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Алексис Каррель

Дата рождения: 28. Июнь 1873
Дата смерти: 5. Ноябрь 1944

Але́ксис Карре́ль — французский хирург, биолог, патофизиолог и евгенист, лауреат Нобелевской премии по физиологии и медицине в 1912 году . В 1924 и 1927 годах избирался почётным членом АН СССР. Считается неоднозначной личностью из-за его клерикальных убеждений, евгенических идей о неравенстве людей, сотрудничества с нацистами и ультраправой Французской народной партией.

„Деловые люди, не умеющие бороться с беспокойством, умирают молодыми.“

„Даже когда молитва слаба и состоит главным образом из машинального повторения фраз, она оказывает влияние на поведение, ибо она усиливает в человеке чувство священного и нравственное чувство.“ Размышления «О молитве» доктора Алексиса Карреля.

„Man cannot remake himself without suffering, for he is both the marble and the sculptor“

„Prayer is the force as real as terrestrial gravity. As a physician, I have seen men, after all other therapy had failed, lifted out of disease and melancholy by the serene effort of prayer. Only in prayer do we achieve that complete and harmonious assembly of body, mind and spirit which gives the frail human reed its unshakable strength.“

„To progress again, man must remake himself. And he cannot remake himself without suffering. For he is both the marble and the sculptor. In order to uncover his true visage he must shatter his own substance with heavy blows of his hammer.“ Man, The Unknown

„Happiness depends on one being exactly fitted to the nature of one's work.“

„Modern civilization seems to be incapable of producing people endowed with imagination, intelligence, and courage. In practically every country there is a decrease in the intellectual and moral caliber of those who carry the responsibility of public affairs. The financial, industrial, and commercial organizations have reached a gigantic size. They are influenced not only by the conditions of the country where they are established, but also by the state of the neighboring countries and of the entire world. In all nations, economic and social conditions undergo extremely rapid changes. Nearly everywhere the existing form of government is again under discussion. The great democracies find themselves face to face with formidable problems--problems concerning their very existence and demanding an immediate solution. And we realize that, despite the immense hopes which humanity has placed in modern civilization, such a civilization has failed in developing men of sufficient intelligence and audacity to guide it along the dangerous road on which it is stumbling. Human beings have not grown so rapidly as the institutions sprung from their brains. It is chiefly the intellectual and moral deficiencies of the political leaders, and their ignorance, which endanger modern nations.“ L'homme cet inconnu

„All of us, at certain moments of our lives, need to take advice and to receive help from other people.“

„Life leaps like a geyser for those who drill through the rock of inertia.“

„Moral sense is almost completely ignored by modern society. We have, in fact, suppressed its manifestations. All are imbued with irresponsibility. Those who discern good and evil, who are industrious and provident, remain poor and are looked upon as morons. The woman who has several children, who devotes herself to their education, instead of to her own career, is considered weak-minded. If a man saves a little money for his wife and the education of his children, this money is stolen from him by enterprising financiers. Or taken by the government and distributed to those who have been reduced to want by their own improvidence and the shortsightedness of manufacturers, bankers, and economists. Artists and men of science supply the community with beauty, health, and wealth. They live and die in poverty. Robbers enjoy prosperity in peace. Gangsters are protected by politicians and respected by judges. They are the heroes whom children admire at the cinema and imitate in their games. A rich man has every right. He may discard his aging wife, abandon his old mother to penury, rob those who have entrusted their money to him, without losing the consideration of his friends.... Ministers have rationalized religion. They have destroyed its mystical basis. But they do not succeed in attracting modern men. In their half-empty churches they vainly preach a weak morality. They are content with the part of policemen, helping in the interest of the wealthy to preserve the framework of present society. Or, like politicians, they flatter the appetites of the crowd.“ L'Homme, CET Inconnu

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