Фрэзер, Джеймс Джордж цитаты

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Фрэзер, Джеймс Джордж

Дата рождения: 1. Январь 1854
Дата смерти: 7. Май 1941

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Сэр Дже́ймс Джо́рдж Фрэ́зер — британский религиовед, антрополог, этнолог, культуролог, фольклорист и историк религии, представитель классической английской социальной антропологии, внёсший огромный вклад в изучение тотемизма, магии и трансформации религиозных верований на протяжении истории человечества. Автор 12-томного труда «Золотая ветвь» , систематизировавшего фактический материал по первобытной магии, мифологии, тотемизму, анимизму, табу, религиозным верованиям, фольклору и обычаям разных народов.

В настоящее время теория Фрезера об эволюционной последовательности магии, религии и науки уже не является признанной, а общая психологическая теория Фрезера оказалась неудовлетворительной.

Цитаты Фрэзер, Джеймс Джордж

„A Nootka wizard will make an image of a swimming fish and put it into the water in the direction from which the fish generally appear.“

— James Frazer
Context: The natives of British Columbia live largely upon the fish which abound in their seas and rivers. If the fish do not come in due season, and the Indians are hungry, A Nootka wizard will make an image of a swimming fish and put it into the water in the direction from which the fish generally appear. This ceremony, accompanied by a prayer to the fish to come, will cause them to arrive at once. Chapter 3, Sympathetic Magic.

„The true or golden rules constitute the body of applied science which we call the arts; the false are magic.“

— James Frazer
Context: From the earliest times man has been engaged in a search for general rules whereby to turn the order of natural phenomena to his own advantage, and in the long search he has scraped together a great hoard of such maxims, some of them golden and some of them mere dross. The true or golden rules constitute the body of applied science which we call the arts; the false are magic. Chapter 4, Magic and Religion.

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„They too, like so much that to the common eye seems solid, may melt into air, into thin air.“

— James Frazer
Context: In the ages to come man may be able to predict, perhaps even to control, the wayward courses of the winds and the clouds, but hardly will his puny hands have strength to speed afresh our slackening planet in its orbit or rekindle the dying fire of the sun. Yet the philosopher who trembles at the idea of such distant catastrophes may console himself by reflecting that these gloomy apprehensions, like the earth and the sun themselves, are only parts of that unsubstantial world which thought has conjured up out of the void, and that the phantoms which the subtle enchantress has evoked to-day she may ban to-morrow. They too, like so much that to the common eye seems solid, may melt into air, into thin air. Chapter 69, Farewell to Nemi

„For myth changes while custom remains constant;“

— James Frazer
Context: For myth changes while custom remains constant; men continue to do what their did before them, though the reasons on which their fathers acted have been long forgotten. The history of religion is a long attempt to reconcile old custom with new reason, to find a sound theory for an absurd practice. Chapter 49, Ancient Deities of Vegetation as Animals.

„Small minds cannot grasp great ideas;“

— James Frazer
Context: Small minds cannot grasp great ideas; to their narrow comprehension, their purblind vision, nothing seems really great and important but themselves. Such minds hardly rise into religion at all. Chapter 4, Magic and Religion.

„Thus the killing of a god may sometimes come to be confounded with the execution of a criminal.“

— James Frazer
Context: For when a nation becomes civilized, if it does not drop human sacrifices altogether, it at least selects as victims only such wretches as would be put to death at any rate. Thus the killing of a god may sometimes come to be confounded with the execution of a criminal. Chapter 57, Public Scapegoats

„The heaviest calamity in English history, the breach with America, might never have occurred if George the Third had not been an honest dullard.“

— James Frazer
Context: But once a fool always a fool, and the greater the power in his hands the more disastrous is likely to be the use he makes of it. The heaviest calamity in English history, the breach with America, might never have occurred if George the Third had not been an honest dullard. Chapter 3, Sympathetic Magic.

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