Бенджамин Гаррисон цитаты

Бенджамин Гаррисон фото
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Бенджамин Гаррисон

Дата рождения: 20. Август 1833
Дата смерти: 13. Март 1901

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Бе́нджамин Га́ррисон — 23-й президент США . Внук президента США Уильяма Генри Гаррисона. Родился в Норт-Бенде, Огайо, а в 21 год переехал в Индианаполис, Индиана. Во время гражданской войны воевал на стороне США в чине бригадного генерала в XX корпусе Камберлендской армии. После окончания войны неудачно баллотировался на пост губернатора Индианы. В 1880 году был избран в Сенат США. Гаррисон был строгий и честный республиканец, но не обладал блестящими способностями.

Выдвигая кандидатуру в президенты в 1888, Гаррисон высказался в своей прокламации за покровительственную таможенную систему и против иммиграции пролетариев, согласуясь строго с принципом республиканской партии: «Америка для американцев». Он набрал меньше голосов избирателей, чем его оппонент, действовавший президент Гровер Кливленд, однако результаты голосования по штатам принесли ему в Коллегии выборщиков на 70 голосов больше .

Отличительными чертами его президентства считаются принятие Тарифа Маккинли и Акта Шермана, а также федеральные расходы, которые впервые достигли одного миллиарда долларов. Демократы в Сенате резко критиковали эти расходы. Активно защищал избирательные права афроамериканцев. С экономической точки зрения правление Гаррисона оказалось малоудачным; упорная борьба вокруг таможенного тарифа не привела к успешному решению.

При Гаррисоне в Белом доме было проведено электричество, он был первым президентом, записавшим свой голос на фонограф, и последним президентом, носившим бороду во время пребывания в должности.

В 1892 был выдвинут своей партией на переизбрание, но проиграл Гроверу Кливленду. После этого Гаррисон ушёл из политики и поселился в Индианаполисе. В 1900 поехал на отдых в Европу. Недолго пробыв там, вернулся обратно в Индианаполис.

Умер в следующем году от последствий гриппа. Бенджамин Гаррисон — единственный президент США от Индианы.

Во время его президентства были образованы следующие штаты: Северная и Южная Дакота, Монтана, Вашингтон , Айдахо и Вайоминг .

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Цитаты Бенджамин Гаррисон

„Is it not quite possible that the farmers and the promoters of the great mining and manufacturing enterprises which have recently been established in the South may yet find that the free ballot of the workingman, without distinction of race, is needed for their defense as well as for his own?“

— Benjamin Harrison
Context: Is it not quite possible that the farmers and the promoters of the great mining and manufacturing enterprises which have recently been established in the South may yet find that the free ballot of the workingman, without distinction of race, is needed for their defense as well as for his own? I do not doubt that if those men in the South who now accept the tariff views of Clay and the constitutional expositions of Webster would courageously avow and defend their real convictions they would not find it difficult, by friendly instruction and cooperation, to make the black man their efficient and safe ally, not only in establishing correct principles in our national administration, but in preserving for their local communities the benefits of social order and economical and honest government. At least until the good offices of kindness and education have been fairly tried the contrary conclusion can not be plausibly urged.

„When and under what conditions is the black man to have a free ballot? When is he in fact to have those full civil rights which have so long been his in law? When is that equality of influence which our form of government was intended to secure to the electors to be restored? This generation should courageously face these grave questions, and not leave them as a heritage of woe to the next.“

— Benjamin Harrison
Context: When and under what conditions is the black man to have a free ballot? When is he in fact to have those full civil rights which have so long been his in law? When is that equality of influence which our form of government was intended to secure to the electors to be restored? This generation should courageously face these grave questions, and not leave them as a heritage of woe to the next. The consultation should proceed with candor, calmness, and great patience, upon the lines of justice and humanity, not of prejudice and cruelty. No question in our country can be at rest except upon the firm base of justice and of the law.

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„I pity the man who wants a coat so cheap that the man or woman who produces the cloth“

— Benjamin Harrison
Context: I cannot always sympathize with that demand which we hear so frequently for cheap things. Things may be too cheap. They are too cheap when the man or woman who produces them upon the farm or the man or woman who produces them in the factory does not get out of them living wages with a margin for old age and for a dowry for the incidents that are to follow. I pity the man who wants a coat so cheap that the man or woman who produces the cloth or shapes it into a garment will starve in the process. Speech in Rutland, Vermont (28 August 1891) as reported in The New York Times (29 August 1891), p. 5 http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9D01E0DD1339E033A2575AC2A96E9C94609ED7CF

„The virtues of courage and patriotism have given recent proof of their continued presence and increasing power in the hearts and over the lives of our people.“

— Benjamin Harrison
Context: The virtues of courage and patriotism have given recent proof of their continued presence and increasing power in the hearts and over the lives of our people. The influences of religion have been multiplied and strengthened. The sweet offices of charity have greatly increased. The virtue of temperance is held in higher estimation. We have not attained an ideal condition. Not all of our people are happy and prosperous; not all of them are virtuous and law-abiding. But on the whole the opportunities offered to the individual to secure the comforts of life are better than are found elsewhere and largely better than they were here one hundred years ago.

„Shall the prejudices and paralysis of slavery continue to hang upon the skirts of progress? How long will those who rejoice that slavery no longer exists cherish or tolerate the incapacities it put upon their communities?“

— Benjamin Harrison
Context: Shall the prejudices and paralysis of slavery continue to hang upon the skirts of progress? How long will those who rejoice that slavery no longer exists cherish or tolerate the incapacities it put upon their communities? I look hopefully to the continuance of our protective system and to the consequent development of manufacturing and mining enterprises in the States hitherto wholly given to agriculture as a potent influence in the perfect unification of our people. The men who have invested their capital in these enterprises, the farmers who have felt the benefit of their neighborhood, and the men who work in shop or field will not fail to find and to defend a community of interest.

„There is no constitutional or legal requirement that the President shall take the oath of office in the presence of the people, but there is so manifest an appropriateness in the public induction to office of the chief executive officer of the nation that from the beginning of the Government the people, to whose service the official oath consecrates the officer, have been called to witness the solemn ceremonial.“

— Benjamin Harrison
Context: There is no constitutional or legal requirement that the President shall take the oath of office in the presence of the people, but there is so manifest an appropriateness in the public induction to office of the chief executive officer of the nation that from the beginning of the Government the people, to whose service the official oath consecrates the officer, have been called to witness the solemn ceremonial. The oath taken in the presence of the people becomes a mutual covenant. The officer covenants to serve the whole body of the people by a faithful execution of the laws, so that they may be the unfailing defense and security of those who respect and observe them, and that neither wealth, station, nor the power of combinations shall be able to evade their just penalties or to wrest them from a beneficent public purpose to serve the ends of cruelty or selfishness.

„God forbid that the day should ever come when, in the American mind, the thought of man as a 'consumer' shall submerge the old American thought of man as a creature of God, endowed with 'unalienable rights'.“

— Benjamin Harrison
As quoted in "The Status of Annexed Territory and of its Free Civilized Inhabitants" (1901), North American Review, vol. 172, no. 530 (January 1901), p. 22.

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„I knew that my staying up would not change the election result if I were defeated, while if elected I had a hard day ahead of me. So I thought a night's rest was best in any event.“

— Benjamin Harrison
As quoted in A Call to America : Inspiring and Empowering Quotations from the 43 presidents of the United States (2002) by Bryan Curtis

„We Americans have no commission from God to police the world.“

— Benjamin Harrison
Statement of 1888, as quoted in Treasury of Presidential Quotations (1964) by Caroline T. Hamsberger

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