Карл Поланьи цитаты

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Карл Поланьи

Дата рождения: 25. Октябрь 1886
Дата смерти: 23. Апрель 1964

Карл Пауль Поланьи , Карой Поланьи — американский и канадский экономист, антрополог, социолог и политический философ венгерского происхождения, один из основоположников экономической антропологии. Муж Илоны Дучинской.


„Выигрывает тот, кто синхронизирует темп изменений с темпом приспособлений к изменению. Если у вас темп изменений низкий, вы отстаете. Если у вас темп изменений слишком высокий, а темп приспособлений к ним низкий, то у вас происходит революция или иные катаклизмы. «Выстреливает» та страна, которой удалось синхронизировать и примирить темпы изменений и темпы приспособления, а не та, которая быстрее всех бежит.“

„... To allow the market mechanism to be sole director of the fate of human beings and their natural environment, indeed, even of the amount and use of purchasing power, would result in the demolition of society. For the alleged commodity, "labor power" cannot be shoved about, used indiscriminately, or even left unused, without affecting the human individual who happens to be the bearer of this peculiar commodity. In disposing of a man's labor power the system would, incidentally, dispose of the physical, psychological, and moral entity of "man" attached to the tag. Robbed of the protective covering of cultural institutions, human beings would perish from the the effects of social exposure; they would die as the victims of acute social dislocation through vice, perversion, crime, and starvation. Nature would be reduced to its elements, neighborhoods and landscapes defiled, rovers polluted, military safety jeopardized, the power to produce food and raw materials destroyed...“ The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time


„Our thesis is that the idea of a self-adjusting market implied a stark utopia. Such an institution could not exist for any length of time without annihilating the human and natural substance of society; it would have physically destroyed man and transformed his surroundings into a wilderness.“ The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time

„the organization of labor is only another word for the forms of life of the common people, this means that the development of the market system would be accompanied by a change in the organization of society itself. All along the line, human society had become an accessory of the economic system.“ The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time

„the selfish gladly consoled themselves with the thought that though it was merciful at least it was not liberal;“ The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time

„All types of societies are limited by economic factors. Nineteenth century civilization alone was economic in a different and distinctive sense, for it chose to base itself in a motive rarely acknowledged as valid in history of human societies, and certainly never before raised to the level of justification of action and behavior in everyday life, namely, gain. The self-regulating market system was uniquely derived from this principle. The mechanism which the motive gain set in motion was comparable in effectiveness only to the most violent outburst of religious fervor in history. Within a generation the whole human world was subjected to its undiluted influence.“

„In the half-century 1879–1929, Western societies developed into close-knit units, in which powerful disruptive strains were latent. The more immediate source of this development was the impaired self-regulation of market economy. Since society was made to conform to the needs of the market mechanism, imperfections in the functioning of that mechanism created cumulative strains in the body social. Impaired self-regulation was an effect of protectionism.“ The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time

„Poverty was nature surviving in society; that the limitedness of food and the unlimitedness of men had come to an issue just when the promise of boundless increase of wealth burst in upon us made the irony only the more bitter.“ The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time


„Robert Owen’s was a true insight: market economy if left to evolve according to its own laws would create great and permanent evils.“ The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time

„Freedom’s utter frustration in fascism is, indeed, the inevitable result of the liberal philosophy, which claims that power and compulsion are evil, that freedom demands their absence from a human community. No such thing is possible; in a complex society this becomes apparent. This leaves no alternative but either to remain faithful to an illusionary idea of freedom and deny the reality of society, or to accept that reality and reject the idea of freedom. The first is the liberal’s conclusion; the latter the fascist’s.“ The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time

„Yet the victory of fascism was made practically unavoidable by the liberals’ obstruction of any reform involving planning, regulation, or control.“ The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time

„The root of all evil, the liberal insists, was precisely this interference with the freedom of employment, trade and currencies practiced by the various schools of social, national, and monopolistic protectionism since the third quarter of the nineteenth century; but for the unholy alliance of trade unions and labor parties with monopolistic manufacturers and agrarian interests, which in their shortsighted greed joined forces to frustrate economic liberty, the world would be enjoying today the fruits of an almost automatic system of creating material welfare. Liberal leaders never weary of repeating that the tragedy of the nineteenth century sprang from the incapacity of man to remain faithful to the inspiration of the early liberals; that the generous initiative of our ancestors was frustrated by the passions of nationalism and class war, vested interests, and monopolists, and above all, by the blindness of the working people to the ultimate beneficence of unrestricted economic freedom to all human interests, including their own. A great intellectual and moral advance was thus, it is claimed; frustrated by the intellectual and moral weaknesses of the mass of the people; what the spirit of Enlightenment had achieved was put to nought by the forces of selfishness. In a nutshell this is the economic liberal’s defense. Unless it is refuted, he will continue to hold the floor in the contest of arguments.“ The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time


„And yet, Burke might have countered, once the masses were fated by the laws of political economy to toil in misery, what else was the idea of equality but a cruel bait to goad mankind into self-destruction?“ The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time

„The congenital weakness of nineteenth century society was not that it was industrial but that it was a market society. Industrial civilization will continue to exist when the Utopian experiment of a self-regulating market will be no more than a memory.“ The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time

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