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Иеремия Бентам

Дата рождения: 15. Февраль 1748
Дата смерти: 6. Июнь 1832

Иеремия Бентам — английский философ-моралист и правовед, социолог, юрист, один из крупнейших теоретиков политического либерализма, родоначальник одного из направлений в английской философии — утилитаризма.

„Война — это несчастье в увеличенном масштабе.“

„Наилучшая конституция для народа есть та, к которой он привык.“

„Закон создаёт права, создавая преступление.“

„Правоведы — единственная категория людей, которым незнание законов ничем не грозит.“

„The question is not, "Can they reason?" nor, "Can they talk?" but "Can they suffer?“ The Principles of Morals and Legislation

„Create all the happiness you are able to create; remove all the misery you are able to remove. Every day will allow you, --will invite you to add something to the pleasure of others, --or to diminish something of their pains.“

„... the rarest of all human qualities is consistency.“

„The day may come when the rest of animal creationacquire those rights which never could have been withholden from them but by the hand of tyranny. The French have already discovered that the blackness of the skin is no reason why a human being should be abandoned without redress to the caprice of a tormentor. It may one day come to be recognized that the number of legs, the villosity of the skin, or the termination of theare reasons equally insufficient for abandoning a sensitive being to the same fate. What else is it that should trace the insuperable line? Is it the faculty of reason, or perhaps the faculty of discourse? But a full-grown horse or dog is beyond comparison a more rational, as well as a more conversable animal, than an infant of a day or a week or even a month old. But suppose they were otherwise, what would it avail??“ The Principles of Morals and Legislation

„Stretching his hand up to reach the stars, too often man forgets the flowers at his feet.“

„... in no instance has a system in regard to religion been ever established, but for the purpose, as well as with the effect of its being made an instrument of intimidation, corruption, and delusion, for the support of depredation and oppression in the hands of governments.“ Constitutional Code; For the Use All Nations and All Governments Professing Liberal Opinions Volume 1

„Happiness is a very pretty thing to feel, but very dry to talk about.“ The Panopticon Writings

„No power of government ought to be employed in the endeavor to establish any system or article of belief on the subject of religion.“ Constitutional Code; For the Use All Nations and All Governments Professing Liberal Opinions Volume 1

„Every law is an infraction of liberty.“

„Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure. It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do, as well as to determine what we shall do. On the one hand the standard of right and wrong, on the other the chain of causes and effects, are fastened to their throne. They govern us in all we do, in all we say, in all we think: every effort we can make to throw off our subjection, will serve but to demonstrate and confirm it. In words a man may pretend to abjure their empire: but in reality he will remain subject to it all the while. The principle of utility recognizes this subjection, and assumes it for the foundation of that system, the object of which is to rear the fabric of felicity by the hands of reason and of law. Systems which attempt to question it, deal in sounds instead of sense, in caprice instead of reason, in darkness instead of light.“ The Principles of Morals and Legislation

„Reputation is the road to power“

„If a man happen to take it into his head to assassinate with his own hands, or with the sword of justice, those whom he calls heretics, that is, people who think, or perhaps only speak, differently upon a subject which neither party understands, he will be as much inclined to do this at one time as at another. Fanaticism never sleeps: it is never glutted: it is never stopped by philanthropy; for it makes a merit of trampling on philanthropy: it is never stopped by conscience; for it has pressed conscience into its service. Avarice, lust, and vengeance, have piety, benevolence, honour; fanaticism has nothing to oppose it.“ Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation

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