Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк цитаты

Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк фото
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Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк

Дата рождения: 1881
Дата смерти: 10. Ноябрь 1938

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Мустафа́ Кема́ль Ататю́рк; Гази Мустафа Кемаль-паша — османский и турецкий реформатор, политик, государственный деятель и военачальник; основатель и первый лидер Республиканской народной партии Турции; первый президент Турецкой Республики, основатель современного турецкого государства.

Возглавив после поражения Османской империи в Первой мировой войне национально-революционное движение и войну за независимость в Анатолии, добился ликвидации марионеточного правительства султана и оккупационного режима, создал новое, основанное на национализме , республиканское государство, провёл ряд серьёзных политических, социальных и культурных реформ, таких как: ликвидация султаната , провозглашение республики , упразднение халифата , введение светского обучения, закрытие дервишских орденов, реформа одежды , принятие нового уголовного и гражданского кодексов по европейскому образцу , латинизация алфавита, очищение турецкого языка от арабских и персидских заимствований, отделение религии от государства , предоставление избирательных прав женщинам, отмена титулов и феодальных форм обращения, введение фамилий , создание национальных банков и национальной промышленности. Как председатель Великого национального собрания и затем как президент республики, переизбиравшийся на этот пост каждое четырёхлетие, а также как несменяемый председатель им созданной Народно-республиканской партии, приобрёл в Турции непререкаемый авторитет и диктаторские полномочия.

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Цитаты Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк

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„Те, кто воюют мечом, в конце концов терпят поражение от тех, кто воюют сохой.“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Речь на открытии Экономического конгресса в Измире 17 февраля 1923 года.

„Our life here is truly hellish.“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Our life here is truly hellish. Fortunately, my soldiers are very brave and tougher than the enemy. Letter to Corinne Lütfü, from the Gallipoli peninsula (20 July 1915) as translated in Atatürk: The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey (2002) by Andrew Mango.

„My people are going to learn the principles of democracy, the dictates of truth and the teachings of science.“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: I have no religion, and at times I wish all religions at the bottom of the sea. He is a weak ruler who needs religion to uphold his government; it is as if he would catch his people in a trap. My people are going to learn the principles of democracy, the dictates of truth and the teachings of science. Superstition must go. Let them worship as they will; every man can follow his own conscience, provided it does not interfere with sane reason or bid him against the liberty of his fellow-men. Quoted in Atatürk: The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey, by Andrew Mango; "In a book published in 1928, Grace Ellison quotes [Atatürk], presumably in 1926-27", Grace Ellison Turkey Today (London: Hutchinson, 1928)

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„Know that whatever conforms to reason, logic, and the advantages and needs of our people conforms equally to Islam.“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Religion is an important institution. A nation without religion cannot survive. Yet it is also very important to note that religion is a link between Allah and the individual believer. The brokerage of the pious cannot be permitted. Those who use religion for their own benefit are detestable. We are against such a situation and will not allow it. Those who use religion in such a manner have fooled our people; it is against just such people that we have fought and will continue to fight. Know that whatever conforms to reason, logic, and the advantages and needs of our people conforms equally to Islam. If our religion did not conform to reason and logic, it would not be the perfect religion, the final religion. As quoted in Kemalizm, Laiklik ve Demokrasi [Kemalism, Laicism and Democracy] (1994) by Ahmet Taner Kışlalı

„We must delve into our roots and reconstruct what history has divided. We can't wait for them to approach us. We must reach out to them.“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Today the Soviet Union is a friend and an ally. We need this friendship. However, no one can know what will happen tomorrow. Just like the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian Empires it may tear itself apart or shrink in size. Those peoples that it holds so tightly in its grip may one day slip away. The world may see a new balance of power. It is then that Turkey must know what to do. Ally Soviets have under their control our brothers with whom we share language, beliefs and roots. We must be prepared to embrace them. Being ready does not mean that we will sit quietly and wait. We must get ready. How does a people get prepared for such an endeavour? By strengthening the natural bridges that exist between us. Language is a bridge... Religion is a bridge... History is a bridge... We must delve into our roots and reconstruct what history has divided. We can't wait for them to approach us. We must reach out to them. Speech at Çankaya Pavilion (29 October 1933); quoted in [http://kitap.antoloji.com/kitap.asp?kitap=16216 Orta(daki) Asya Ülkeleri -Mustafa Balbay - Cumhuriyet Kitapları]

„Those who use religion for their own benefit are detestable.“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Religion is an important institution. A nation without religion cannot survive. Yet it is also very important to note that religion is a link between Allah and the individual believer. The brokerage of the pious cannot be permitted. Those who use religion for their own benefit are detestable. We are against such a situation and will not allow it. Those who use religion in such a manner have fooled our people; it is against just such people that we have fought and will continue to fight. Know that whatever conforms to reason, logic, and the advantages and needs of our people conforms equally to Islam. If our religion did not conform to reason and logic, it would not be the perfect religion, the final religion. As quoted in Kemalizm, Laiklik ve Demokrasi [Kemalism, Laicism and Democracy] (1994) by Ahmet Taner Kışlalı

„Lasting peace is sought, it is essential to adopt international measures to improve the lot of the masses.“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Lasting peace is sought, it is essential to adopt international measures to improve the lot of the masses. The welfare of the entire human race must replace hunger and oppression. People of the world must be taught to give up envy, avarice and rancour. As quoted in I. Milletlerarası Gençlik Kongresi [First International Youth Congress] (1988) by Selçuk University, p. 19

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„Mankind is a single body and each nation a part of that body.“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Mankind is a single body and each nation a part of that body. We must never say "What does it matter to me if some part of the world is ailing?" If there is such an illness, we must concern ourselves with it as though we were having that illness. As quoted by Paul Wolfowitz in an [http://www.defenselink.mil/speeches/speech.aspx?speechid=198 address to the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Washington, D.C. (13 March 2002)]

„Religion is an important institution. A nation without religion cannot survive. Yet it is also very important to note that religion is a link between Allah and the individual believer.“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Religion is an important institution. A nation without religion cannot survive. Yet it is also very important to note that religion is a link between Allah and the individual believer. The brokerage of the pious cannot be permitted. Those who use religion for their own benefit are detestable. We are against such a situation and will not allow it. Those who use religion in such a manner have fooled our people; it is against just such people that we have fought and will continue to fight. Know that whatever conforms to reason, logic, and the advantages and needs of our people conforms equally to Islam. If our religion did not conform to reason and logic, it would not be the perfect religion, the final religion. As quoted in Kemalizm, Laiklik ve Demokrasi [Kemalism, Laicism and Democracy] (1994) by Ahmet Taner Kışlalı

„Humankind is made up of two sexes, women and men. Is it possible for humankind to grow by the improvement of only one part while the other part is ignored?“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Humankind is made up of two sexes, women and men. Is it possible for humankind to grow by the improvement of only one part while the other part is ignored? Is it possible that if half of a mass is tied to earth with chains that the other half can soar into skies? As quoted in [http://jmilton6000.wordpress.com/2006/10/29/ataturk/ "Atatürk" in Images of a Divided World (29 October 2006)] Variant translation: Humankind consists of two sexes, woman and man. Is it possible that a mass is improved by the improvement of only one part and the other ignored? Is it possible that if half of a mass is tied to earth with chains and the other half can soar into skies?

„I have no religion, and at times I wish all religions at the bottom of the sea“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: I have no religion, and at times I wish all religions at the bottom of the sea. He is a weak ruler who needs religion to uphold his government; it is as if he would catch his people in a trap. My people are going to learn the principles of democracy, the dictates of truth and the teachings of science. Superstition must go. Let them worship as they will; every man can follow his own conscience, provided it does not interfere with sane reason or bid him against the liberty of his fellow-men. Quoted in Atatürk: The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey, by Andrew Mango; "In a book published in 1928, Grace Ellison quotes [Atatürk], presumably in 1926-27", Grace Ellison Turkey Today (London: Hutchinson, 1928)

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