Вильгельм Штекель цитаты

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Вильгельм Штекель

Дата рождения: 18. Март 1868
Дата смерти: 25. Июнь 1940

Вильге́льм Ште́кель — австрийский психиатр и композитор-любитель, один из пионеров психоанализа, изобретатель термина «парафилия».

Родился в еврейской семье в буковинском селе Бояны. Окончил Венский университет. В связи с нервным расстройством лечился у Зигмунда Фрейда и был настолько впечатлён его методами, что стал одним из первых его последователей. Именно Штекель выступил с идеей создания психоаналитического общества. Распространял идеи психоанализа в немецкой и австрийской периодике. Вместе с А. Адлером редактировал журнал «Имаго». В течение первых двух десятилетий существования психоанализа

мир, вероятно, узнал больше о психоанализе через посредничество Штекеля, чем через оригинальные работы Фрейда, поскольку Штекель был неослабевающим пропагандистом, который как медицинский журналист наводнил Австрию и Германию периодическими изданиями, в которых обозревались и обсуждались психоаналитические темы.

Штекель был сторонником активно-наступательной позиции аналитика в отношениях с пациентом. В труде «Язык сновидения» пытался свести содержание сновидений к набору предзаданных фаллических и вагинальных символов. Несмотря на очевидный редукционизм подобных трактовок, некоторые положения книги были одобрены и восприняты самим Фрейдом.

В 1912 г. Фрейд разорвал отношения со Штекелем в связи с тем, что последний ставил под сомнение значение Эдипова комплекса и страха кастрации в качестве отправной точки большинства неврозов. Одной из краеугольных идей Штекеля была скрытая гомосексуальность всех людей. В 1920 году он выпустил ставшее классическим исследование об онанизме, где доказывал его благотворность в отношении половой разрядки. Для обозначения влечения к смерти Штекель первым использовал греческое слово «танатос».

После прихода к власти нацистов Штекель уехал жить в Лондон, где покончил с собой путём передозировки аспирина. Wikipedia

Цитаты Вильгельм Штекель

„There are people who perish when their eyes are opened.“

—  Wilhelm Stekel

Источник: The Autobiography of Wilhelm Stekel (1950), p. 206
Контексте: Truth is not always the best basis for happiness. There are certain lies which may constitute a far better and more secure foundation of happiness. There are people who perish when their eyes are opened.

„An intense, unyielding stubbornness hides beneath an apparent obedience“

—  Wilhelm Stekel

Sadism and Masochism : The Psychology of Hatred and Cruelty, Vol. 1 (1939), p. 46
Контексте: An intense, unyielding stubbornness hides beneath an apparent obedience (the patient brings a vast number of dreams; his associations become endless; he produces an inexhaustible number of recollections, which seem to him very important but are actually of little moment; or he goes off upon some byroad suggested by the analyst and leads the latter into a blind alley).
The child manifests the same reactions of defiance and obedience. The child, too, can hide his stubbornness behind an excessive docility (the parent's command: You must be industrious. Industry may become a mania so that the child neither goes out nor has time to sleep). Obedience is the giving up of the resistance; obstinacy the setting up of fresh resistances. This resistance is externally active. We have in recent years had sufficient opportunity to observe the law of resistance (the passive resistance). Activity and defiance show great differences. Defiance is the reaction against activity (aggression) of the environment. It may then manifest itself actively or passively and stands in the service of the defensive tendency of the ego. Every resistance reveals the ego (one's own) in conflict with another.

„Defiance is the reaction against activity (aggression) of the environment.“

—  Wilhelm Stekel

Sadism and Masochism : The Psychology of Hatred and Cruelty, Vol. 1 (1939), p. 46
Контексте: An intense, unyielding stubbornness hides beneath an apparent obedience (the patient brings a vast number of dreams; his associations become endless; he produces an inexhaustible number of recollections, which seem to him very important but are actually of little moment; or he goes off upon some byroad suggested by the analyst and leads the latter into a blind alley).
The child manifests the same reactions of defiance and obedience. The child, too, can hide his stubbornness behind an excessive docility (the parent's command: You must be industrious. Industry may become a mania so that the child neither goes out nor has time to sleep). Obedience is the giving up of the resistance; obstinacy the setting up of fresh resistances. This resistance is externally active. We have in recent years had sufficient opportunity to observe the law of resistance (the passive resistance). Activity and defiance show great differences. Defiance is the reaction against activity (aggression) of the environment. It may then manifest itself actively or passively and stands in the service of the defensive tendency of the ego. Every resistance reveals the ego (one's own) in conflict with another.

„Every resistance reveals the ego (one's own) in conflict with another.“

—  Wilhelm Stekel

Sadism and Masochism : The Psychology of Hatred and Cruelty, Vol. 1 (1939), p. 46
Контексте: An intense, unyielding stubbornness hides beneath an apparent obedience (the patient brings a vast number of dreams; his associations become endless; he produces an inexhaustible number of recollections, which seem to him very important but are actually of little moment; or he goes off upon some byroad suggested by the analyst and leads the latter into a blind alley).
The child manifests the same reactions of defiance and obedience. The child, too, can hide his stubbornness behind an excessive docility (the parent's command: You must be industrious. Industry may become a mania so that the child neither goes out nor has time to sleep). Obedience is the giving up of the resistance; obstinacy the setting up of fresh resistances. This resistance is externally active. We have in recent years had sufficient opportunity to observe the law of resistance (the passive resistance). Activity and defiance show great differences. Defiance is the reaction against activity (aggression) of the environment. It may then manifest itself actively or passively and stands in the service of the defensive tendency of the ego. Every resistance reveals the ego (one's own) in conflict with another.

„Obedience is the giving up of the resistance; obstinacy the setting up of fresh resistances.“

—  Wilhelm Stekel

Sadism and Masochism : The Psychology of Hatred and Cruelty, Vol. 1 (1939), p. 46
Контексте: An intense, unyielding stubbornness hides beneath an apparent obedience (the patient brings a vast number of dreams; his associations become endless; he produces an inexhaustible number of recollections, which seem to him very important but are actually of little moment; or he goes off upon some byroad suggested by the analyst and leads the latter into a blind alley).
The child manifests the same reactions of defiance and obedience. The child, too, can hide his stubbornness behind an excessive docility (the parent's command: You must be industrious. Industry may become a mania so that the child neither goes out nor has time to sleep). Obedience is the giving up of the resistance; obstinacy the setting up of fresh resistances. This resistance is externally active. We have in recent years had sufficient opportunity to observe the law of resistance (the passive resistance). Activity and defiance show great differences. Defiance is the reaction against activity (aggression) of the environment. It may then manifest itself actively or passively and stands in the service of the defensive tendency of the ego. Every resistance reveals the ego (one's own) in conflict with another.

„The child manifests the same reactions of defiance and obedience. The child, too, can hide his stubbornness behind an excessive docility“

—  Wilhelm Stekel

Sadism and Masochism : The Psychology of Hatred and Cruelty, Vol. 1 (1939), p. 46
Контексте: An intense, unyielding stubbornness hides beneath an apparent obedience (the patient brings a vast number of dreams; his associations become endless; he produces an inexhaustible number of recollections, which seem to him very important but are actually of little moment; or he goes off upon some byroad suggested by the analyst and leads the latter into a blind alley).
The child manifests the same reactions of defiance and obedience. The child, too, can hide his stubbornness behind an excessive docility (the parent's command: You must be industrious. Industry may become a mania so that the child neither goes out nor has time to sleep). Obedience is the giving up of the resistance; obstinacy the setting up of fresh resistances. This resistance is externally active. We have in recent years had sufficient opportunity to observe the law of resistance (the passive resistance). Activity and defiance show great differences. Defiance is the reaction against activity (aggression) of the environment. It may then manifest itself actively or passively and stands in the service of the defensive tendency of the ego. Every resistance reveals the ego (one's own) in conflict with another.

„The mark of the immature man is that he wants to die nobly for a cause, while the mark of a mature man is that he wants to live humbly for one.“

—  Wilhelm Stekel

Cited by a character in J. D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye (1951) as a statement of Stekel, this has often been attributed to Salinger, and may actually be a paraphrase by him of a statement of the German writer Otto Ludwig (1813-1865) which Stekel himself quotes in his writings:
Das Höchste, wozu er sich erheben konnte, war, für etwas rühmlich zu sterben; jetzt erhebt er sich zu dem Größern, für etwas ruhmlos zu leben.
The highest he could raise himself to was to die gloriously for something; now he rises to something greater: to live humbly for something.
Gedanken Otto Ludwigs : Aus seinem Nachlaß ausgewählt und herausgegeben von Cordelia Ludwig (1903) p. 10 http://archive.org/stream/gedankenottolud00ludwgoog#page/n39/mode/2up; this is quoted by Stekel in "Die Ausgänge der psychoanalytischen Kuren" in Zentralblatt für Psychoanalyse : Medizinische Monatsschrift für Seelenkunde (1913), p. 188 http://archive.org/stream/ZB_III_1913_4_5_k#page/n19/mode/2up, and in Das liebe Ich : Grundriss einer neuen Diätetik der Seele (1913), page 38 http://books.google.de/books?id=PgFAAAAAIAAJ&q=r%C3%BChmlich.
Misattributed

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„Many an attack of depression is nothing but the expression of regret at having to be virtuous.“

—  Wilhelm Stekel

As quoted in Sigmund Says : And Other Psychotherapists' Quotes (2006) by Bernard Nisenholz, p. 94

„Anxiety is fear of one's self.“

—  Wilhelm Stekel

As quoted in Beyond the Blues: Treating Depression One Day at a Time (2000) by Edward F. Haas, p. 119

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