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Филип Зимбардо

Дата рождения: 23. Март 1933

Фи́лип Джордж Зимба́рдо — американский социальный психолог, организатор знаменитого Стэнфордского тюремного эксперимента.


„Достоевский сказал, что нет ничего проще, чем осуждать тех, кто творит зло, и ничего труднее, чем понять их. Понять — не значит простить. Психология — не наука о том как прощать.“ «Филип Зимбардо: Как обычные люди становятся чудовищами... или героями». Выступление американского социального психолога Филиппа Зимбардо в феврале 2008 года.

„If you put good apples into a bad situation, you’ll get bad apples.“


„Sticks and stones can break your bones, but names can kill you.“ The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil

„The line between good and evil is permeable and almost anyone can be induced to cross it when pressured by situational forces.“

„The most dramatic instances of directed behavior change and "mind control" are not the consequence of exotic forms of influence, such as hypnosis, psychotropic drugs, or "brainwashing," but rather the systematic manipulation of the most mundane aspects of human nature over time in confining settings.“ The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil

„Fear is the State's psychological weapon of choice to frighten citizens into sacrificing their basic freedoms and rule-of-law protections in exchange for the security promised by their all-powerful government.“ The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil

„The most apparent thing that I noticed was how most of the people in this study derive their sense of identity and well-being from their immediate surroundings rather than from within themselves, and that's why they broke down—just couldn't stand the pressure—they had nothing within them to hold up against all of this.“ The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil

„Heroes are those who can somehow resist the power of the situation and act out of noble motives, or behave in ways that do not demean others when they easily can.“


„Before I knew that a man could kill a man, because it happens all the time. Now I know that even the person with whom you've shared food, or whom you've slept, even he can kill you with no trouble. The closest neighbor can kill you with his teeth: that is what I have Learned since the genocide, and my eyes no longer gaze the same on the face of the world.“ The Lucifer Effect

„The level of shyness has gone up dramatically in the last decade. I think shyness is an index of social pathology rather than a pathology of the individual.“

„Majority decisions tend to be made without engaging the systematic thought and critical thinking skills of the individuals in the group. Given the force of the group's normative power to shape the opinions of the followers who conform without thinking things through, they are often taken at face value. The persistent minority forces the others to process the relevant information more mindfully. Research shows that the deciscions of a group as a whole are more thoughtful and creative when there is minority dissent than when it is absent.“ The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil

„To be a hero you have to learn to be a deviant —
because you're always going against the conformity of the group.“


„We can assume that most people, most of the time, are moral creatures. But imagine that this morality is like a gearshift that at times gets pushed into neutral. When that happens, morality is disengaged. If the car happens to be on an incline, car and driver move precipitously downhill. It is then the nature of the circumstances that determines outcomes, not the driver's skills or intentions.“

„Human behavior is incredibly pliable, plastic.“

„Evil is knowing better, but willingly doing worse.“

„Being hurt personally triggered a curiosity about how such beliefs are formed.“

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