Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк цитаты

Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк фото
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Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк

Дата рождения: 1881
Дата смерти: 10. Ноябрь 1938

Мустафа́ Кема́ль Ататю́рк; Гази Мустафа Кемаль-паша — османский и турецкий государственный и политический деятель, военачальник. Основатель и первый лидер Республиканской народной партии Турции; первый президент Турецкой Республики, основатель современного турецкого государства.

Возглавив после поражения Османской империи в Первой мировой войне национально-революционное движение и войну за независимость в Анатолии, добился ликвидации великого правительства султана и оккупационного режима, создал новое, основанное на национализме , республиканское государство, провёл ряд серьёзных политических, социальных и культурных реформ, таких как: ликвидация султаната , провозглашение республики , упразднение халифата , введение светского обучения, закрытие дервишских орденов, реформа одежды , принятие нового уголовного и гражданского кодексов по европейскому образцу , латинизация алфавита, очищение турецкого языка от арабских и персидских заимствований, отделение религии от государства , предоставление избирательных прав женщинам, отмена титулов и феодальных форм обращения, введение фамилий , создание национальных банков и национальной промышленности. Как председатель Великого национального собрания и затем как президент республики, переизбиравшийся на этот пост каждое четырёхлетие, а также как несменяемый председатель им созданной Народно-республиканской партии, приобрёл в Турции непререкаемый авторитет и диктаторские полномочия.

Цитаты Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк

„Те, кто воюют мечом, в конце концов терпят поражение от тех, кто воюют сохой.“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк

Речь на открытии Экономического конгресса в Измире 17 февраля 1923 года.

„Those who use religion for their own benefit are detestable.“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк

As quoted in Kemalizm, Laiklik ve Demokrasi [Kemalism, Laicism and Democracy] (1994) by Ahmet Taner Kışlalı
Контексте: Religion is an important institution. A nation without religion cannot survive. Yet it is also very important to note that religion is a link between Allah and the individual believer. The brokerage of the pious cannot be permitted. Those who use religion for their own benefit are detestable. We are against such a situation and will not allow it. Those who use religion in such a manner have fooled our people; it is against just such people that we have fought and will continue to fight. Know that whatever conforms to reason, logic, and the advantages and needs of our people conforms equally to Islam. If our religion did not conform to reason and logic, it would not be the perfect religion, the final religion.

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„I have no religion, and at times I wish all religions at the bottom of the sea.“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк

He is a weak ruler who needs religion to uphold his government; it is as if he would catch his people in a trap. My people are going to learn the principles of democracy, the dictates of truth and the teachings of science. Superstition must go. Let them worship as they will; every man can follow his own conscience, provided it does not interfere with sane reason or bid him against the liberty of his fellow-men.
Quoted in Atatürk: The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey, by Andrew Mango; "In a book published in 1928, Grace Ellison quotes [Atatürk], presumably in 1926-27", Grace Ellison Turkey Today (London: Hutchinson, 1928)

„Men, I am not ordering you to attack. I am ordering you to die.“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк

Orders to the 57th Infantry Regiment, at the Battle of Gallipoli (25 April 1915); as quoted in Studies in Battle Command http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/army/csi-battles.htm by Combat Studies Institute, US Army Command and General Staff College, p. 89; also quoted in Turkey (2007) by Verity Campbell, p. 188
Variant translation: I am not ordering you to fight, I am ordering you to die.
Контексте: Men, I am not ordering you to attack. I am ordering you to die. In the time that it takes us to die, other forces and commanders can come and take our place.

„To write history is as important as to make history. If the writer does not remain true to the maker, then the unchanging truth takes on a quality that will confuse the humanity.“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк

Tarih yazmak, tarih yapmak kadar mühimdir. Yazan yapana sadık kalmazsa değişmeyen hakikat, insanlığı şaşırtacak bir mahiyet alır.
As quoted by Hasan Cemil Çambel in T.T.K. Belleten (1939), Vol: 3, no: 10, p. 272, Turkish Republic Ministry of Culture http://www.kultur.gov.tr/TR,25417/tarih.html

„Peace at, Peace in the World.“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк

Maxim which became the motto of the Republic of Turkey; quoted in many sources including, Atatürk (1963) by Uluğ İğdemir, p. 200; and Small Nations and Great Powers: A Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict in the Caucasus (2000) by Svante E. Cornell, p. 287
Добавить примечание: (tr) Yurtta Sulh, Cihanda Sulh.

„Our life here is truly hellish.“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк

Letter to Corinne Lütfü, from the Gallipoli peninsula (20 July 1915) as translated in Atatürk: The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey (2002) by Andrew Mango.
Контексте: Our life here is truly hellish. Fortunately, my soldiers are very brave and tougher than the enemy.

„Religion is an important institution. A nation without religion cannot survive. Yet it is also very important to note that religion is a link between Allah and the individual believer.“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк

As quoted in Kemalizm, Laiklik ve Demokrasi [Kemalism, Laicism and Democracy] (1994) by Ahmet Taner Kışlalı
Контексте: Religion is an important institution. A nation without religion cannot survive. Yet it is also very important to note that religion is a link between Allah and the individual believer. The brokerage of the pious cannot be permitted. Those who use religion for their own benefit are detestable. We are against such a situation and will not allow it. Those who use religion in such a manner have fooled our people; it is against just such people that we have fought and will continue to fight. Know that whatever conforms to reason, logic, and the advantages and needs of our people conforms equally to Islam. If our religion did not conform to reason and logic, it would not be the perfect religion, the final religion.

„My people are going to learn the principles of democracy, the dictates of truth and the teachings of science.“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк

Quoted in Atatürk: The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey, by Andrew Mango; "In a book published in 1928, Grace Ellison quotes [Atatürk], presumably in 1926-27", Grace Ellison Turkey Today (London: Hutchinson, 1928)
Контексте: I have no religion, and at times I wish all religions at the bottom of the sea. He is a weak ruler who needs religion to uphold his government; it is as if he would catch his people in a trap. My people are going to learn the principles of democracy, the dictates of truth and the teachings of science. Superstition must go. Let them worship as they will; every man can follow his own conscience, provided it does not interfere with sane reason or bid him against the liberty of his fellow-men.

„Lasting peace is sought, it is essential to adopt international measures to improve the lot of the masses.“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк

As quoted in I. Milletlerarası Gençlik Kongresi [First International Youth Congress] (1988) by Selçuk University, p. 19
Контексте: Lasting peace is sought, it is essential to adopt international measures to improve the lot of the masses. The welfare of the entire human race must replace hunger and oppression. People of the world must be taught to give up envy, avarice and rancour.

„Your voice is my voice. Do not forget it!“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк

Statement made to those going to foreign nations or international conferences, as quoted by F. Rıfkı Atay; also quoted (in Turkish) in Atatürk ve çevresindekiler [Atatürk and his Entourage] (1995) by Kemal Arıburnu, p. 128
Variant translation: Your voice is my voice. Do not forget!
Добавить примечание: (tr) Sesiniz, benim sesimdir. Unutmayınız!

„We must delve into our roots and reconstruct what history has divided. We can't wait for them to approach us. We must reach out to them.“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк

Speech at Çankaya Pavilion (29 October 1933); quoted in Orta(daki) Asya Ülkeleri -Mustafa Balbay - Cumhuriyet Kitapları http://kitap.antoloji.com/kitap.asp?kitap=16216
Контексте: Today the Soviet Union is a friend and an ally. We need this friendship. However, no one can know what will happen tomorrow. Just like the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian Empires it may tear itself apart or shrink in size. Those peoples that it holds so tightly in its grip may one day slip away. The world may see a new balance of power. It is then that Turkey must know what to do. Ally Soviets have under their control our brothers with whom we share language, beliefs and roots. We must be prepared to embrace them. Being ready does not mean that we will sit quietly and wait. We must get ready. How does a people get prepared for such an endeavour? By strengthening the natural bridges that exist between us. Language is a bridge... Religion is a bridge... History is a bridge... We must delve into our roots and reconstruct what history has divided. We can't wait for them to approach us. We must reach out to them.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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