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Карен Хорни

Дата рождения: 16. Сентябрь 1885
Дата смерти: 4. Декабрь 1952

Ка́рен Хо́рни — американский психоаналитик и психолог, одна из ключевых фигур неофрейдизма. Акцентировала значение воздействия окружающей социальной среды на формирование личности. Основу мотивации человека она усматривала в чувстве тревоги, которое заставляет человека стремиться к безопасности, и в котором заключена потребность в самореализации.

„Согласно моему опыту, реальное отсутствие теплоты чаще маскируется, чем проявляется открыто, и родители утверждают, что учитывают в первую очередь интересы ребенка.“

„Ребенок может вынести очень многое из того, что часто относится к травматическим факторам, — внезапное отнятие от груди, периодические побои, переживания на сексуальной почве, — но все это до тех пор, пока в душе он чувствует, что является желанным и любимым.“

„Он ненавидит себя не потому, что его упреки к себе отчасти верны, напротив, он обвиняет себя потому, что ненавидит себя.“ из книги "Невроз и личностный рост" 1950г.

„If you want to be proud of yourself, then do things in which you can take pride“ Neurosis and Human Growth: The Struggle Towards Self-Realization

„To find a mountain path all by oneself gives a greater feeling of strength than to take a path that is shown.“ Self-Analysis

„Rationalization may be defined as self-deception by reasoning.“

„A perfectly normal person is rare in our civilization.“

„Concern should drive us into action, not into a depression.“

„No one … can entirely step out of his time, that despite his keenness of vision his thinking is in many ways bound to be influenced by the mentality of his time“

„Many such relations are carried on under the camouflage of love, that is, under a subjective conviction of attachment, when actually the love is only the person's clinging to others to satisfy his own needs.“

„There is no good reason why we should not develop and change until the last day we live.“

„If a person has had sufficient courage to discover an unpleasant truth about himself, one may safely trust his courage to be strong enough to carry him through.“ Self-Analysis

„The pride in intellect, or rather in the supremacy of the mind, is not restricted to those engaged in intellectual pursuits but is a regular occurrence in all neurosis.“ Neurosis and Human Growth: The Struggle Towards Self-Realization

„Člověk může sám sebe oklamat, že druhého miluje například i přesto, že ho potřebuje pouze pro slepý obdiv, jenž od něj získává. V takových případech však člověk pravděpodobně druhého náhle odstrčí, nebo se dokonce obrátí proti němu, jakmile ten druhý začne být kritický, a tudíž přestane plnit svou funkci obdivovatele, pro niž byl milován.“ The Neurotic Personality Of Our Time

„[Neurotic] pride is both so vulnerable and so precious that it also must be protected in the future. The neurotic may build an elaborate system of avoidances in the hope of circumventing future hurts. This too is a process that goes on automatically. He is not aware of wanting to avoid an activity because it might hurt his pride. He just avoids it, often without even being aware that he is. The process pertains to activities, to associations with people, and it may put a check on realistic strivings and efforts. If it is widespread it can actually cripple a person's life. He does not embark on any serious pursuits commensurate with his gifts lest he fail to be a brilliant success. He would like to write or to paint and does not dare to start. He does not dare to approach girls lest they reject him. [... ] He withdraws from social contacts lest he be self-conscious. So, according to his economic status, he either does nothing worthwhile or sticks to a mediocre job and restricts his expenses rigidly. In more than one way he lives beneath his means. In the long run this makes it necessary for him to withdraw farther from others, because he cannot face the fact of lagging behind his age group and therefore shuns comparisons or questions from anybody about his work. In order to endure life he must now entrench himself more firmly in his private fantasy-world. But, since all these measures are more a camouflage than a remedy for his pride, he may start to cultivate his neuroses because the neurosis with a capital N then becomes a precious alibi for the lack of accomplishment.“ Neurosis and Human Growth: The Struggle Towards Self-Realization

„Pride in many diverse ways is the enemy of love.“ Neurosis and Human Growth: The Struggle Towards Self-Realization

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