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Пол Фейерабенд

Дата рождения: 13. Январь 1924
Дата смерти: 11. Февраль 1994

Пол Карл Фе́йерабенд — учёный, философ, методолог науки. Родился в Вене , в разное время жил в Англии, США, Новой Зеландии, Италии, Швейцарии. С 1958 по 1989 год работал профессором философии в Калифорнийском университете в Беркли.

Основные работы:

«Против метода» ,

«Наука в свободном обществе» ,

«Прощай, благоразумие» или «Прощай, разум» в других переводах .

Фейерабенд стал известен благодаря своим анархистским взглядам на процесс научного познания, и утверждениям, что в науке не существует универсальных методологических правил. На основе этих идей он создал концепцию эпистемологического анархизма. Он был влиятельной фигурой в философии науки и в социологии научного познания. Критика Фейерабенда оказала существенное влияние на развитие теорий науки Томаса Куна, Имре Лакатоса и др.

„Действовать в конкретной жизненной ситуации, исходя из универсальных стандартных предписаний, — это и значит действовать неразумно!“

„The best education consists in immunizing people against systematic attempts at education.“

„Without a constant misuse of language there cannot be any discovery, any progress“ Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge

„Teachers' using grades and the fear of failure mould the brains of the young until they have lost every ounce of imagination they might once have possessed.“ Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge

„A scientist, an artist, a citizen is not like a child who needs papa methodology and mama rationality to give him security and direction; he can take care of himself, for he is the inventor not only of laws, theories, pictures, plays, forms of music, ways of dealing with his fellow man, institutions but also of entire world views, he is the inventor of entire forms of life.“ Science in a Free Society

„Science is essentially an anarchic enterprise: theoretical anarchism is more humanitarian and more likely to encourage progress than its law-and-order alternatives.“ Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge

„We need a dream-world in order to discover the features of the real world we think we inhabit.“ Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge

„All religions are good 'in principle' - but unfortunately this abstract Good has only rarely prevented their practitioners from behaving like bastards.“ Farewell to Reason

„The separation of state and church must be complemented by the separation of state and science, that most recent, most aggressive, and most dogmatic religious institution.“

„The only principle that does not inhibit progress is: anything goes.“

„Somewhere among the commotion I grew rather depressed. The depression stayed with me for over a year; it was like an animal, a well-defined, spatially localizable thing. I would wake up, open my eyes, listen-is it here or isn’t it? No sign of it. Perhaps it’s asleep. Perhaps it will leave me alone today. Carefully, very carefully, I get out of bed. All is quiet. I go to the kitchen, start breakfast. Not a sound. TV-Good Morning America, David what’s-his-name, a guy I can’t stand. I eat and watch the guests. Slowly the food fills my stomach and gives me strength. Now a quick excursion to the bathroom, and out for my morning walk-and here she is, my faithful depression: “Did you think you could leave without me?" I had often warned my students not to identify with their work. I told them, “if you want to achieve something, if you want to write a book, paint a picture, be sure that the center of your existence if somewhere else and that it’s solidly grounded; only then will you be able to keep your cool and laugh at the attacks that are bound to come." I myself had followed this advice in the past, but now I was alone, sick with some unknown affliction; my private life was in a mess, and I was without a defense. I often wished I had never written that fucking book.“ Killing Time: The Autobiography of Paul Feyerabend

„An anarchist is like an undercover agent who plays the game of Reason in order to undercut the authority of Reason (Truth, Honesty, Justice and so on).“ Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge

„My intention is not to replace one set of general rules by another such set: my intention is, rather, to convince the reader that all methodologies, even the most obvious ones, have their limits. The best way to show this is to demonstrate the limits and even the irrationality of some rules which she, or he, is likely to regard as basic. In the case that induction (including induction by falsification) this means demonstrating how well the counterinductive procedure can be supported by argument.“ Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge

„Progress has always been achieved by probing well-entrenched and well-founded forms of life with unpopular and unfounded values. This is how man gradually freed himself from fear and from the tyranny of unexamined systems.“ Problems of Empiricism: Philosophical Papers: Problems of Empiricism v. 2 (Philosophical Papers

„The pygmies, for example, or the Mindoro of the Philippines, do not want equal rights – they just want to be left alone.“ Farewell to Reason

„In a democracy scientific institutions, research programmes, and suggestions must therefore be subjected to public control, there must be a separation of state and science just as there is a separation between state and religious institutions, and science should be taught as one view among many and not as the one and only road to truth and reality.“ Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge

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