Эрнест Резерфорд цитаты
Дата рождения: 30. Август 1871
Дата смерти: 19. Октябрь 1937
Эрне́ст Резерфо́рд; 1-й барон Резерфорд Нельсонский — британский физик новозеландского происхождения. Известен как «отец» ядерной физики. Лауреат Нобелевской премии по химии 1908 года.
В 1911 году своим знаменитым опытом рассеяния альфа-частиц доказал существование в атомах положительно заряженного ядра и отрицательно заряженных электронов вокруг него. На основе результатов опыта создал планетарную модель атома.
Цитаты Эрнест Резерфорд
All science is either physics or stamp collecting.
после получения известия о присуждении ему Нобелевской премии по химии
Источник: Короткие истории / Физики продолжают шутить http://n-t.ru/ri/fz/fzks.htm
Источник: Большая книга афоризмов (изд. 9-е, исправленное) / составитель К. В. Душенко — М.: изд-во «Эксмо», 2008.
из лекции с демонстрацией распада радия
Вариант: Теперь вы видите, что ничего не видно. А почему ничего не видно, вы сейчас увидите.
„В физике, как и во всякой науке, существует ряд основных проблем, решение которых обозначает как бы вехами тот путь, по которому развивается научная мысль. Мало кому из учёных удается поставить больше одной такой вехи. Резерфорд, как и Фарадей, поставил их несколько.“
речь в честь Резерфорда
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„Scientists are not dependent on the ideas of a single man, but on the combined wisdom of thousands“
As quoted in The Birth of a New Physics (1959) by I. Bernard Cohen
Контексте: It is not in the nature of things for any one man to make a sudden violent discovery; science goes step by step, and every man depends on the work of his predecessors. When you hear of a sudden unexpected discovery—a bolt from the blue, as it were—you can always be sure that it has grown up by the influence of one man on another, and it is this mutual influence which makes the enormous possibility of scientific advance. Scientists are not dependent on the ideas of a single man, but on the combined wisdom of thousands of men, all thinking of the same problem, and each doing his little bit to add to the great structure of knowledge which is gradually being erected.
„It was almost as incredible as if you fired a 15-inch shell at a piece of tissue paper and it came back and hit you.“
Discussing the result of an experiment where about 1 out of 8000 alpha particles were scattered backwards when fired at a thin sheet of metal foil, which led to the discovery of the atomic nucleus, as quoted in Rutherford and the Nature of the Atom (1964) by E. N. da C. Andrade, p. 111, and in Nobel Laureates in chemistry, 1901-1992 http://books.google.com/books?id=jEy67gEvIuMC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA57#v=onepage&q&f=false by Laylin K. James, p. 57
Контексте: It was quite the most incredible event that has ever happened to me in my life. It was almost as incredible as if you fired a 15-inch shell at a piece of tissue paper and it came back and hit you.
„When we have found how the nucleus of atoms is built up we shall have found the greatest secret of all — except life.“
As quoted in The Wit and Wisdom of the 20th Century : A Dictionary of Quotations (1987) by Frank S. Pepper, p. 226
Контексте: When we have found how the nucleus of atoms is built up we shall have found the greatest secret of all — except life. We shall have found the basis of everything — of the earth we walk on, of the air we breathe, of the sunshine, of our physical body itself, of everything in the world, however great or however small — except life.
„I was brought up to look at the atom as a nice hard fellow, red or grey in colour, according to taste.“
A. S. Eve, Rutherford (2013)
Контексте: The first point that arises is the atom. I was brought up to look at the atom as a nice hard fellow, red or grey in colour, according to taste. In order to explain the facts, however, the atom cannot be regarded as a sphere of material, but rather as a sort of wave motion of a peculiar kind. The theory of wave-mechanics, however bizarre it may appear... has the astonishing virtue that it works, and works in detail, so that it is now possible to understand and explain things which looked almost impossible in earlier days. One of the problems encountered is the relation between the electron, an atom and the radiation produced by them jointly; the new mechanics states the type of radiation emitted with correct numerical relations. When applied to the periodic table, a competent and laborious mathematician can predict the periodic law from first principles.
„Radioactivity is shown to be accompanied by chemical changes in which new types of matter are being continually produced. … The conclusion is drawn that these chemical changes must be sub-atomic in character.“
"The Cause and Nature of Radioactivity" in Philosophical Magazine (September 1902)
As quoted by Richard Reeves, A Force of Nature The Frontier Genius of Ernest Rutherford (2008) citing Ernest Rutherford Atom Man http://www.nzedge.com/ernest-rutherford/
As quoted in Quips, Quotes, and Quanta : An Anecdotal History of Physics (2007) by Anton Z. Capri, page 65.
Quoted by Edward Andrade in Rutherford and the Nature of the Atom http://books.google.com/books?id=VVoeXNceuVwC (1964)
Unsourced variant: We didn't have the money, so we had to think.
As quoted in Rutherford at Manchester (1962) by J. B. Birks
That which is not measurable is not science. That which is not physics is stamp collecting.
Physics is the only real science. The rest are just stamp collecting.
That which is not measurable is not science. — (which is also attributed to Lord Kelvin)
„I came into the room which was half-dark and presently spotted Lord Kelvin in the audience, and realised that I was in for trouble at the last part of my speech dealing with the age of the Earth, where my views conflicted with his.
To my relief, Kelvin fell fast asleep, but as I came to the important point, I saw the old bird sit up, open an eye and cock a baleful glance at me.
Then a sudden inspiration came, and I said Lord Kelvin had limited the age of the Earth, provided no new source [of heat] was discovered. That prophetic utterance referred to what we are now considering tonight, radium! Behold! The old boy beamed upon me.“
As quoted in "Rutherford's Timebomb" in The New Zealand (15 May 2004) http://www.nzherald.co.nz/section/1/story.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=3566551