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Жан Пиаже

Дата рождения: 9. Август 1896
Дата смерти: 16. Сентябрь 1980

Жан Вильям Фриц Пиаже́ — швейцарский психолог и философ, известен работами по изучению психологии детей, создатель теории когнитивного развития. Основатель Женевской школы генетической психологии, позднее Ж. Пиаже развил свой подход в науку о природе познания — генетическую эпистемологию.

„Прогресс знаний требует постоянного переформулирования предыдущих точек зрения.“

„Интеллект — это определенная форма равновесия.“

„The principle goal of education in the schools should be creating men and women who are capable of doing new things, not simply repeating what other generations have done; men and women who are creative, inventive and discoverers, who can be critical and verify, and not accept, everything they are offered.“

„Intelligence is what you use when you don't know what to do.“

„What we see changes what we know. What we know changes what we see.“

„Each time one prematurely teaches a child something he could have discovered himself, that child is kept from inventing it and consequently from understanding it completely.“

„I could not think without writing.“

„Play is the answer to how anything new comes about.“

„Logic is the mirror of thought, and not vice versa; in classes, relations et nombres; essai sur les groupements de logistique et la réversibilitié de lq pensée“ The Psychology of Intelligence

„Every response, whether it be an act directed towards the outside world or an act internalized as thought, takes the form of an adaptation or, better, of a re-adaptation.“ The Psychology of Intelligence

„The individual acts only if he experiences a need, i. e., if the equilibrium between the environment and the organism is momentarily upset, and action tends to re-establish the equilibrium, i. e., to re-adapt the organism (Claparède).“ The Psychology of Intelligence

„According to Claparède, feelings appoint a goal for behaviour, while intelligence merely provides the means (the "technique"). But there exists an awareness of ends as well as of means, and this continually modifies the goals of action.“ The Psychology of Intelligence

„A response is thus a particular case of interaction between the external world and the subject, but unlike physiological interactions, which are of a material nature and involve an internal change in the bodies which are present, the responses studied by psychology are of a functional nature and are achieved at greater and greater distances in space (perception, etc.) and in time (memory, etc.) besides following more and more complex paths (reversals, detours, etc.).“ The Psychology of Intelligence

„to avoid the difficulties of teleological language, adaptation must be described as an equilibrium between the action of the organism on the environment and vice versa.“ The Psychology of Intelligence

„I know some very intelligent philosophers, not at all dogmatic, who believe that “science” cannot introduce the concept of finality in the analysis and explanation of vital processes, but that “philosophy” equally cannot arrive at an adequate concept of organic life without introducing finality. It is not a question here of moral or other values, but rather of a concept peculiar to philosophical biology as opposed to biology. Indeed, one such philosopher concluded, drawing inspiration from Merleau-Ponty, that science can “never” give an adequate explanation of the concept of the “whole structure” of the organism.“ Insights and Illusions of Philosophy

„intelligence, the most plastic and at the same time the most durable structural equilibrium of behaviour, is essentially a system of living and acting operations.“ The Psychology of Intelligence

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