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Алексис Токвиль

Дата рождения: 29. Июль 1805
Дата смерти: 16. Апрель 1859
Другие имена: Visconte Alexis de Tocqueville, Алексис де Токвиль

Алекси́с-Шарль-Анри Клерель де Токви́ль — французский политический деятель, лидер консервативной Партии порядка, министр иностранных дел Франции . Более всего известен как автор историко-политического трактата «Демократия в Америке» , который называют «одновременно лучшей книгой о демократии и лучшей книгой об Америке».

Цитаты Алексис Токвиль

„Кто ищет в свободе что-либо другое, а не её саму, тот создан для рабства.“

„Страшно не то, что великие люди аморальны, а то, что аморальность ведёт к величию.“

„Рабское положение, отупляя раба, ведёт в то же время к деградации и хозяина.“

„Кто ищет в свободе что-либо другое, а не её саму, тот создан для рабства.“

„Самый опасный момент для плохого правительства наступает тогда, когда оно начинает меняться, когда оно начинает реформироваться.“

„The American Republic will endure until the day Congress discovers that it can bribe the public with the public's money.“

„America is great because she is good. If America ceases to be good, America will cease to be great.“

„I do not know if the people of the United States would vote for superior men if they ran for office, but there can be no doubt that such men do not run.“ Democracy in America

„Democracy extends the sphere of individual freedom, socialism restricts it. Democracy attaches all possible value to each man; socialism makes each man a mere agent, a mere number. Democracy and socialism have nothing in common but one word: equality. But notice the difference: while democracy seeks equality in liberty, socialism seeks equality in restraint and servitude.“

„Americans are so enamored of equality, they would rather be equal in slavery than unequal in freedom.“

„Nothing is more wonderful than the art of being free, but nothing is harder to learn how to use than freedom.“ Democracy in America

„Society will develop a new kind of servitude which covers the surface of society with a network of complicated rules, through which the most original minds and the most energetic characters cannot penetrate. It does not tyrannise but it compresses, enervates, extinguishes, and stupefies a people, till each nation is reduced to nothing better than a flock of timid and industrious animals, of which the government is the shepherd.“

„Liberty cannot be established without morality, nor morality without faith.“ Democracy in America

„When the taste for physical gratifications among them has grown more rapidly than their education... the time will come when men are carried away and lose all self-restraint.... It is not necessary to do violence to such a people in order to strip them of the rights they enjoy; they themselves willingly loosen their hold.... they neglect their chief business which is to remain their own masters.“ Democracy in America Volume 2

„There are many men of principle in both parties in America, but there is no party of principle.“

„What good does it do me, after all, if an ever-watchful authority keeps an eye out to ensure that my pleasures will be tranquil and races ahead of me to ward off all danger, sparing me the need even to think about such things, if that authority, even as it removes the smallest thorns from my path, is also absolute master of my liberty and my life; if it monopolizes vitality and existence to such a degree that when it languishes, everything around it must also languish; when it sleeps, everything must also sleep; and when it dies, everything must also perish?

There are some nations in Europe whose inhabitants think of themselves in a sense as colonists, indifferent to the fate of the place they live in. The greatest changes occur in their country without their cooperation. They are not even aware of precisely what has taken place. They suspect it; they have heard of the event by chance. More than that, they are unconcerned with the fortunes of their village, the safety of their streets, the fate of their church and its vestry. They think that such things have nothing to do with them, that they belong to a powerful stranger called “the government.” They enjoy these goods as tenants, without a sense of ownership, and never give a thought to how they might be improved. They are so divorced from their own interests that even when their own security and that of their children is finally compromised, they do not seek to avert the danger themselves but cross their arms and wait for the nation as a whole to come to their aid. Yet as utterly as they sacrifice their own free will, they are no fonder of obedience than anyone else. They submit, it is true, to the whims of a clerk, but no sooner is force removed than they are glad to defy the law as a defeated enemy. Thus one finds them ever wavering between servitude and license.

When a nation has reached this point, it must either change its laws and mores or perish, for the well of public virtue has run dry: in such a place one no longer finds citizens but only subjects.“
Democracy in America

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