and psychologist who made significant contributions to cybernetics, instructional psychology, experimental epistemology and educational technology. Pask first learned about cybernetics in the early 1950s when the originator of the subject, Norbert Wiener, spoke at Cambridge University, where Pask was an undergraduate student. Pask was asked to be of assistance during Wiener's talk.Holding three doctorate degrees, Pask published more than 250 journal articles, books, patents and technical reports from funding from United States Armed Forces, the British Ministry of Defence, the British Home Office and the British Road Research Laboratory. He taught at the University of Illinois, Old Dominion University, Concordia University, Open University, University of New Mexico, Architectural Association School of Architecture and MIT.

„[A serialist]… checks the relevance of the information entering his list by forming single predicate hypotheses …. A structure is built up in orderly stages.“

—  Gordon Pask

Источник: Learning Strategies and Individual Competence (1972), p. 273 as cited in: IEEE (1982) International Conference on Man/Machine Systems, 6-9 July 1982. p. 85.

„A computer that issues a rate demand for nil dollars and nil cents (and a notice to appear in court if you do not pay immediately) is not a maverick machine. It is a respectable and badly programmed computer… Mavericks are machines that embody theoretical principles or technical inventions which deviate from the mainstream of computer development, but are nevertheless of value.“

—  Gordon Pask

Источник: Microman: Computers and the Evolution of Consciousness (1982), p. 133 as cited in: Jon Bird and Ezequiel Di Paolo (2008) " Gordon Pask and His Maverick Machines http://www.sussex.ac.uk/Users/ezequiel/Husbands_08_Ch08_185-212.pdf", In: The Mechanical Mind in History, 2008.

„Since human beings are highly adaptable it may be possible for an individual with any sort of competence to learn, in the end, according to any teaching strategy. But the experiments show, very clearly indeed, that the rate, quality and durability of learning is crucially dependent upon whether or not the teaching strategy is of a sort that suits the individual“

—  Gordon Pask

Источник: Learning Strategies and Individual Competence (1972), p. 221 as cited in: Nigel Ford (2000) " Cognitive Styles and Virtual Environments http://docis.info/docis/lib/tian/rclis/dbl/jamsis/(2000)51%253A6%253C543%253ACSAVE%253E/advertising.utexas.edu%252Fvcbg%252Fhome%252FFord00.pdf" in: Journal of the American Society for Information Science. Vol 51, Is. 6, p. 543–557.

„A [learning] style is a disposition to adopt one class of learning strategy.“

—  Gordon Pask

Источник: Learning Strategies, Teaching Strategies, and Conceptual or Learning Style (1988), p. 85.

„Complex human learning is a concept involving communication between the participant in the learning process, who commonly occupy the roles of learner and teacher.“

—  Gordon Pask

Pask (1976) "Conversational techniques in the study and practice of education", In: British Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol 46, p. 24.

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„Development of an organism from a single germ cell into a multicellular entity is a self-organizing system from any point of view and I wish to contend that this self-organizing system is a subsystem of the self-organizing system called 'evolution.“

—  Gordon Pask

Источник: An Approach to Cybernetics (1961), p. 103-104, partly cited in: Darren Tofts, Annemarie Jonson, Alessio Cavallaro (2004) Prefiguring Cyberculture: An Intellectual History.

„Consistency of the person's strategic preference across tests (and subject matters) is curiously high.“

—  Gordon Pask

Источник: Learning Strategies, Teaching Strategies, and Conceptual or Learning Style (1988), p. 85. as cited in: Colin A. Hardy, Michael Mawer (1999) Learning and Teaching in Physical Education. p. 62.

„To summarize the matter, teaching systems ought to be conversational in form and so devised that strategies are matched to individual competence.“

—  Gordon Pask

Pask (1975) The cybernetics of Human Learning and Performance. p. 222 as cited in: Andrew Ravenscroft (2003) "From conditioning to learning communities: implications of fifty years research in E-learning design".

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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