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Пирсиг, Роберт

Дата рождения: 6. Сентябрь 1928
Дата смерти: 24. Апрель 2017
Другие имена: رابرت پیرسیق

Роберт Мейнард Пирсиг — американский писатель и философ, известный главным образом как автор книги «Дзэн и искусство ухода за мотоциклом» , более чем 4 миллиона экземпляров которой было продано по всему миру.

Цитаты Пирсиг, Роберт

„That's all the motorcycle is, a system of concepts worked out in steel. There's no part in it, no shape in it, that is not out of someone's mind“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Источник: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974), Ch. 8

„The place to improve the world is first in one's own heart and head and hands, and then work outward from there.“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Источник: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974), Ch. 25
Источник: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance: An Inquiry Into Values
Контексте: I think that if we are going to reform the world, and make it a better place to live in, the way to do it is not with talk about relationships of a political nature, which are inevitably dualistic, full of subjects and objects and their relationship to one another; or with programs full of things for other people to do. I think that kind of approach starts it at the end and presumes the end is the beginning. Programs of a political nature are important end products of social quality that can be effective only if the underlying structure of social values is right. The social values are right only if the individual values are right. The place to improve the world is first in one's own heart and head and hands, and then work outward from there. Other people can talk about how to expand the destiny of mankind. I just want to talk about how to fix a motorcycle. <!-- p. 304

„When one person suffers from a delusion it is called insanity. When many people suffer from a delusion it is called Religion.“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

This is attributed to Pirsig by Richard Dawkins in the Preface to The God Delusion (2006), p. 28, but cannot be found prior to that. It is obviously a paraphrase of the following from Pirsig's Lila - An Inquiry Into Morals (1991): „An insane delusion can't be held by a group at all. A person isn't considered insane if there are a number of people who believe the same way. Insanity isn't supposed to be a communicable disease. If one other person starts to believe him, or maybe two or three, then it's a religion." ( books.google http://books.google.de/books?id=51i6WkGn6qYC&q=%22An+insane+delusion%22; books.google http://books.google.de/books?id=WZtRAQAAQBAJ&pg=PA426)
Disputed
Источник: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance: An Inquiry Into Values

„The truth knocks on the door and you say, "Go away, I'm looking for the truth," and so it goes away. Puzzling.“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Источник: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974), Ch. 1
Источник: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance: An Inquiry Into Values

„What follows is based on actual occurrences. Although much has been changed for rhetorical purposes, it must be regarded in its essence as fact.“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Introduction
Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974)
Контексте: What follows is based on actual occurrences. Although much has been changed for rhetorical purposes, it must be regarded in its essence as fact. However, it should in no way be associated with that great body of factual information relating to orthodox Zen Buddhist practice. It's not very factual on motorcycles, either.

„You see things vacationing on a motorcycle in a way that is completely different from any other.“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Источник: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974), Ch. 1
Контексте: You see things vacationing on a motorcycle in a way that is completely different from any other. In a car you're always in a compartment, and because you're used to it you don't realize that through that car window everything you see is just more TV. You're a passive observer and it is all moving by you boringly in a frame.

„They are just ghosts, immortal gods of the modern mythos which appear to us to be real because we are in that mythos. But in reality they are just as much an artistic creation as the anthropomorphic Gods they replaced.“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Источник: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974), Ch. 29
Контексте: What is essential to understand at this point is that until now there was no such thing as mind and matter, subject and object, form and substance. Those divisions are just dialectical inventions that came later. The modern mind sometimes tends to balk at the thought of these dichotomies being inventions and says, "Well, the divisions were there for the Greeks to discover," and you have to say, "Where were they? Point to them!" And the modern mind gets a little confused and wonders what this is all about anyway, and still believes the divisions were there.
But they weren't, as Phædrus said. They are just ghosts, immortal gods of the modern mythos which appear to us to be real because we are in that mythos. But in reality they are just as much an artistic creation as the anthropomorphic Gods they replaced.

„Degeneracy can be fun but it's hard to keep up as a serious lifetime occupation.“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974), Afterword (1984)
Контексте: The hippies had in mind something that they wanted, and were calling it "freedom," but in the final analysis "freedom" is a purely negative goal. It just says something is bad. Hippies weren't really offering any alternatives other than colorful short-term ones, and some of these were looking more and more like pure degeneracy. Degeneracy can be fun but it's hard to keep up as a serious lifetime occupation.

„A culture-bearing book, like a mule, bears the culture on its back. No one should sit down to write one deliberately. Culture-bearing books occur almost accidentally, like a sudden change in the stock market.“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974), Afterword (1984)
Контексте: A culture-bearing book, like a mule, bears the culture on its back. No one should sit down to write one deliberately. Culture-bearing books occur almost accidentally, like a sudden change in the stock market. There are books of high quality that are an part of the culture, but that is not the same. They are a part of it. They aren't carrying it anywhere. They may talk about insanity sympathetically, for example, because that's the standard cultural attitude. But they don't carry any suggestion that insanity might be something other than sickness or degeneracy.

„No one sees it yet, but they will soon enough.“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Источник: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974), Ch. 30
Контексте: No one sees it yet, but they will soon enough. The Chairman of the Committee on Analysis of Ideas and Study of Methods has just been shot down in his own classroom.
Now he is speechless. He can't think of a word to say. The silence which so built his image at the beginning of the class is now destroying it. He doesn't understand from where the shot has come. He has never confronted a living Sophist. Only dead ones.

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„When you look directly at an insane man all you see is a reflection of your own knowledge that he's insane, which is not to see him at all.“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Источник: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974), Ch. 7
Контексте: When you look directly at an insane man all you see is a reflection of your own knowledge that he's insane, which is not to see him at all. To see him you must see what he saw and when you are trying to see the vision of an insane man, an oblique route is the only way to come at it.

„Everything is an analogy. But the dialecticians don't know that.“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Источник: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974), Ch. 30
Контексте: Fantastic, Phædrus thinks, that he should have remembered that. It just demolishes the whole dialectical position. That may just be the whole show right there. Of course it's an analogy. Everything is an analogy. But the dialecticians don't know that.

„I've noticed that people who have never worked with steel have trouble seeing this—that the motorcycle is primarily a mental phenomenon.“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Источник: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974), Ch. 8
Контексте: I've noticed that people who have never worked with steel have trouble seeing this—that the motorcycle is primarily a mental phenomenon. They associate metal with given shapes—pipes, rods, girders, tools, parts—all of them fixed and inviolable, and think of it as primarily physical. But a person who does machining or foundry work or forge work or welding sees "steel" as having no shape at all. Steel can be any shape you want if you are skilled enough, and any shape but the one you want if you are not.

„Any philosophic explanation of Quality is going to be both false and true precisely because it is a philosophic explanation.“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Источник: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974), Ch. 20
Контексте: Any philosophic explanation of Quality is going to be both false and true precisely because it is a philosophic explanation. The process of philosophic explanation is an analytic process, a process of breaking something down into subjects and predicates. What I mean (and everybody else means) by the word ‘quality’ cannot be broken down into subjects and predicates. This is not because Quality is so mysterious but because Quality is so simple, immediate and direct.

„Socrates is not just expounding noble ideas in a vacuum. He is in the middle of a war between those who think truth is absolute and those who think truth is relative. He is fighting that war with everything he has.“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Источник: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974), Ch. 29
Контексте: Socrates is not just expounding noble ideas in a vacuum. He is in the middle of a war between those who think truth is absolute and those who think truth is relative. He is fighting that war with everything he has. The Sophists are the enemy.
Now Plato's hatred of the Sophists makes sense. He and Socrates are defending the Immortal Principle of the Cosmologists against what they consider to be the decadence of the Sophists. Truth. Knowledge. That which is independent of what anyone thinks about it. The ideal that Socrates died for. The ideal that Greece alone possesses for the first time in the history of the world. It is still a very fragile thing. It can disappear completely. Plato abhors and damns the Sophists without restraint, not because they are low and immoral people—there are obviously much lower and more immoral people in Greece he completely ignores. He damns them because they threaten mankind's first beginning grasp of the idea of truth. That's what it is all about.

„There are political reactionaries who've been saying something close to this for years. I'm not one of them, but to the extent they're talking about real individual worth and not just an excuse for giving more money to the rich, they're right. We do need a return to individual integrity, self-reliance and old-fashioned gumption. We really do.“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Источник: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974), Ch. 29
Контексте: My personal feeling is that this is how any further improvement of the world will be done: by individuals making Quality decisions and that's all. God, I don't want to have any more enthusiasm for big programs full of social planning for big masses of people that leave individual Quality out. These can be left alone for a while. There's a place for them but they've got to be built on a foundation of Quality within the individuals involved. We've had that individual Quality in the past, exploited it as a natural resource without knowing it, and now it's just about depleted. Everyone's just about out of gumption. And I think it's about time to return to the rebuilding of this American resource—individual worth. There are political reactionaries who've been saying something close to this for years. I'm not one of them, but to the extent they're talking about real individual worth and not just an excuse for giving more money to the rich, they're right. We do need a return to individual integrity, self-reliance and old-fashioned gumption. We really do.

„I think that if we are going to reform the world, and make it a better place to live in, the way to do it is not with talk about relationships of a political nature, which are inevitably dualistic, full of subjects and objects and their relationship to one another; or with programs full of things for other people to do.“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Источник: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974), Ch. 25
Контексте: I think that if we are going to reform the world, and make it a better place to live in, the way to do it is not with talk about relationships of a political nature, which are inevitably dualistic, full of subjects and objects and their relationship to one another; or with programs full of things for other people to do. I think that kind of approach starts it at the end and presumes the end is the beginning. Programs of a political nature are important end products of social quality that can be effective only if the underlying structure of social values is right. The social values are right only if the individual values are right. The place to improve the world is first in one's own heart and head and hands, and then work outward from there. Other people can talk about how to expand the destiny of mankind. I just want to talk about how to fix a motorcycle. <!-- p. 304

„I hope it's been made plain that the real evil isn't the objects of technology but the tendency of technology to isolate people into lonely attitudes of objectivity. It's the objectivity, the dualistic way of looking at things underlying technology, that produces the evil.“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Источник: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974), Ch. 29
Контексте: Technology is blamed for a lot of this loneliness, since the loneliness is certainly associated with the newer technological devices—TV, jets, freeways and so on—but I hope it's been made plain that the real evil isn't the objects of technology but the tendency of technology to isolate people into lonely attitudes of objectivity. It's the objectivity, the dualistic way of looking at things underlying technology, that produces the evil. That's why I went to so much trouble to show how technology could be used to destroy the evil. A person who knows how to fix motorcycles—with Quality—is less likely to run short of friends than one who doesn't. And they aren't going to see him as some kind of object either. Quality destroys objectivity every time.

„Since the One is the source of all things and includes all things in it, it cannot be defined in terms of those things, since no matter what thing you use to define it, the thing will always describe something less than the One itself. The One can only be described allegorically, through the use of analogy, of figures of imagination and speech.“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Источник: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974), Ch. 30
Контексте: It is an immortal dialogue, strange and puzzling at first, but then hitting you harder and harder, like truth itself. What Phædrus has been talking about as Quality, Socrates appears to have described as the soul, self-moving, the source of all things. There is no contradiction. There never really can be between the core terms of monistic philosophies. The One in India has got to be the same as the One in Greece. If it's not, you've got two. The only disagreements among the monists concern the attributes of the One, not the One itself. Since the One is the source of all things and includes all things in it, it cannot be defined in terms of those things, since no matter what thing you use to define it, the thing will always describe something less than the One itself. The One can only be described allegorically, through the use of analogy, of figures of imagination and speech. Socrates chooses a heaven-and-earth analogy, showing how individuals are drawn toward the One by a chariot drawn by two horses.

„The world of underlying form is an unusual object of discussion because it is actually a mode of discussion itself.“

—  Robert M. Pirsig, книга Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Источник: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974), Ch. 6
Контексте: The world of underlying form is an unusual object of discussion because it is actually a mode of discussion itself. You discuss things in terms of their immediate appearance or you discuss them in terms of their underlying form, and when you try to discuss these modes of discussion you get involved in what could be called a platform problem. You have no platform from which to discuss them other than the modes themselves.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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