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Клод Леви-Стросс

Дата рождения: 28. Ноябрь 1908
Дата смерти: 30. Октябрь 2009

Клод Леви́-Стросс — французский этнолог, социолог, этнограф, философ и культуролог, создатель собственного научного направления в этнологии — структурной антропологии и теории инцеста , исследователь систем родства, мифологии и фольклора.


„Мир начался без человека и закончится без него.“

„Образ не может быть идеей, но может играть роль знака или, точнее, сосуществовать с идеей в знаке.“


„Цивилизация, основанная на принципе и идее повышенного мнения о себе, является гнилой с самого своего рождения.“

„Каждый новый шаг на пути прогресса дает новую надежду и связан с преодолением новых трудностей.“

„Ни одно общество не является совершенным.“

„Фига (figa — порт.) — это, безусловно, символическое изображение совокупления.“ figa (португальский) - кукиш, шиш.

„The scientist is not a person who gives the right answers, he's one who asks the right questions.“

„It is only through difference that progress can be made. What threatens us right now is probably what we may call over-communication--that is, the tendency to know exactly in one point of the world what is going on in all other parts of the world. In order for a culture to be really itself and to produce something, the culture and its members must be convinced of their originality and even, to some extent, of their superiority over the others; it is only under conditions of under-communication that it can produce anything. We are now threatened with the prospect of our being only consumers, able to consume anything from any point in the world and from any culture, but of losing all originality.“


„I am the place in which something has occurred.“

„Our students wanted to know everything: but only the newest theory seemed to them worth bothering with. Knowing nothing of the intellectual achievements of the past, they kept fresh and intact their enthusiasm for 'the latest thing'. Fashion dominated their interest: they valued ideas not for themselves but for the prestige that they could wring from them.“

„Not all poisonous juices are burning or bitter nor is everything which is burning and bitter poisonous.“ Structural Anthropology

„From time to time, too, and for the space of two or three paces, an image or an echo would rise up from the recesses of time: in the little streets of the beaters of silver and gold, for instance, there was a clear, unhurried tinkling, as if a djinn with a thousand arms was absent-mindedly practising on a xylophone.“ Tristes Tropiques


„I hate travelling and explorers. Yet here I am proposing to tell the story of my expeditions.“ Tristes Tropiques

„For mile after mile the same melodic phrase rose up in my memory. I simply couldn’t get free of it. Each time it had a new fascination for me. Initially imprecise in outline, it seemed to become more and more intricately woven, as if to conceal from the listener how eventually it would end. This weaving and re-weaving became so complicated that one wondered how it could possibly be unravelled; and then suddenly one note would resolve the whole problem, and the solution would seem yet more audacious than the procedures which had preceded, called for, and made possible its arrival; when it was heard, all that had gone before took on a new meaning, and the quest, which had seemed arbitrary, was seen to have prepared the way for this undreamed-of solution.“ Tristes Tropiques

„while I complain of being able to glimpse no more than the shadow of the past, I may be insensitive to reality as it is taking shape at this very moment, since I have not reached the stage of development at which I would be capable of perceiving it.“ Tristes Tropiques

„La civilisation occidentale s'est entièrement tournée, depuis deux ou trois siècles, vers la mise à la disposition de l'homme de moyens mécaniques de plus en plus puissants. Si l'on adopte ce critère, on fera de la quantité d'énergie disponible par tête d'habitant l'expression du plus ou moins haut degré de développement des sociétés humaines. La civilisation occidentale, sous sa forme nord-américaine, occupera la place de tête, les sociétés européennes venant ensuite, avec, à la traîne, une masse de sociétés asiatiques et africaines qui deviendront vite indistinctes. Or ces centaines ou même ces milliers de sociétés qu'on appelle "insuffisamment développées" et "primitives", qui se fondent dans un ensemble confus quand on les envisage sous le rapport que nous venons de citer (et qui n'est guère propre à les qualifier, puisque cette ligne de développement leur manque ou occupe chez elles une place très secondaire), elles se placent aux antipodes les unes des autres; selon le point de vue choisi, on aboutirait donc à des classements différents.
Si le critère retenu avait été le degré d'aptitude à triompher des milieux géographiques les plus hostiles, il n'y a guère de doute que les Eskimos d'une part, les Bédouins de l'autre, emporteraient la palme. (p.36)“
Race et histoire

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