„language is never neutral“

Последнее обновление 3 июня 2021 г. История

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Mikhail Bakhtin фото
W. H. Auden фото
Theodor W. Adorno фото
Max Horkheimer фото
Roland Barthes фото

„… language is never innocent.“

—  Roland Barthes French philosopher, critic and literary theorist 1915 - 1980

James Fitzjames Stephen фото

„Some people half consciously use the word "true" as meaning useful as well as true. Of course language can never be made absolutely neutral and colourless; but unless its ambiguities are understood, accuracy of thought is impossible, and the injury done is proportionate to the logical force and general vigour of character of those who are misled.“

—  James Fitzjames Stephen Indian judge 1829 - 1894

Источник: Liberty, Equality, Fraternity (1873-1874), Ch. 4
Контексте: Men have an all but incurable propensity to try to prejudge all the great questions which interest them by stamping their prejudices upon their language. Law, in many cases, means not only a command, but a beneficent command. Liberty means not the bare absence of restraint, but the absence of injurious restraint. Justice means not mere impartiality in applying general rules to particular cases, but impartiality in applying beneficent general rules to particular cases. Some people half consciously use the word "true" as meaning useful as well as true. Of course language can never be made absolutely neutral and colourless; but unless its ambiguities are understood, accuracy of thought is impossible, and the injury done is proportionate to the logical force and general vigour of character of those who are misled.

Friedrich Nietzsche фото

„The various languages placed side by side show that with words it is never a question of truth, never a question of adequate expression; otherwise, there would not be so many languages.“

—  Friedrich Nietzsche German philosopher, poet, composer, cultural critic, and classical philologist 1844 - 1900

On Truth and Lie in an Extra-Moral Sense (1873)
Контексте: The various languages placed side by side show that with words it is never a question of truth, never a question of adequate expression; otherwise, there would not be so many languages. The "thing in itself" (which is precisely what the pure truth, apart from any of its consequences, would be) is likewise something quite incomprehensible to the creator of language and something not in the least worth striving for. This creator only designates the relations of things to men, and for expressing these relations he lays hold of the boldest metaphors.' To begin with, a nerve stimulus is transferred into an image: first metaphor. The image, in turn, is imitated in a sound: second metaphor. And each time there is a complete overleaping of one sphere, right into the middle of an entirely new and different one.

Mark Heard фото
Mary McCarthy фото

„You never learn a language unless you use it.“

—  Mary McCarthy, книга Cannibals and Missionaries

Источник: Cannibals and Missionaries (1979), Ch. 11

Anthony Burgess фото
David Crystal фото
Thomas Szasz фото

„In recognizing that words have the power to define and to compel, the semanticists are actually testifying to the philosophic quality of language which is the source of their vexation. In an attempt to get rid of that quality, they are looking for some neutral means which will be a nonconductor of the current called “emotion” and its concomitant evaluation.“

—  Richard M. Weaver American scholar 1910 - 1963

“The Power of the Word,” p. 37.
Language is Sermonic (1970)
Вариант: In recognizing that words have the power to define and to compel, the semanticists are actually testifying to the philosophic quality of language which is the source of their vexation. In an attempt to get rid of that quality, they are looking for some neutral means which will be a nonconductor of the current called “emotion” and its concomitant evaluation.

David Crystal фото
Thomas Mann фото

„Never had he felt the joy of the word more sweetly, never had he known so clearly that Eros dwells in language.“

—  Thomas Mann, книга Death in Venice

Источник: Death in Venice (1912), Ch. 4, as translated by David Luke

Rasmus Lerdorf фото

„I don't know how to stop it, there was never any intent to write a programming language […] I have absolutely no idea how to write a programming language, I just kept adding the next logical step on the way.“

—  Rasmus Lerdorf Danish programmer and creator of PHP 1968

Itconversations.com http://itc.conversationsnetwork.org/shows/detail58.html quoted in www.dasgenie.com http://www.dasgenie.com/scrap/archives/000060.html

William C. Davis фото
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Benoît Minisini фото

„I am using many other languages, but I never forgot that I have learned and done a lot with Basic.“

—  Benoît Minisini French computer programmer 1973

Quoted from the Gambas Website, http://gambas.sourceforge.net/introduction.html http://gambas.sourceforge.net/introduction.html

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