Михай Чиксентмихайи цитаты

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Михай Чиксентмихайи

Дата рождения: 29. Сентябрь 1934

Ми́хай Чи́ксентмихайи — американский психолог венгерского происхождения, профессор психологии, бывший декан факультета Чикагского университета, известный по своим исследованиям тем счастья, креативности, субъективного благополучия, однако более всего известен благодаря своей идее «потока» — потокового состояния, изучаемого им в течение нескольких десятилетий. Чиксентмихайи — автор нескольких бестселлеров и более чем 120 статей для журналов и книг, многие из которых переведены на разные языки мира, в том числе на русский. Его считают одним из наиболее широко цитируемых психологов современности в нескольких областях, относящихся к психологии и бизнесу.


„Когда человек занимается самоанализом, не имея при этом необходимых профессиональных знаний, первыми в его голову приходят депрессивные мысли.“

„Опыт происходит во времени, поэтому время – наш самый главный ресурс.“


„If you are interested in something, you will focus on it, and if you focus attention on anything, it is likely that you will become interested in it. Many of the things we find interesting are not so by nature, but because we took the trouble of paying attention to them.“ Finding Flow: The Psychology of Engagement with Everyday Life

„Control of consciousness determines the quality of life.“ Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience

„To overcome the anxieties and depressions of contemporary life, individuals must become independent of the social environment to the degree that they no longer respond exclusively in terms of its rewards and punishments. To achieve such autonomy, a person has to learn to provide rewards to herself. She has to develop the ability to find enjoyment and purpose regardless of external circumstances.“ Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience

„A joyful life is an individual creation that cannot be copied from a recipe.“

„Most enjoyable activities are not natural; they demand an effort that initially one is reluctant to make. But once the interaction starts to provide feedback to the person's skills, it usually begins to be intrinsically rewarding.“ Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience

„If one has failed to develop curiosity and interest in the early years, it is a good idea to acquire them now, before it is too late to improve the quality of life.
To do so is fairly easy in principle, but more difficult in practice. Yet it is sure worth trying. The first step is to develop the habit of doing whatever needs to be done with concentrated attention, with skill rather than inertia. Even the most routine tasks, like washing dishes, dressing, or mowing the lawn become more rewarding if we approach them with the care it would take to make a work of art. The next step is to transfer some psychic energy each day from tasks that we don’t like doing, or from passive leisure, into something we never did before, or something we enjoy doing but don’t do often enough because it seems too much trouble. There are literally millions of potentially interesting things in the world to see, to do, to learn about. But they don’t become actually interesting until we devote attention to them.“
Finding Flow: The Psychology of Engagement with Everyday Life


„Enjoyment appears at the boundary between boredom and anxiety, when the challenges are just balanced with the person's capacity to act.“

„Contrary to what we usually believe, moments like these, the best moments in our lives, are not the passive, receptive, relaxing times—although such experiences can also be enjoyable, if we have worked hard to attain them. The best moments usually occur when a person’s body or mind is stretched to its limits in a voluntary effort to accomplish something difficult and worthwhile. Optimal experience is thus something that we
make happen. For a child, it could be placing with trembling fingers the last blockon a tower she has built, higher than any she has built so far; for a swimmer, it could be trying to beat his own record; for a violinist, mastering an intricate musical passage. For each person there are thousands of opportunities, challenges to expand ourselves.“
Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience

„... It is when we act freely, for the sake of the action itself rather than for ulterior motives, that we learn to become more than what we were.“ Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience

„The task is to learn how to enjoy everyday life without diminishing other people's chances to enjoy theirs.“


„It is by being fully involved with every detail of our lives, whether good or bad, that we find happiness, not by trying to look for it directly.“

„the self expands through acts of self forgetfulness.“

„Few things are sadder than encountering a person who knows exactly what he should do, yet cannot muster enough energy to do it. "He who desires but acts not," wrote Blake with his accustomed vigor, "Breeds pestilence.“ Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience

„Of all the virtues we can learn no trait is more useful, more essential for survival, and more likely to improve the quality of life than the ability to transform adversity into an enjoyable challenge.“ Flow: The Psychology of Happiness

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