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Морис Мерло-Понти

Дата рождения: 14. Март 1908
Дата смерти: 3. Май 1961

Мори́с Мерло́-Понти́ — французский философ, один из представителей феноменологии и приверженец экзистенциализма.


„Любовь, обращающая нас в раба по отношению к «другому», может быть принята исключительно как дело свободное и добровольное.“

„Что-то чудовищное, животное заставляет человека бояться самого себя, отягчает его удовольствие, делает его несчастным!“


„The body is our general medium for having a world.“ Phenomenology of Perception

„The world is... the natural setting of, and field for, all my thoughts and all my explicit perceptions. Truth does not inhabit only the inner man, or more accurately, there is no inner man, man is in the world, and only in the world does he know himself.“

„We know not through our intellect but through our experience.“

„Humanity is not an aggregate of individuals, a community of thinkers, each of whom is guaranteed from the outset to be able to reach agreement with the others because all participate in the same thinking essence. Nor, of course, is it a single Being in which the multiplicity of individuals are dissolved and into which these individuals are destined to be reabsorbed. As a matter of principle, humanity is precarious: each person can only believe what he recognizes to be true internally and, at the same time, nobody thinks or makes up his mind without already being caught up in certain relationships with others, which leads him to opt for a particular set of opinions. Everyone is alone and yet nobody can do without other people, not just because they are useful (which is not in dispute here) but also when it comes to happiness.“ The World of Perception

„The perception of other people and the intersubjective world is problematic only for adults. The child lives in a world which he unhesitatingly believes accessible to all around him. He has no awares of himself or of others as private subjectives, nor does he suspect that all of us, himself included, are limited to one certain point of view of the world. That is why he subjects neither his thoughts, in which he believes as they present themselves, to any sort of criticism. He has no knowledge of points of view. For him men are empty heads turned towards one single, self-evident world where everything takes place, even dreams, which are, he thinks, in his room, and even thinking, since it is not distinct from words.“ Phenomenology of Perception

„Our view of man will remain superficial so long as we fail to go back to that origin [of silence], so long as we fail to find, beneath the chatter of words, the primordial silence, and as long as we do not describe the action which breaks this silence. the spoken word is a gesture, and its meaning, a world.“ Phenomenology of Perception


„We must therefore rediscover, after the natural world, the social world, not as an object or sum of objects, but as a permanent field or dimension of existence.“ Phenomenology of Perception

„Language transcends us and yet we speak.“ Phenomenology of Perception

„Because we are in the world, we are condemned to meaning, and we cannot do or say anything without its acquiring a name in history.“ Phenomenology of Perception

„Science manipulates things and gives up living in them. It makes its own limited models of things; operating upon these indices or variables to effect whatever transformations are permitted by their definition, it comes face to face with the real world only at rare intervals. Science is and always will be that admirably active, ingenious, and bold way of thinking whose fundamental bias is to treat everything as though it were an object-in-general - as though it meant nothing to us and yet was predestined for our own use.“ L'Œil et l'Esprit


„Visible and mobile, my body is a thing among things; it's caught in the fabric of the world, and its cohesion is that of a thing. But, because it moves itself and sees, it holds things in a circle around itself.“

„Nothing determines me from outside, not because nothing acts upon me, but, on the contrary, because I am from the start outside myself and open to the world.“ Phenomenology of Perception

„All thought of something is at the same time self-consciousness [... ] At the root of all our experiences and all our reflections, we find [... ] a being which immediately recognises itself, [... ] and which knows its own existence, not by observation and as a given fact, nor by inference from any idea of itself, but through direct contact with that existence. Self-consciousness is the very being of mind in action.“ Phenomenology of Perception

„The flesh is at the heart of the world.“ The Visible and the Invisible

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