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Ингмар Бергман

Дата рождения: 14. Июль 1918
Дата смерти: 30. Июль 2007

Эрнст И́нгмар Бе́ргман — шведский режиссёр театра и кино, сценарист, писатель. Признан одним из величайших кинорежиссёров авторского кино. Среди наиболее известных фильмов Бергмана — «Седьмая печать» , «Земляничная поляна» , «Персона» , «Шёпоты и крики» , «Фанни и Александр» .

Ингмар Бергман поставил более шестидесяти художественных и документальных фильмов для кино и телевидения, при этом был автором сценария к большинству из них. Также на его счету более ста семидесяти театральных постановок. В 1953 году сформировалось многолетнее плодотворное сотрудничество Бергмана с кинооператором Свеном Нюквистом. В фильмах Бергмана часто снимались Харриет Андерссон, Лив Ульман, Гуннар Бьёрнстранд, Биби Андерссон, Эрланд Юзефсон, Ингрид Тулин и Макс фон Сюдов.

„Религия мне всегда казалась чем-то неприличным.“

„Общение между людьми ограничено большей частью сплетнями и критикой чьих–то поступков. Это наблюдение постепенно заставило меня избегать так называемой светской жизни. Мои дни проходят в одиночестве.“

„Бог, создавая женщин, не наделил их чувством юмора, поэтому они способны только любить мужчин, вместо того, чтобы смеяться над ними.“

„Жизнь имеет в точности ту ценность, которой мы хотим её наделить.“

„Из «Советов киноактёру»: Будьте проще. Сделайте пустое лицо. Музыка и сюжет заполнят его.“

„Из всех злоключений и конфликтов, печальных условий, в которых находится человек, в молчании выкристаллизовывается лишь маленькая чистая капля чего-то иного — внезапный порыв, попытка понять несколько слов на чужом языке, это нечто странное, но единственное, что остается. Только это и позитивно.“

„Одиночество — это некий абсолют. Единственное существующее. Все остальное плод нашего воображения, иллюзия.“

„Only someone who is well prepared has the opportunity to improvise.“

„Film as dream, film as music. No art passes our conscience in the way film does, and goes directly to our feelings, deep down into the dark rooms of our souls.“

„I'll tell you something banal. We're emotional illiterates. And not only you and I-practically everybody, that's the depressing thing. We're taught everything about the body and about agriculture in Madagascar and about the square root of pi, or whatever the hell it's called, but not a word about the soul. We're abysmally ignorant, about both ourselves and others. There's a lot of loose talk nowadays to the effect that children should be brought up to know all about brotherhood and understanding and coexistence and equality and everything else that's all the rage just now. But it doesn't dawn on anyone that we must first learn something about ourselves and our own feelings. Our own fear and loneliness and anger. We're left without a chance, ignorant and remorseful among the ruins of our ambitions. To make a child aware of it's soul is something almost indecent. You're regarded as a dirty old man. How can you understand other people if you don't know anything about yourself? Now you're yawning, so that's the end of the lecture.“

„I understand, all right. The hopeless dream of being - not seeming, but being. At every waking moment, alert. The gulf between what you are with others and what you are alone. The vertigo and the constant hunger to be exposed, to be seen through, perhaps even wiped out. Every inflection and every gesture a lie, every smile a grimace. Suicide? No, too vulgar. But you can refuse to move, refuse to talk, so that you don't have to lie. You can shut yourself in. Then you needn't play any parts or make wrong gestures. Or so you thought. But reality is diabolical. Your hiding place isn't watertight. Life trickles in from the outside, and you're forced to react. No one asks if it is true or false, if you're genuine or just a sham. Such things matter only in the theatre, and hardly there either. I understand why you don't speak, why you don't move, why you've created a part for yourself out of apathy. I understand. I admire. You should go on with this part until it is played out, until it loses interest for you. Then you can leave it, just as you've left your other parts one by one.“

„When you feel perpetually unmotivated, you start questioning your existence in an unhealthy way; everything becomes a pseudo intellectual question you have no interest in responding whatsoever. This whole process becomes your very skin and it does not merely affect you; it actually defines you. So, you see yourself as a shadowy figure unworthy of developing interest, unworthy of wondering about the world - profoundly unworthy in every sense and deeply absent in your very presence.“

„I want to confess as best I can, but my heart is void. The void is a mirror. I see my face and feel loathing and horror. My indifference to man has shut me out. I live now in a world of ghosts, a prisoner in my dreams.“ The Seventh Seal

„I hope I never get so old I get religious.“ Talking with Ingmar Bergman

„Today the individual has become the highest form, and the greatest bane, of artistic creation. The smallest wound or pain of the ego is examined under a microscope as if it were of eternal importance. The artist considers his isolation, his subjectivity, his individualism almost holy. Thus we finally gather in one large pen, where we stand and bleat about our loneliness without listening to each other and without realizing that we are smothering each other to death. The individualists stare into each other's eyes and yet deny each other's existence. We walk in circles, so limited by our own anxieties that we can no longer distinguish between true and false, between the gangster's whim and the purest ideal.“

„The world is a den of thieves, and night is falling. Evil breaks its chains and runs through the world like a mad dog. The poison affects us all. No one escapes. Therefore let us be happy while we are happy. Let us be kind, generous, affectionate and good. It is necessary and not at all shameful to take pleasure in the little world.“

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