Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк цитаты

Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк фото
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Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк

Дата рождения: 1881
Дата смерти: 10. Ноябрь 1938

Мустафа́ Кема́ль Ататю́рк; Гази Мустафа Кемаль-паша — османский и турецкий государственный и политический деятель, военачальник. Основатель и первый лидер Республиканской народной партии Турции; первый президент Турецкой Республики, основатель современного турецкого государства.

Возглавив после поражения Османской империи в Первой мировой войне национально-революционное движение и войну за независимость в Анатолии, добился ликвидации великого правительства султана и оккупационного режима, создал новое, основанное на национализме , республиканское государство, провёл ряд серьёзных политических, социальных и культурных реформ, таких как: ликвидация султаната , провозглашение республики , упразднение халифата , введение светского обучения, закрытие дервишских орденов, реформа одежды , принятие нового уголовного и гражданского кодексов по европейскому образцу , латинизация алфавита, очищение турецкого языка от арабских и персидских заимствований, отделение религии от государства , предоставление избирательных прав женщинам, отмена титулов и феодальных форм обращения, введение фамилий , создание национальных банков и национальной промышленности. Как председатель Великого национального собрания и затем как президент республики, переизбиравшийся на этот пост каждое четырёхлетие, а также как несменяемый председатель им созданной Народно-республиканской партии, приобрёл в Турции непререкаемый авторитет и диктаторские полномочия. Wikipedia

Цитаты Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк

„Те, кто воюют мечом, в конце концов терпят поражение от тех, кто воюют сохой.“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк

Речь на открытии Экономического конгресса в Измире 17 февраля 1923 года.

„There is no defense line, but defense territory. This territory is the whole of the motherland!“

—  Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

His order to the Turkish army at the Battle of Sakarya (26 August 1921); Turkish, as quoted in Bugünkü Türkiye (1937), by Stephan Ronart, p. 127
Variant translation: There is no defense line, but a defense territory, and that territory is the whole of the motherland. Not even an inch of the motherland may be abandoned without being soaked in the blood of her citizens...
English translation, as quoted in History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey (1976) by Stanford Jay Shaw
Добавить примечание: (tr) Hattı müdafaa yoktur, sathı müdafaa vardır. O satıh bütün vatandır.

„Know that whatever conforms to reason, logic, and the advantages and needs of our people conforms equally to Islam.“

—  Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

As quoted in Kemalizm, Laiklik ve Demokrasi [Kemalism, Laicism and Democracy] (1994) by Ahmet Taner Kışlalı
Контексте: Religion is an important institution. A nation without religion cannot survive. Yet it is also very important to note that religion is a link between Allah and the individual believer. The brokerage of the pious cannot be permitted. Those who use religion for their own benefit are detestable. We are against such a situation and will not allow it. Those who use religion in such a manner have fooled our people; it is against just such people that we have fought and will continue to fight. Know that whatever conforms to reason, logic, and the advantages and needs of our people conforms equally to Islam. If our religion did not conform to reason and logic, it would not be the perfect religion, the final religion.

„Humankind is made up of two sexes, women and men. Is it possible for humankind to grow by the improvement of only one part while the other part is ignored?“

—  Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

As quoted in "Atatürk" in Images of a Divided World (29 October 2006) http://jmilton6000.wordpress.com/2006/10/29/ataturk/
Variant translation: Humankind consists of two sexes, woman and man. Is it possible that a mass is improved by the improvement of only one part and the other ignored? Is it possible that if half of a mass is tied to earth with chains and the other half can soar into skies?
Контексте: Humankind is made up of two sexes, women and men. Is it possible for humankind to grow by the improvement of only one part while the other part is ignored? Is it possible that if half of a mass is tied to earth with chains that the other half can soar into skies?

„Those who use religion for their own benefit are detestable.“

—  Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

As quoted in Kemalizm, Laiklik ve Demokrasi [Kemalism, Laicism and Democracy] (1994) by Ahmet Taner Kışlalı
Контексте: Religion is an important institution. A nation without religion cannot survive. Yet it is also very important to note that religion is a link between Allah and the individual believer. The brokerage of the pious cannot be permitted. Those who use religion for their own benefit are detestable. We are against such a situation and will not allow it. Those who use religion in such a manner have fooled our people; it is against just such people that we have fought and will continue to fight. Know that whatever conforms to reason, logic, and the advantages and needs of our people conforms equally to Islam. If our religion did not conform to reason and logic, it would not be the perfect religion, the final religion.

„I have no religion, and at times I wish all religions at the bottom of the sea.“

—  Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

He is a weak ruler who needs religion to uphold his government; it is as if he would catch his people in a trap. My people are going to learn the principles of democracy, the dictates of truth and the teachings of science. Superstition must go. Let them worship as they will; every man can follow his own conscience, provided it does not interfere with sane reason or bid him against the liberty of his fellow-men.
Quoted in Atatürk: The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey, by Andrew Mango; "In a book published in 1928, Grace Ellison quotes [Atatürk], presumably in 1926-27", Grace Ellison Turkey Today (London: Hutchinson, 1928)

„Men, I am not ordering you to attack. I am ordering you to die.“

—  Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Orders to the 57th Infantry Regiment, at the Battle of Gallipoli (25 April 1915); as quoted in Studies in Battle Command http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/army/csi-battles.htm by Combat Studies Institute, US Army Command and General Staff College, p. 89; also quoted in Turkey (2007) by Verity Campbell, p. 188
Variant translation: I am not ordering you to fight, I am ordering you to die.
Контексте: Men, I am not ordering you to attack. I am ordering you to die. In the time that it takes us to die, other forces and commanders can come and take our place.

„To write history is as important as to make history. If the writer does not remain true to the maker, then the unchanging truth takes on a quality that will confuse the humanity.“

—  Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Добавить примечание: Tarih yazmak, tarih yapmak kadar mühimdir. Yazan yapana sadık kalmazsa değişmeyen hakikat, insanlığı şaşırtacak bir mahiyet alır.
Источник: As quoted by Hasan Cemil Çambel in T.T.K. Belleten (1939), Vol: 3, no: 10, p. 272, Turkish Republic Ministry of Culture http://www.kultur.gov.tr/TR,25417/tarih.html

„Peace at, Peace in the World.“

—  Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Maxim which became the motto of the Republic of Turkey; quoted in many sources including, Atatürk (1963) by Uluğ İğdemir, p. 200; and Small Nations and Great Powers: A Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict in the Caucasus (2000) by Svante E. Cornell, p. 287
Добавить примечание: (tr) Yurtta Sulh, Cihanda Sulh.

„Our life here is truly hellish. Fortunately, my soldiers are very brave and tougher than the enemy.“

—  Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Letter to Corinne Lütfü, from the Gallipoli peninsula (20 July 1915) as translated in Atatürk: The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey (2002) by Andrew Mango.

„Mankind is a single body and each nation a part of that body.“

—  Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

As quoted by Paul Wolfowitz in an address to the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Washington, D.C. (13 March 2002) http://www.defenselink.mil/speeches/speech.aspx?speechid=198
Контексте: Mankind is a single body and each nation a part of that body. We must never say "What does it matter to me if some part of the world is ailing?" If there is such an illness, we must concern ourselves with it as though we were having that illness.

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