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Макс Штирнер

Дата рождения: 25. Октябрь 1806
Дата смерти: 26. Июнь 1856

Макс Шти́рнер , настоящее имя Иоганн Каспар Шмидт — немецкий философ, предвосхитивший задолго до их возникновения идеи нигилизма, экзистенциализма, постмодернизма и анархизма, в особенности индивидуалистического анархизма. Основной труд — книга «Единственный и его собственность» .


„Фанатизм присущ главным образом людям образованным.“

„Скалу, преграждающую мне путь, я обхожу до тех пор, пока у меня не наберется достаточно пороха, чтобы её взорвать.“


„Кроме меня для меня ничего нет.“

„Свобода Человека, согласно принципам политического либерализма,— это свобода от личностей, это личная свобода. Никто не может ничего приказать: повелевает один лишь закон.“

„Буржуазия — это заслуженное дворянство.“

„Ничто — вот на чём я построил своё дело.“

„Если Бог, если человечество, как вы уверяете, имеют достаточно содержания в себе, чтобы быть всем во всем, то и я чувствую, что мне еще менее будет недоставать содержания, что мне не придется жаловаться на «пустоту». Я ничто не в смысле пустоты: я творческое ничто, то, из которого я сам как творец всё создам.“

„Когда господствует разум, гибнет личность.“


„Whoever will be free must make himself free. Freedom is no fairy gift to fall into a man's lap. What is freedom? To have the will to be responsible for one's self.“

„The state calls its own violence law, but that of the individual, crime.“

„Is not all the stupid chatter of most of our newspapers the babble of fools who suffer from the fixed idea of morality, legality, christianity and so forth, and only seem to go about free because the madhouse in which they walk takes in so broad a space?“ The Ego and His Own: The Case of the Individual Against Authority

„Where the world comes in my way - and it comes in my way everywhere - I consume it to quiet the hunger of my egoism. For me you are nothing but - my food, even as I too am fed upon and turned to use by you. We have only one relation to each other, that of usableness, of utility, of use. We owe each other nothing, for what I seem to owe you I owe at most to myself. If I show you a cheery air in order to cheer you likewise, then your cheeriness is of consequence to me, and my air serves my wish; to a thousand others, whom I do not aim to cheer, I do not show it.“ The Ego and Its Own


„There are intellectual vagabonds, to whom the hereditary dwelling-place of their fathers seems too cramped and oppressive for them to be willing to satisfy themselves with the limited space any more: instead of keeping within the limits of a temperate style of thinking, and taking as inviolable truth what furnishes comfort and tranquility to thousands, they overlap all bounds of the traditional and run wild with their imprudent criticism and untamed mania for doubt, these extravagating vagabonds.“ The Ego and Its Own

„All things are Nothing to Me“ The Ego and Its Own

„Political liberty,” what are we to understand by that? Perhaps the individual’s independence of the State and its laws? No; on the contrary, the individual’s subjection in the State and to the State’s laws... Political liberty means that the polis, the State, is free; freedom of religion that religion is free, as freedom of conscience signifies that conscience is free; not, therefore, that I am free from the State, from religion, from conscience, or that I am rid of them. It does not mean my liberty, but the liberty of a power that rules and subjugates me; it means that one of my despots, like State, religion, conscience, is free. State, religion, conscience, these despots, make me a slave, and their liberty is my slavery.“ The Ego and Its Own

„The web of hypocrisy of today hangs on the frontiers of two domains, between which our time swings back and forth, attaching its fine threads of deception and self-deception. No longer vigorous enough to serve morality without doubt or weakening, not yet reckless enough to live wholly to egoism, it trembles now toward the one and now toward the other in the spider-web of hypocrisy, and, crippled by the curse of halfness, catches only miserable, stupid flies.“ The Ego and Its Own

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