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Поль Рикер

Дата рождения: 27. Февраль 1913
Дата смерти: 20. Май 2005

Поль Рикёр — французский философ, один из ведущих представителей философской герменевтики, новой ветви философии, выросшей из своего корня — феноменологии.


„Становиться взрослым трудно.“

„Предельная открытость языка и есть его победа.“


„Иногда чтение сопровождается борьбой.“

„Если жизнь изначально не является значащей, то понимание вообще невозможно.“

„Возникновение говорения и есть таинство языка.“

„Для нас, говорящих, язык является не объектом, а посредником; язык — это то, благодаря чему, с помощью чего мы выражаем себя и вещи.“

„Человек сам выводит себя на сцену, он сам себя полагает в качестве сцены.“

„Я стремлюсь познать самого себя, овладевая смыслом слов всех людей.“


„I find myself only by losing myself.“

„But myth is something else than an explanation of the world, of history, and of destiny. Myth expresses in terms of the world - that is, of the other world or the second world - the understanding that man has of himself in relation to the foundation and the limit of his existence. Hence to demythologize is to interpret myth, that is, to relate the objective representations of the myth to the self-understanding which is both shown and concealed in it.“

„Man is this plural and collective unity in which the unity of destination and the differences of destinies are to be understood through each other.“

„The dictionary contains no metaphors.“


„The spectacle is at the same time the mirage of self in the mirror of things.“

„We must recognize the fact that philosophy at the present time is entirely at an impasse concerning the problem of the origin of values. This theoretical failure is reflected in the practical antinomy between submission and rebellion that infects the daily concerns of education, politics, and ethics. If no decision can be made at this level, we must retrace our steps, extricate ourselves from the impasse, and try to gain access, by means of a nonethical approach, to the problem of autonomy and obedience.“ The Conflict of Interpretations

„With guilt there arises indeed a sort of demand which can be called scrupulosity and whose ambiguous character is extremely interesting. A scrupulous consciousness is a delicate consciousness, a precise consciousness, enamored of increasing perfection... This atomization of the law into a multitude of commandments entails an endless 'juridization' of action and a quasi-obsessional ritualization of daily life... With it we enter into the hell of guilt, such as St. Paul described it: the law itself becomes a source of sin.“ The Conflict of Interpretations

„La fedeltà al passato non è un dato bensì un voto. Come tutti i voti può essere deluso, o tradito“

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