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Джозеф Стиглиц

Дата рождения: 9. Февраль 1943
Другие имена: Joseph Eugene Stiglitz

Джозеф Юджин Стиглиц — американский экономист-кейнсианец. Лауреат Нобелевской премии по экономике «за анализ рынков с несимметричной информацией». Учился в Амхерст-колледже и Массачусетском технологическом институте, где получил степень доктора. Профессор Колумбийского университета. Иностранный член РАН , член научно-редакционного совета российского журнала «МИР: Модернизация. Инновации. Развитие».

Награждён медалью Дж. Б. Кларка . Лауреат премии Ректенвальда . Председатель Совета экономических консультантов при президенте США . Шеф-экономист Всемирного банка .

Джозеф Стиглиц известен как жёсткий критик неограниченного рынка, монетаризма и неоклассической экономической школы вообще, а также неолиберального понимания глобализации, политики МВФ в отношении развивающихся стран и либеральных реформ в России.


„Европа, источник Просвещения, родина современной науки, находится в кризисе. <...> Введение евро было безрассудно глупой идеей с самого начала. Было полным безумием вводить единую валюту для более чем 20 стран мира, без какого-либо финансового союза и без гарантий, что каждый будет играть по единым правилам. <...> Правда состоит в том, что европейская элита зашла слишком далеко, чтобы признать свое поражение. Г-жа Меркель и г-н Олланд, в частности, нанесли такой ущерб для экономики и народов Южной Европы, что они просто не могут заставить себя признать, что они были неправы, и начать все заново…Они предпочли бы поставить свой собственный политический капитал, и их тщеславные, глупые утопические надежды выше счастья и благополучия португальского лавочника, греческого рыбака, испанского врача и итальянской домохозяйки… И проигравшими не будут политики или чиновники. Проигравшими будут простые европейцы.“ ''Нобелевский лауреат предсказал мрачное будущее ЕС'' «Российская газета» 03.09.2016 год.

„Development is about transforming the lives of people, not just transforming economies.“ Making Globalization Work


„Rather than justice for all, we are evolving into a system of justice for those who can afford it. We have banks that are not only too big to fail, but too big to be held accountable.“

„There are two visions of America a half century from now. One is of a society more divided between the haves and the have-nots, a country in which the rich live in gated communities, send their children to expensive schools, and have access to first-rate medical care. Meanwhile, the rest live in a world marked by insecurity, at best mediocre education, and in effect rationed health care―they hope and pray they don't get seriously sick. At the bottom are millions of young people alienated and without hope. I have seen that picture in many developing countries; economists have given it a name, a dual economy, two societies living side by side, but hardly knowing each other, hardly imagining what life is like for the other. Whether we will fall to the depths of some countries, where the gates grow higher and the societies split farther and farther apart, I do not know. It is, however, the nightmare towards which we are slowly marching.“ The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future

„The only true and sustainable prosperity is shared prosperity.“

„Of all the costs imposed on our society by the top 1 percent, perhaps the greatest is this: the erosion of our sense of identity in which fair play, equality of opportunity, and a sense of community are so important.“ The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future

„To put it baldly, there are two ways to become wealthy: to create wealth or to take wealth away from others. The former adds to society. The latter typically subtracts from it, for in the process of taking it away, wealth gets destroyed. A monopolist who overcharges for his product takes money from those whom he is overcharging and at the same time destroys value. To get his monopoly price, he has to restrict production.“ The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future

„The more divided a society becomes in terms of wealth, the more reluctant the wealthy are to spend money on common needs. The rich don’t need to rely on government for parks or education or medical care or personal security.“ The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future


„The protesters have called into question whether there is a real democracy. Real democracy is more than the right to vote once every two or four years. The choices have to be meaningful. But increasingly, and especially in the US, it seems that the political system is more akin to "one dollar one vote" than to "one person one vote". Rather than correcting the market failures, the political system was reinforcing them.“ The Price of Inequality

„Overborrowing or overlending? Lenders encourage indebtedness because it is profitable. Developing country governments are sometimes even pressured to overborrow... Even without corruption, it is easy to be influenced by Western businessmen and financiers... Countries that aren't sure that borrowing is worth the rist are told how important it is to establis a credit rating: borrow even if you really don't need the money.“ Making Globalization Work

„The budgetary cost to the UK of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan through 2010 will total more than £18 billion. If we include the social costs the total impact will exceed £20 billion.“ The Three Trillion Dollar War: The True Cost Of The Iraq Conflict

„... decisions were often made because of ideology and politics. As a result many wrong-headed actions were taken, ones that did not solve the problem at hand but that fit with the interests or beliefs of the people in power.“ Globalization and Its Discontents


„The facts shouldn’t get in the way of a pleasant fantasy.“ The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future

„The U. S. incarceration rate is the world’s highest and some nine to ten times that of many European countries. Almost 1 in 100 American adults is behind bars.61 Some U. S. states spend as much on their prisons as they do on their universities.“ The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future

„Se necesitan políticas para un crecimiento sostenible, equitativo y democrático. Esta es la razón del desarrollo. El desarrollo no consiste en ayudar a unos pocos individuos a enriquecerse o en crear un puñado de absurdas industrias protegidas que solo benefician a la elite del país; no consiste en traer a Prada y Benetton, Ralph Lauren o Louis Vuitton para los ricos de las ciudades, abandonando a los pobres del campo de su miseria. El que se pudieran comprar bolsos de Gucci en los grandes almacenes de Moscú no significo que el país se había vuelto una economía de mercado. El desarrollo consiste en transformar las sociedades, mejorar las vidas de los pobres, permitir que todos tengan la oportunidad de salir adelante y acceder a la salud y a la educación. Este tipo de desarrollo no tendrá lugar si sólo unos pocos dictan las políticas que deberá seguir un país. Conseguir que se tomen decisiones democráticas quiere decir garantizar que un abanico de economistas, funcionarios y expertos de los países en desarrollo estén activamente involucrados en el debate. También implica una amplia participación que va bastante más allá de los expertos y los políticos. Los países en desarrollo deben tomar las riendas de su propio porvenir. Pero nosotros en occidente no podemos eludir nuestras responsabilidades“

„Americans all benefit from the physical and institutional infrastructure that has developed from the country’s collective efforts over generations.“ The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future

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