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Клэренс Дэрроу

Дата рождения: 18. Апрель 1857
Дата смерти: 13. Март 1938
Другие имена: Clarence Seward Darrow

Клэренс Сьюард Дэрроу — американский юрист и один из руководителей Американского союза гражданских свобод, из идейных соображений выступавший в качестве адвоката на многих известных судебных процессах.

Защищал преследуемых по политическим мотивам, активистов рабочего и афроамериканского движений, анархистов. Будучи принципиальным противником смертной казни, согласился защищать подростков-убийц Леопольда и Лёба в суде за убийство 14-летнего Роберта «Бобби» Франка . Как сторонник научного мировоззрения представлял в суде интересы учителя Джона Т. Скоупса в так называемом «Обезьяньем процессе» , в котором он выступал против Уильяма Дженнингса Брайана , требовавшего запретить преподавание в школах эволюции. Прозванный «искушённейшим юристом округа», он отличался остроумием и агностицизмом, благодаря которым стал одним из самых известных американских юристов и защитником гражданских свобод.

Цитаты Клэренс Дэрроу


„Половину нашей жизни губят родители, а вторую половину — дети.“

„История повторяется. Это один из ее недостатков.“


„Every instinct that is found in any man is in all men. The strength of the emotion may not be so overpowering, the barriers against possession not so insurmountable, the urge to accomplish the desire less keen. With some, inhibitions and urges may be neutralized by other tendencies. But with every being the primal emotions are there. All men have an emotion to kill; when they strongly dislike some one they involuntarily wish he was dead. I have never killed any one, but I have read some obituary notices with great satisfaction.“ The Story of My Life

„I have always felt that doubt was the beginning of wisdom, and the fear of God was the end of wisdom.“ The Story of My Life

„I do not consider it an insult, but rather a compliment to be called an agnostic. I do not pretend to know where many ignorant men are sure — that is all that agnosticism means.“

„When we fully understand the brevity of life, its fleeting joys and unavoidable pains; when we accept the facts that all men and women are approaching an inevitable doom: the consciousness of it should make us more kindly and considerate of each other. This feeling should make men and women use their best efforts to help their fellow travelers on the road, to make the path brighter and easier as we journey on. It should bring a closer kinship, a better understanding, and a deeper sympathy for the wayfarers who must live a common life and die a common death.“ The Essential Words and Writings of Clarence Darrow

„Were these boys in their right minds? Here were two boys with good intellect, one eighteen and one nineteen. They had all the prospects that life could hold out for any of the young; one a graduate of Chicago and another of Ann Arbor; one who had passed his examination for the Harvard Law School and was about to take a trip in Europe,--another who had passed at Ann Arbor, the youngest in his class, with three thousand dollars in the bank. Boys who never knew what it was to want a dollar; boys who could reach any position that was to boys of that kind to reach; boys of distinguished and honorable families, families of wealth and position, with all the world before them. And they gave it all up for nothing, for nothing! They took a little companion of one of them, on a crowded street, and killed him, for nothing, and sacrificed everything that could be of value in human life upon the crazy scheme of a couple of immature lads.

Now, your Honor, you have been a boy; I have been a boy. And we have known other boys. The best way to understand somebody else is to put yourself in his place.

Is it within the realm of your imagination that a boy who was right, with all the prospects of life before him, who could choose what he wanted, without the slightest reason in the world would lure a young companion to his death, and take his place in the shadow of the gallows?

... No one who has the process of reasoning could doubt that a boy who would do that is not right.

How insane they are I care not, whether medically or legally. They did not reason; they could not reason; they committed the most foolish, most unprovoked, most purposeless, most causeless act that any two boys ever committed, and they put themselves where the rope is dangling above their heads....

Why did they kill little Bobby Franks?

Not for money, not for spite; not for hate. They killed him as they might kill a spider or a fly, for the experience. They killed him because they were made that way. Because somewhere in the infinite processes that go to the making up of the boy or the man something slipped, and those unfortunate lads sit here hated, despised, outcasts, with the community shouting for their blood.

... I know, Your Honor, that every atom of life in all this universe is bound up together. I know that a pebble cannot be thrown into the ocean without disturbing every drop of water in the sea. I know that every life is inextricably mixed and woven with every other life. I know that every influence, conscious and unconscious, acts and reacts on every living organism, and that no one can fix the blame. I know that all life is a series of infinite chances, which sometimes result one way and sometimes another. I have not the infinite wisdom that can fathom it, neither has any other human brain“
Attorney for the Damned: Clarence Darrow in the Courtroom

„Now, your Honor, I have spoken about the [Civil] war. I believed in it. I don’t know whether I was crazy or not. Sometimes I think perhaps I was. I approved of it; I joined in the general cry of madness and despair. I urged men to fight. I was safe because I was too old to go. I was like the rest. What did they do? Right or wrong, justifiable or unjustifiable -- which I need not discuss today -- it changed the world. For four long years the civilized world was engaged in killing men. Christian against Christian, barbarian uniting with Christians to kill Christians; anything to kill. It was taught in every school, aye in the Sunday schools. The little children played at war. The toddling children on the street. Do you suppose this world has ever been the same since? How long, your Honor, will it take for the world to get back the humane emotions that were slowly growing before the war??

We read of killing one hundred thousand men in a day. We read about it and we rejoiced in it -- if it was the other fellows who were killed. We were fed on flesh and drank blood. Even down to the prattling babe. I need not tell you how many upright, honorable young boys have come into this court charged with murder, some saved and some sent to their death, boys who fought in this war and learned to place a cheap value on human life. You know it and I know it. These boys were brought up in it. The tales of death were in their homes, their playgrounds, their schools; they were in the newspapers that they read; it was a part of the common frenzy -- what was a life? It was nothing. It was the least sacred thing in existence and these boys were trained to this cruelty.“
Attorney for the Damned: Clarence Darrow in the Courtroom


„You can only protect your liberties in this world by protecting the other man's freedom. You can only be free if I am free.“

„The world is made up for the most part of morons and natural tyrants, sure of themselves, strong in their own opinions, never doubting anything.“

„When I was a boy I was told that anybody could become President. I’m beginning to believe it.“

„was a great man. a wonderful intellect, a great soul of matchless courage, one of the great men of the earth -- and yet we have no right to bow down to his memory simply because he was great. Great orators, great soldiers, great lawyers, often use their gifts for a most unholy cause. We meet to pay a tribute of love and respect tobecause he used his matchless power for the good of man.

{Darrow's eulogy forat his funeral}“


„The fear of God is not the beginning of wisdom. The fear of God is the death of wisdom. Skepticism and doubt lead to study and investigation, and investigation is the beginning of wisdom.“ Why I Am An Agnostic and Other Essays

„Chase after the truth like all hell and you’ll free yourself, even though you never touch its coat tails.“

„Even if you do learn to speak correct English, whom are you going to speak it to?“

„It’s not bad people I fear so much as good people. When a person is sure that he is good, he is nearly hopeless; he gets cruel- he believes in punishment.“

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