Вильгельм Гумбольдт цитаты

Вильгельм Гумбольдт фото
13   4

Вильгельм Гумбольдт

Дата рождения: 22. Июнь 1767
Дата смерти: 8. Апрель 1835
Другие имена: Вильгельм фон Гумбольдт

Фридрих Вильгельм Кристиан Карл Фердинанд фон Гу́мбольдт — немецкий филолог, философ, языковед, государственный деятель, дипломат. Старший брат учёного Александра фон Гумбольдта.

Сочетая в себе разнонаправленные таланты, осуществил реформу гимназического образования в Пруссии, основал в 1809 году университет в Берлине, был другом Гёте и Шиллера.

Один из основоположников лингвистики как науки. Развил учение о языке как непрерывном творческом процессе и о «внутренней форме языка» как выражения индивидуального миросозерцания народа. Во многом определил путь и направление развития немецкой гуманитарной мысли своей эпохи.

Цитаты Вильгельм Гумбольдт

Help us translate English quotes

Discover interesting quotes and translate them.

Start translating

„Man cannot approach this purely objective realm other than through his cognitive and sensory powers, that is, in a subjective manner.“

—  Wilhelm Von Humboldt

As quoted in The Linguistic Relativity Principle and Humboldtian Ethnolinguistics : A History And Appraisal (1963) by Robert Lee Miller, and The Linguistic Turn in Hermeneutic Philosophy (2002) by Cristina Lafont
Контексте: The interdependence of word and idea shows clearly that languages are not actually means of representing a truth already known, but rather of discovering the previously unknown. Their diversity is not one of sounds and signs, but a diversity of world perspectives [Weltansichten]. … The sum of the knowable, as the field to be tilled by the human mind, lies among all languages, independent of them, in the middle. Man cannot approach this purely objective realm other than through his cognitive and sensory powers, that is, in a subjective manner.

„There are undeniably certain kinds of knowledge that must be of a general nature and, more importantly, a certain cultivation of the mind and character that nobody can afford to be without.“

—  Wilhelm Von Humboldt

As quoted in Wilhelm von Humboldt (1970), by P. Berglar, p. 87, and "Profiles of Educators: Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767–1835)" by Karl-Heinz Günther, in Prospects, Vol. 18, Issue 1 (March 1988)
Контексте: There are undeniably certain kinds of knowledge that must be of a general nature and, more importantly, a certain cultivation of the mind and character that nobody can afford to be without. People obviously cannot be good craftworkers, merchants, soldiers or businessmen unless, regardless of their occupation, they are good, upstanding and – according to their condition – well-informed human beings and citizens. If this basis is laid through schooling, vocational skills are easily acquired later on, and a person is always free to move from one occupation to another, as so often happens in life.

„To inquire and to create;—these are the grand centres around which all human pursuits revolve,“

—  Wilhelm Von Humboldt

Источник: The Limits of State Action (1792), Ch. 8
Контексте: To inquire and to create;—these are the grand centres around which all human pursuits revolve, or at least to these objects do they all more or less directly refer.

„If we would indicate an idea which, throughout the whole course of history, has ever more and more widely extended its empire, or which, more than any other, testifies to the much-contested and still more decidedly misunderstood perfectibility of the whole human race, it is that of establishing our common humanity — of striving to remove the barriers which prejudice and limited views of every kind have erected among men, and to treat all mankind, without reference to religion, nation, or color, as one fraternity, one great community, fitted for the attainment of one object, the unrestrained development of the physical powers.“

—  Wilhelm Von Humboldt

Kosmos (1847)
Контексте: If we would indicate an idea which, throughout the whole course of history, has ever more and more widely extended its empire, or which, more than any other, testifies to the much-contested and still more decidedly misunderstood perfectibility of the whole human race, it is that of establishing our common humanity — of striving to remove the barriers which prejudice and limited views of every kind have erected among men, and to treat all mankind, without reference to religion, nation, or color, as one fraternity, one great community, fitted for the attainment of one object, the unrestrained development of the physical powers. This is the ultimate and highest aim of society, identical with the direction implanted by nature in the mind of man toward the indefinite extension of his existence. He regards the earth in all its limits, and the heavens as far as his eye can scan their bright and starry depths, as inwardly his own, given to him as the objects of his contemplation, and as a field for the development of his energies. Even the child longs to pass the hills or the seas which inclose his narrow home; yet, when his eager steps have borne him beyond those limits, he pines, like the plant, for his native soil; and it is by this touching and beautiful attribute of man — this longing for that which is unknown, and this fond remembrance of that which is lost — that he is spared from an exclusive attachment to the present. Thus deeply rooted in the innermost nature of man, and even enjoined upon him by his highest tendencies, the recognition of the bond of humanity becomes one of the noblest leading principles in the history of mankind.

„It is only through extremes that men can arrive at the middle path of wisdom and virtue.“

—  Wilhelm Von Humboldt

Источник: The Limits of State Action (1792), Ch. 8
Контексте: Setting aside the fact that coercion and guidance can never succeed in producing virtue, they manifestly tend to weaken power; and what are tranquil order and outward morality without true moral strength and virtue? Moreover, however great an evil immorality may be, we must not forget that it is not without its beneficial consequences. It is only through extremes that men can arrive at the middle path of wisdom and virtue.

„The incapacity for freedom can only arise from a want of moral and intellectual power; to elevate this power is the only way to counteract this want; but to do this presupposes the exercise of that power, and this exercise presupposes the freedom which awakens spontaneous activity.“

—  Wilhelm Von Humboldt

Источник: The Limits of State Action (1792), Ch. 16
Контексте: The incapacity for freedom can only arise from a want of moral and intellectual power; to elevate this power is the only way to counteract this want; but to do this presupposes the exercise of that power, and this exercise presupposes the freedom which awakens spontaneous activity. Only it is clear we cannot call it giving freedom, when fetters are unloosed which are not felt as such by him who wears them. But of no man on earth—however neglected by nature, and however degraded by circumstances—is this true of all the bonds which oppress and enthral him. Let us undo them one by one, as the feeling of freedom awakens in men’s hearts, and we shall hasten progress at every step. There may still be great difficulties in being able to recognize the symptoms of this awakening. But these do not lie in the theory so much as in its execution, which, it is evident, never admits of special rules, but in this case, as in every other, is the work of genius alone.

„The interdependence of word and idea shows clearly that languages are not actually means of representing a truth already known, but rather of discovering the previously unknown. Their diversity is not one of sounds and signs, but a diversity of world perspectives [Weltansichten].“

—  Wilhelm Von Humboldt

As quoted in The Linguistic Relativity Principle and Humboldtian Ethnolinguistics : A History And Appraisal (1963) by Robert Lee Miller, and The Linguistic Turn in Hermeneutic Philosophy (2002) by Cristina Lafont
Контексте: The interdependence of word and idea shows clearly that languages are not actually means of representing a truth already known, but rather of discovering the previously unknown. Their diversity is not one of sounds and signs, but a diversity of world perspectives [Weltansichten]. … The sum of the knowable, as the field to be tilled by the human mind, lies among all languages, independent of them, in the middle. Man cannot approach this purely objective realm other than through his cognitive and sensory powers, that is, in a subjective manner.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

Подобные авторы

Георг Гегель фото
Георг Гегель63
немецкий философ
Фридрих Ницше фото
Фридрих Ницше130
немецкий философ
Артур Шопенгауэр фото
Артур Шопенгауэр291
немецкий философ
Фридрих Энгельс фото
Фридрих Энгельс52
немецкий философ, политический журналист
Людвиг Фейербах фото
Людвиг Фейербах31
немецкий философ-метафизик, оптимистичный Ницше
Карл Маркс фото
Карл Маркс159
немецкий философ, социолог, экономист, писатель, политическ…
Шарль Морис де Талейран-Перигор фото
Шарль Морис де Талейран-Перигор60
французский политик и дипломат
Франсуа Рене де Шатобриан фото
Франсуа Рене де Шатобриан15
французский писатель и дипломат
Джон Стюарт Милль фото
Джон Стюарт Милль19
английский философ, экономист, политик
Ральф Уолдо Эмерсон фото
Ральф Уолдо Эмерсон222
американский эссеист, поэт, философ, пастор, общественный д…
Сегодня годовщина
Урсула Крёбер Ле Гуин фото
Урсула Крёбер Ле Гуин64
американская писательница-фантаст и литературный критик 1929 - 2018
Альфонс де Ламартин фото
Альфонс де Ламартин25
французский писатель, поэт и политический деятель 1790 - 1869
Джек Керуак фото
Джек Керуак23
1922 - 1969
Никита Сергеевич Михалков фото
Никита Сергеевич Михалков24
советский и российский актёр, кинорежиссёр, сценарист и про… 1945
Другие 45 годовщин
Подобные авторы
Георг Гегель фото
Георг Гегель63
немецкий философ
Фридрих Ницше фото
Фридрих Ницше130
немецкий философ
Артур Шопенгауэр фото
Артур Шопенгауэр291
немецкий философ
Фридрих Энгельс фото
Фридрих Энгельс52
немецкий философ, политический журналист
Людвиг Фейербах фото
Людвиг Фейербах31
немецкий философ-метафизик, оптимистичный Ницше