„The proper performance of those several duties of the sovereign necessarily supposes a certain expence; and this expence again necessarily requires a certain revenue to support it.“

—  Адам Смит, Context: Every system which endeavours, either, by extraordinary encouragements, to draw towards a particular species of industry a greater share of the capital of the society than what would naturally go to it; or, by extraordinary restraints, to force from a particular species of industry some share of the capital which would otherwise be employed in it; is in reality subversive of the great purpose which it means to promote. It retards, instead of accelerating, the progress of the society towards real wealth and greatness; and diminishes, instead of increasing, the real value of the annual produce of its land and labour. All systems either of preference or of restraint, therefore, being thus completely taken away, the obvious and simple system of natural liberty establishes itself of its own accord. Every man, as long as he does not violate the laws of justice, is left perfectly free to pursue his own interest his own way, and to bring both his industry and capital into competition with those of any other man, or order of men. The sovereign is completely discharged from a duty, in the attempting to perform which he must always be exposed to innumerable delusions, and for the proper performance of which no human wisdom or knowledge could ever be sufficient; the duty of superintending the industry of private people, and of directing it towards the employments most suitable to the interest of the society. According to the system of natural liberty, the sovereign has only three duties to attend to; three duties of great importance, indeed, but plain and intelligible to common understandings: first, the duty of protecting the society from the violence and invasion of other independent societies; secondly, the duty of protecting, as far as possible, every member of the society from the injustice or oppression of every other member of it, or the duty of establishing an exact administration of justice; and, thirdly, the duty of erecting and maintaining certain public works and certain public institutions, which it can never be for the interest of any individual, or small number of individuals, to erect and maintain; because the profit could never repay the expence to any individual, or small number of individuals, though it may frequently do much more than repay it to a great society. The proper performance of those several duties of the sovereign necessarily supposes a certain expence; and this expence again necessarily requires a certain revenue to support it. Chapter IX, p. 749.
Адам Смит фото
Адам Смит15
шотландский экономист, философ-этик 1723 - 1790
Реклама

Похожие цитаты

Richard Arden, 1st Baron Alvanley фото

„When Courts adopt a fiction they must necessarily support it.“

—  Richard Arden, 1st Baron Alvanley British judge and politician 1744 - 1804
Gray v. Sidneff (1803), 3 Bos. & Pull. 399.

Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood фото
Реклама
Henry Wilson фото
Clifford D. Simak фото
Konrad Zuse фото

„The belief in a certain idea gives to the researcher the support for his work. Without this belief he would be lost in a sea of doubts and insufficiently verified proofs.“

—  Konrad Zuse German computer scientist and engineer 1910 - 1995
Attributed in Konrad Zuse http://www.dpma.de/ponline/erfindergalerie/bio_zuse.html on "Die Erfindergalerie", dpma.de, 2008

Massimo Vignelli фото
Реклама
Philip Massinger фото
Robin McKinley фото
Anthony Watts фото
Nikos Kazantzakis фото
Реклама
Sigmund Freud фото
Mitch Albom фото
Stephen King фото
Norman Mailer фото

„Any war that requires the suspension of reason as a necessity for support is a bad war.“

—  Norman Mailer American novelist, journalist, essayist, playwright, film maker, actor and political candidate 1923 - 2007