Миямото Мусаси цитаты

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Миямото Мусаси

Дата рождения: 19. Май 1585
Дата смерти: 13. Июнь 1645

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Миямото Мусаси , также известен как Симмэн Такэдзо, Миямото Бэнносукэ, Симмэн Мусаси-но-Ками Фудзивара-но-Гэнсин, или под своим буддийским именем Нитэн Дораку — японский ронин, считается одним из самых известных фехтовальщиков в истории Японии. Современники дали ему прозвище Кэнсэй . Мусаси стал знаменит благодаря выдающейся технике владения мечом, которую он с раннего детства оттачивал во множестве поединков, используя деревянный меч. Является основоположником школы Хёхо Нитэн Ити-рю или самурайского искусства боя на двух мечах нито-рю . Школа «Земли и Неба». Ввёл понятие боккэна как вполне реального боевого оружия, а не тренировочного. Успешно использовал технику боя двумя мечами, длинным — катаной и коротким — вакидзаси. Также за два года до смерти, удалившись в пещеру на горе Кимпо неподалеку от города Кумамото, он написал «Книгу пяти колец» о тактике, стратегии и философии военного ремесла, которая пользуется определённой популярностью и в настоящее время.

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Цитаты Миямото Мусаси

„Whenever you cross swords with an enemy you must not think of cutting him either strongly or weakly; just think of cutting and killing him.“

—  Miyamoto Musashi
Context: Whenever you cross swords with an enemy you must not think of cutting him either strongly or weakly; just think of cutting and killing him. Be intent solely on killing the enemy. Do not try to cut strongly and, of course, do not think of cutting weakly. You should only be concerned with killing the enemy.

„When your spirit is not in the least clouded, when the clouds of bewilderment clear away, there is the true void.“

—  Miyamoto Musashi
Context: To attain the Way of strategy as a warrior you must study fully other martial arts and not deviate even a little from the Way of the warrior. With your spirit settled, accumulate practice day by day, and hour by hour. Polish the twofold spirit heart and mind, and sharpen the twofold gaze perception and sight. When your spirit is not in the least clouded, when the clouds of bewilderment clear away, there is the true void.

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„In my doctrine, I dislike preconceived, narrow spirit. You must study this well.“

—  Miyamoto Musashi
Context: Your strategy is of no account if when called on to fight in a confined space your heart is inclined to the long sword, or if you are in a house armed only with your companion sword. Besides, some men have not the strength of others. In my doctrine, I dislike preconceived, narrow spirit. You must study this well.

„Strategy is the craft of the warrior.“

—  Miyamoto Musashi
Context: Strategy is the craft of the warrior. Commanders must enact the craft, and troopers should know this Way. There is no warrior in the world today who really understands the Way of strategy. There are various Ways. There is the Way of salvation by the law of Buddha, the Way of Confucius governing the Way of learning, the Way of healing as a doctor, as a poet teaching the Way of Waka, tea, archery, and many arts and skills. Each man practices as he feels inclined.

„What is called the spirit of the void is where there is nothing. It is not included in man's knowledge.“

—  Miyamoto Musashi
Context: What is called the spirit of the void is where there is nothing. It is not included in man's knowledge. Of course the void is nothingness. By knowing things that exist, you can know that which does not exist. That is the void.

„You can win with certainty with the spirit of "one cut".“

—  Miyamoto Musashi
Context: You can win with certainty with the spirit of "one cut". It is difficult to attain this if you do not learn strategy well. If you train well in this Way, strategy will come from your heart and you will be able to win at will. You must train diligently.

„If you do not look at things on a large scale it will be difficult for you to master strategy.“

—  Miyamoto Musashi
Context: If you do not look at things on a large scale it will be difficult for you to master strategy. If you learn and attain this strategy you will never lose even to twenty or thirty enemies. More than anything to start with you must set your heart on strategy and earnestly stick to the Way. You will come to be able to actually beat men in fights, and to be able to win with your eye. Also by training you will be able to freely control your own body, conquer men with your body, and with sufficient training you will be able to beat ten men with your spirit.

„This is an important fighting method for one man against many.“

—  Miyamoto Musashi
Context: In battles, when the armies are in confrontation, attack the enemy's strong points and, when you see that they are beaten back, quickly separate and attack yet another strong point on the periphery of his force. The spirit of this is like a winding mountain path. This is an important fighting method for one man against many. Strike down the enemies in one quarter, or drive them back, then grasp the timing and attack further strong points to right and left, as if on a winding mountain path, weighing up the enemies' disposition. When you know the enemies' level, attack strongly with no trace of retreating spirit.

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„Without the correct principle the fight cannot be won.
The spirit of my school is to win through the wisdom of strategy, paying no attention to trifles. Study this well.“

—  Miyamoto Musashi
Context: If you rely on strength, when you hit the enemy's sword you will inevitably hit too hard. If you do this, your own sword will be carried along as a result. Thus the saying, "The strongest hand wins", has no meaning. In large-scale strategy, if you have a strong army and are relying on strength to win, but the enemy also has a strong army, the battle will be fierce. This is the same for both sides. Without the correct principle the fight cannot be won. The spirit of my school is to win through the wisdom of strategy, paying no attention to trifles. Study this well.

„There are various kinds of spirit involved in letting go the hilt.
There is the spirit of winning without a sword. There is also the spirit of holding the long sword but not winning. The various methods cannot be expressed in writing.“

—  Miyamoto Musashi
Context: There are various kinds of spirit involved in letting go the hilt. There is the spirit of winning without a sword. There is also the spirit of holding the long sword but not winning. The various methods cannot be expressed in writing. You must train well.

„Speed is not part of the true Way of strategy.“

—  Miyamoto Musashi
Context: Speed is not part of the true Way of strategy. Speed implies that things seem fast or slow, according to whether or not they are in rhythm. Whatever the Way, the master of strategy does not appear fast.

„Enact strategy broadly, correctly and openly.
Then you will come to think of things in a wide sense and, taking the void as the Way, you will see the Way as void.
In the void is virtue, and no evil.“

—  Miyamoto Musashi
Context: Until you realise the true Way, whether in Buddhism or in common sense, you may think that things are correct and in order. However, if we look at things objectively, from the viewpoint of laws of the world, we see various doctrines departing from the true Way. Know well this spirit, and with forthrightness as the foundation and the true spirit as the Way. Enact strategy broadly, correctly and openly. Then you will come to think of things in a wide sense and, taking the void as the Way, you will see the Way as void. In the void is virtue, and no evil. Wisdom has existence, principle has existence, the Way has existence, spirit is nothingness.

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„When I reached thirty I looked back on my past.“

—  Miyamoto Musashi
Context: When I reached thirty I looked back on my past. The previous victories were not due to my having mastered strategy. Perhaps it was natural ability, or the order of heaven, or that other schools' strategy was inferior. After that I studied morning and evening searching for the principle, and came to realise the Way of strategy when I was fifty. Since then I have lived without following any particular Way. Thus with the virtue of strategy I practise many arts and abilities — all things with no teacher. To write this book I did not use the law of Buddha or the teachings of Confucius, neither old war chronicles nor books on martial tactics. I take up my brush to explain the true spirit of this Ichi school as it is mirrored in the Way of heaven and Kwannon. The time is the night of the tenth day of the tenth month, at the hour of the tiger.

„With water as the basis, the spirit becomes like water. Water adopts the shape of its receptacle, it is sometimes a trickle and sometimes a wild sea.“

—  Miyamoto Musashi
Context: Second is the Water book. With water as the basis, the spirit becomes like water. Water adopts the shape of its receptacle, it is sometimes a trickle and sometimes a wild sea. … If you master the principles of sword-fencing, when you freely beat one man, you beat any man in the world. The spirit of defeating a man is the same for ten million men. … The principle of strategy is having one thing, to know ten thousand things.

„To attain the Way of strategy as a warrior you must study fully other martial arts and not deviate even a little from the Way of the warrior.“

—  Miyamoto Musashi
Context: To attain the Way of strategy as a warrior you must study fully other martial arts and not deviate even a little from the Way of the warrior. With your spirit settled, accumulate practice day by day, and hour by hour. Polish the twofold spirit heart and mind, and sharpen the twofold gaze perception and sight. When your spirit is not in the least clouded, when the clouds of bewilderment clear away, there is the true void.

„There is no fast way of wielding the long sword.“

—  Miyamoto Musashi
Context: There is no fast way of wielding the long sword. The long sword should be wielded broadly, and the companion sword closely. This is the first thing to realise. According to this Ichi school, you can win with a long weapon, and yet you can also win with a short weapon. In short, the Way of the Ichi school is the spirit of winning, whatever the weapon and whatever its size.

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