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Клэренс Дэрроу

Дата рождения: 18. Апрель 1857
Дата смерти: 13. Март 1938
Другие имена: Clarence Seward Darrow

Клэренс Сьюард Дэрроу — американский юрист и один из руководителей Американского союза гражданских свобод, из идейных соображений выступавший в качестве адвоката на многих известных судебных процессах.

Защищал преследуемых по политическим мотивам, активистов рабочего и афроамериканского движений, анархистов. Будучи принципиальным противником смертной казни, согласился защищать подростков-убийц Леопольда и Лёба в суде за убийство 14-летнего Роберта «Бобби» Франка . Как сторонник научного мировоззрения представлял в суде интересы учителя Джона Т. Скоупса в так называемом «Обезьяньем процессе» , в котором он выступал против Уильяма Дженнингса Брайана , требовавшего запретить преподавание в школах эволюции. Прозванный «искушённейшим юристом округа», он отличался остроумием и агностицизмом, благодаря которым стал одним из самых известных американских юристов и защитником гражданских свобод.



„Every instinct that is found in any man is in all men. The strength of the emotion may not be so overpowering, the barriers against possession not so insurmountable, the urge to accomplish the desire less keen. With some, inhibitions and urges may be neutralized by other tendencies. But with every being the primal emotions are there. All men have an emotion to kill; when they strongly dislike some one they involuntarily wish he was dead. I have never killed any one, but I have read some obituary notices with great satisfaction.“ The Story of My Life

„I have always felt that doubt was the beginning of wisdom, and the fear of God was the end of wisdom.“ The Story of My Life


„I do not consider it an insult, but rather a compliment to be called an agnostic. I do not pretend to know where many ignorant men are sure — that is all that agnosticism means.“

„When we fully understand the brevity of life, its fleeting joys and unavoidable pains; when we accept the facts that all men and women are approaching an inevitable doom: the consciousness of it should make us more kindly and considerate of each other. This feeling should make men and women use their best efforts to help their fellow travelers on the road, to make the path brighter and easier as we journey on. It should bring a closer kinship, a better understanding, and a deeper sympathy for the wayfarers who must live a common life and die a common death.“ The Essential Words and Writings of Clarence Darrow

„Now, your Honor, I have spoken about the [Civil] war. I believed in it. I don’t know whether I was crazy or not. Sometimes I think perhaps I was. I approved of it; I joined in the general cry of madness and despair. I urged men to fight. I was safe because I was too old to go. I was like the rest. What did they do? Right or wrong, justifiable or unjustifiable -- which I need not discuss today -- it changed the world. For four long years the civilized world was engaged in killing men. Christian against Christian, barbarian uniting with Christians to kill Christians; anything to kill. It was taught in every school, aye in the Sunday schools. The little children played at war. The toddling children on the street. Do you suppose this world has ever been the same since? How long, your Honor, will it take for the world to get back the humane emotions that were slowly growing before the war??

We read of killing one hundred thousand men in a day. We read about it and we rejoiced in it -- if it was the other fellows who were killed. We were fed on flesh and drank blood. Even down to the prattling babe. I need not tell you how many upright, honorable young boys have come into this court charged with murder, some saved and some sent to their death, boys who fought in this war and learned to place a cheap value on human life. You know it and I know it. These boys were brought up in it. The tales of death were in their homes, their playgrounds, their schools; they were in the newspapers that they read; it was a part of the common frenzy -- what was a life? It was nothing. It was the least sacred thing in existence and these boys were trained to this cruelty.“
Attorney for the Damned: Clarence Darrow in the Courtroom

„The world is made up for the most part of morons and natural tyrants, sure of themselves, strong in their own opinions, never doubting anything.“

„was a great man. a wonderful intellect, a great soul of matchless courage, one of the great men of the earth -- and yet we have no right to bow down to his memory simply because he was great. Great orators, great soldiers, great lawyers, often use their gifts for a most unholy cause. We meet to pay a tribute of love and respect tobecause he used his matchless power for the good of man.

{Darrow's eulogy forat his funeral}“

„The fear of God is not the beginning of wisdom. The fear of God is the death of wisdom. Skepticism and doubt lead to study and investigation, and investigation is the beginning of wisdom.“ Why I Am An Agnostic and Other Essays


„Chase after the truth like all hell and you’ll free yourself, even though you never touch its coat tails.“

„It’s not bad people I fear so much as good people. When a person is sure that he is good, he is nearly hopeless; he gets cruel- he believes in punishment.“

„Even if you do learn to speak correct English, whom are you going to speak it to?“

„I would not tell this court that I do not hope that some time, when life and age have changed their bodies, as they do, and have changed their emotions, as they do -- that they may once more return to life. I would be the last person on earth to close the door of hope to any human being that lives, and least of all to my clients. But what have they to look forward to? Nothing. And I think here of the stanza of:... Here it Leopold’s father -- and this boy was the pride of his life. He watched him, he cared for him, he worked for him; the boy was brilliant and accomplished, he educated him, and he thought that fame and position awaited him, as it should have awaited..

... I know the future is with me, and what I stand for here; not merely for the lives of these two unfortunate lads, but for all boys and all girls; for all of the young, and as far as possible, for all of the old.. I know the future is on my side. Your Honor stands between the past and the future. You may hang these boys; you may hang them by the neck until they are dead. But in doing it you will turn your face toward the past... I am pleading for the future;.

... I am sure I do not need to tell this court, or to tell my friends that I would fight just as hard for the poor as for the rich. If I should succeed, my greatest reward and my greatest hope will be that... I have done something to help human understanding, to temper justice with mercy, to overcome hate with love.

I was reading last night of the aspiration of the old Persian poet,. It appealed to me as the highest that I can vision. I wish it was in my heart, and I wish it was in the hearts of all:“
Attorney for the Damned: Clarence Darrow in the Courtroom


„Nothing is so loved by tyrants as obedient subjects.“

„I have suffered from being misunderstood, but I would have suffered a hell of a lot more if I had been understood.“

„I am an Agnostic because I am not afraid to think. I am not afraid of any god in the universe who would send me or any other man or woman to hell. If there were such a being, he would not be a god; he would be a devil.“

„With the land and possession of America rapidly passing into the hands of a favored few; with great corporations taking the place of individual effort; with the small shops going down before the great factories and department stores; with thousands of men and women in idleness and want; with wages constantly tending to a lower level;... with bribery and corruption openly charged, constantly reiterated by the press, and universally believed; and above all and more than all, with the
knowledge that the servants of the people, elected to correct abuses,
are bought and sold in legislative halls at the bidding of corporations and individuals: with all these notorious evils sapping the foundations of popular government and destroying personal liberty, some rude awakening must come. And if it shall come,... when you then look abroad over the ruin and desolation, remember the long years in which the storm was rising, and do not blame the thunderbolt.“

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