„Taxation without representation is tyranny.“

Attributed as a statement by Otis in court in 1761, but no record of the remark has been found prior to the 16th century
Misattributed

Взято из Wikiquote. Последнее обновление 3 июня 2021 г. История

Похожие цитаты

Gopal Krishna Gokhale фото

„No taxation without representation“

—  Gopal Krishna Gokhale social and political leader during the Indian Independence Movement 1866 - 1915

His refrain and demand during the budget speeches in 1904 as the Indian Representative on the Imperial Legislative Council urging for financial and administrative reforms for India.Page=695
Sources of Indian Tradition

Mike Lee (U.S. politician) фото

„The American people want a balanced budget. They want Congress to stop this barbaric practice of perpetual deficit spending. It really, if you think about it, is a form of taxation without representation. We fought a war over that issue and we won that war.“

—  Mike Lee (U.S. politician) American politician 1971

Tea Party Senator Mike Lee: We Need to Change the Way We Spend Money in Washington http://www.foxnews.com/transcript/2011/04/12/tea-party-senator-mike-lee-we-need-change-way-we-spend-money-washington.html (April 12, 2011)

Naomi Novik фото
Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden фото
Bernhard Riemann фото

„The primitives of a representation are the most elementary units of shape information available in a representation.“

—  David Marr British neuroscientist and psychologist 1945 - 1980

Источник: Representation and recognition of the spatial organization of three-dimensional shapes, 1978, p. 274

Paul Klee фото
Dana Perino фото

„…reports about very innocent people being thrown into detention where they could be held for years without any representation or charges is distressing.“

—  Dana Perino Former White House Press Secretary 1972

Press Briefing, referring to jailing of protesters and Buddhist monks in Myanmar, October 1, 2007 http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2007/10/20071001-2.html

„In England the practice of "virtual" representation provided reasonably well for the actual representation of the major interests of the society, and it raised no widespread objection.“

—  Bernard Bailyn, книга The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution

Источник: The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution (1967), Chapter V, TRANSFORMATION, p. 167.

Herbert A. Simon фото
Eric R. Kandel фото
Alan Moore фото

„The origin of money is something to do with representational thinking.“

—  Alan Moore English writer primarily known for his work in comic books 1953

De Abaitua interview (1998)
Контексте: The origin of money is something to do with representational thinking. Representational thinking is the real leap, where somebody says ‘hey I can draw this shape on the cave wall and it is, in some way, the bison we saw at the meadow. These lines are the bison. That of course lead to language – this squiggle is, of course, a tree, or something. Is the tree. Money is code for the whole of life – you can bind in everything that is contained within life for money, money is a certain amount of sex, a certain amount of shelter, a certain amount of sustenance. … Money is the code for the entire world. Money is the world, the world in the sense I was talking about earlier, our abstract ideas about the world. Money is a perfect symbol for all that, and if you don’t believe in it, and you set a match to it, it’s just firewood – it doesn’t mean anything anymore.

Richard Long фото

„My art is the essence of my experience, not a representation of it.“

—  Richard Long artist 1945

Richard Long (1982), cited in: Description of the exhibition Concentrations IX: Richard Long, March 31–July 8, 1984 at the Dallas Museum of Art http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth224905/m1/1/.
1980s

Albert Einstein фото

„It can scarcely be denied that the supreme goal of all theory is to make the irreducible basic elements as simple and as few as possible without having to surrender the adequate representation of a single datum of experience.“

—  Albert Einstein German-born physicist and founder of the theory of relativity 1879 - 1955

"On the Method of Theoretical Physics" The Herbert Spencer Lecture, delivered at Oxford (10 June 1933); also published in Philosophy of Science, Vol. 1, No. 2 (April 1934), pp. 163-169., p. 165. [thanks to Dr. Techie @ www.wordorigins.org and JSTOR]
There is a quote attributed to Einstein that may have arisen as a paraphrase of the above quote, commonly given as “Everything should be made as simple as possible, but no simpler,” "Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler", or “Make things as simple as possible, but not simpler.” See this article from the Quote Investigator http://quoteinvestigator.com/2011/05/13/einstein-simple/ for a discussion of where these later variants may have arisen.
The original quote is very similar to Occam's razor, which advocates that among all hypotheses compatible with all available observations, the simplest hypothesis is the most plausible one.
The aphorism "everything should be made as simple as possible, but no simpler" is normally taken to be a warning against too much simplicity and emphasizes that one cannot simplify things to a point where the hypothesis is no more compatible with all observations. The aphorism does not contradict or extend Occam's razor, but rather stresses that both elements of the razor, simplicity and compatibility with the observations, are essential.
The earliest known appearance of Einstein's razor is an essay by Roger Sessions in the New York Times (8 January 1950) http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F30615FE3559137A93CAA9178AD85F448585F9, where Sessions appears to be paraphrasing Einstein: “I also remember a remark of Albert Einstein, which certainly applies to music. He said, in effect, that everything should be as simple as it can be, but not simpler.”
Another early appearance, from Time magazine (14 December 1962) http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,872923,00.html: “We try to keep in mind a saying attributed to Einstein—that everything must be made as simple as possible, but not one bit simpler.”
1930s

Kazimir Malevich фото

Связанные темы