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Отто Кернберг

Дата рождения: 10. Сентябрь 1928

О́тто Фри́дманн Ке́рнберг — один из крупнейших и наиболее известных современных психоаналитиков.


„Мазохизм – это способность растворять ненависть в любви.“

„incapacity to commit oneself to any value system beyond one supplying self-serving needs usually indicates severe narcissistic pathology. The“ Psychoanalytic Education at the Crossroads: Reformation, change and the future of psychoanalytic training


„psychoanalytic institute as a university college, as an institution for the transmission, exploration, and generation of knowledge, including“ Psychoanalytic Education at the Crossroads: Reformation, change and the future of psychoanalytic training

„paranoid atmosphere that often pervades psychoanalytic institutes and its devastating effect on the “quality of life” in psychoanalytic education. Members“ Psychoanalytic Education at the Crossroads: Reformation, change and the future of psychoanalytic training

„The narcissistic lesions absorbed by senior training analysts through the phenomenon of “unhooked telephones” may increase their countertransference reactions to their own candidates and the displacement of these reactions onto other training analysts and candidates, thereby increasing their paranoid reactions toward the institution.“ Psychoanalytic Education at the Crossroads: Reformation, change and the future of psychoanalytic training

„major threat to the psychoanalyst’s creativity in working with his patient is the patient’s relentless, aggressive attack on the analyst’s work with him. Attacks of this sort produce narcissistic lesions in the psychoanalyst. It is much easier for the analyst to tolerate aggression against any other aspects of his personality or behavior. The training analyst unable to tolerate the narcissistic candidate-analysand’s aggression may foster an unconscious collusion with the analysand, so that the latter’s aggression, particularly the destructive implications of unconscious envy, will not be explored. The“ Psychoanalytic Education at the Crossroads: Reformation, change and the future of psychoanalytic training

„training analysts that utilizes the exacerbation of idealization processes inherent in psychoanalytic training to consolidate its power and the related narcissistic gratification by exercising control over a small social organization.“ Psychoanalytic Education at the Crossroads: Reformation, change and the future of psychoanalytic training

„psychoanalytic institutes as monasteries or religious retreats and psychoanalysis as a system of religious beliefs. Whereas“ Psychoanalytic Education at the Crossroads: Reformation, change and the future of psychoanalytic training


„The narcissistic gratifications involved in psychoanalytic training, such as professional advancement, the unconscious misuse of the therapeutic relationship as an expression of power, basking in patients’ idealizations, and the facilitation of vicarious living through patients may unfortunately remain unrecognized for many years. The“ Psychoanalytic Education at the Crossroads: Reformation, change and the future of psychoanalytic training

„unavoidable repetition of “family life” (with intergenerational conflicts, sibling rivalry, “primal scene” material, etc.)“ Psychoanalytic Education at the Crossroads: Reformation, change and the future of psychoanalytic training

„The financial security of older training analysts in power and the distraction from the ordinary uncertainties of aging may play an important role here.“ Psychoanalytic Education at the Crossroads: Reformation, change and the future of psychoanalytic training

„The termination phase of psychoanalysis Working-through of mourning, typical of the termination phase of psychoanalysis, brings forth the working through of the candidate-analysand’s relation to his analyst, and, by extension, to psychoanalysis itself. In my“ Psychoanalytic Education at the Crossroads: Reformation, change and the future of psychoanalytic training


„second model, that of a technical or trade school, would conceive the primary task of psychoanalytic education to be the learning of a clearly defined skill or trade, with no emphasis on artistic creativity. Teachers“ Psychoanalytic Education at the Crossroads: Reformation, change and the future of psychoanalytic training

„Habermas (1971–1973) described ideology as motivated false consciousness of social classes. He outlined the potential resolution of this false consciousness by means of a “critical theory” that would provide self-reflective enlightenment together with social emancipation. Ideology, within this conception, and also related ones of Marxist writers, implies, according to Althusser (1976), an unconsciously determined system of illusory representations of reality. This system, said Althusser, derived from the internalization of the dominant illusion a social class harbored about the conditions of its own existence, is achieved by means of the internalization of the “Paternal law” as part of the internalization of the oedipal superego. Habermas drew a parallel between the philosophical analysis of ideologies by means of critical theory, on the one hand, and the psychoanalytic situation, on the other. In psychoanalytic treatment, the patient also starts out with a “false consciousness,” and is helped by the analyst to gain enlightenment by means of self-reflection, an enlightenment geared to emancipation of the patient. If psychoanalysis frees the individual from an ideology as a false consciousness, one effect of psychoanalysis would be to eliminate the proneness to embrace ideologies. But Marxist thinkers, as Kolakowski (1978) points out, are caught in the dilemma that Marxism itself represents an ideology (notwithstanding the traditional Marxist efforts to solve the paradox by declaring Marxism to be a science rather than an ideology).“ Psychoanalytic Education at the Crossroads: Reformation, change and the future of psychoanalytic training

„short, I am suggesting that the superego aspects of a psychoanalytic identity are reflected not only in moral integrity (in a moral as opposed to a moralistic stance vis-a-vis the patient) but also in resilience to the corruptive or regressive pressures operating upon the superego within the social and cultural system. I now turn“ Psychoanalytic Education at the Crossroads: Reformation, change and the future of psychoanalytic training

„diminished creative thinking and“ Psychoanalytic Education at the Crossroads: Reformation, change and the future of psychoanalytic training

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