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Герберт Маркузе

Дата рождения: 19. Июль 1898
Дата смерти: 29. Июль 1979

Ге́рберт Марку́зе — немецкий и американский философ, социолог и культуролог, представитель Франкфуртской школы.

„Занимайся любовью, а не войной.“

„Смерть может стать символом свободы, ибо ее необходимость не уничтожает возможность окончательного освобождения. Как и другие формы необходимости, она может стать рациональной — безболезненной.“

„Сегодняшние теология и философия состязаются друг с другом в воспевании смерти как экзистенциальной категории. Искажая природу биологического факта и превращая его в онтологическую сущность, они награждают вину человечества трансцендентальным благословением, способствующим ее увековечению.“

„Free election of masters does not abolish the masters or the slaves.“

„The so-called consumer society and the politics of corporate capitalism have created a second nature of man which ties him libidinally and aggressively to the commodity form. The need for possessing, consuming, handling and constantly renewing the gadgets, devices, instruments, engines, offered to and imposed upon the people, for using these wares even at the danger of one’s own destruction, has become a “biological” need.“

„The truth of art lies in its power to break the monopoly of established reality to define what is real.“

„If the worker and his boss enjoy the same television program and visit the same resort places, if the typist is as attractively made up as the daughter of her employer, if the Negro owns a Cadillac, if they all read the same newspaper, then this assimilation indicates not the disappearance of classes, but the extent to which the needs and satisfactions that serve the preservation of the Establishment are shared by the underlying population.“ One-Dimensional Man: Studies in the Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society

„Not every problem someone has with his girlfriend is necessarily due to the capitalist mode of production.“

„The means of communication, the irresistible output of the entertainment and information industry carry with them prescribed attitudes and habits, certain intellectual and emotional reactions which bind the consumers to the producers and, through the latter to the whole social system. The products indoctrinate and manipulate; they promote a false consciousness which is immune against its falsehood... Thus emerges a pattern of one-dimensional thought and behavior.“

„By virtue of the way it has organized its technological base, contemporary industrial society tends to be totalitarian. For "totalitarian" is not only a terroristic political coordination of society, but also a non-terroristic economic-technical coordination which operates through the manipulation of needs by vested interests.“ One-Dimensional Man: Studies in the Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society

„One-dimensional thought is systematically promoted by the makers of politics and their purveyors of mass information. Their universe of discourse is populated by self-validating hypotheses which, incessantly and monopolistically repeated, become hyponotic definitions of dictations.“ One-Dimensional Man: Studies in the Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society

„The psychoanalytic liberation of memory explodes the rationality of the repressed individual. As cognition gives way to re-cognition, the forbidden images and impulses of childhood begin to tell the truth that reason denies.“ Eros and Civilization: A Philosophical Inquiry into Freud

„Art breaks open a dimension inaccessible to other experience, a dimension in which human beings, nature, and things no longer stand under the law of the established reality principle... The encounter with the truth of art happens in the estranging language and images which make perceptible, visible, and audible that which is no longer, or not yet, perceived, said, and heard in everyday life.“

„Obscenity is a moral concept in the verbal arsenal of the establishment, which abuses the term by applying it, not to expressions of its own morality but to those of another.“

„Those who devote their lives to earning a living are incapable of living a human existence.“

„The strains and stresses suffered by the individual in society are grounded in the normal functioning of that society (and of the individual!) rather than in its disturbances and diseases.“

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