Эрнест Резерфорд цитаты

Эрнест Резерфорд фото
8   3

Эрнест Резерфорд

Дата рождения: 30. Август 1871
Дата смерти: 19. Октябрь 1937

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Сэр Эрне́ст Резерфо́рд — британский физик новозеландского происхождения. Известен как «отец» ядерной физики. Лауреат Нобелевской премии по химии 1908 года.

В 1911 году своим знаменитым опытом рассеяния альфа-частиц доказал существование в атомах положительно заряженного ядра и отрицательно заряженных электронов вокруг него. На основе результатов опыта создал планетарную модель атома.

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Цитаты Эрнест Резерфорд

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„It was almost as incredible as if you fired a 15-inch shell at a piece of tissue paper and it came back and hit you.“

—  Ernest Rutherford
Context: It was quite the most incredible event that has ever happened to me in my life. It was almost as incredible as if you fired a 15-inch shell at a piece of tissue paper and it came back and hit you. Discussing the result of an experiment where about 1 out of 8000 alpha particles were scattered backwards when fired at a thin sheet of metal foil, which led to the discovery of the atomic nucleus, as quoted in Rutherford and the Nature of the Atom (1964) by E. N. da C. Andrade, p. 111, and in Nobel Laureates in chemistry, 1901-1992 http://books.google.com/books?id=jEy67gEvIuMC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA57#v=onepage&q&f=false by Laylin K. James, p. 57

„I was brought up to look at the atom as a nice hard fellow, red or grey in colour, according to taste.“

—  Ernest Rutherford
Context: The first point that arises is the atom. I was brought up to look at the atom as a nice hard fellow, red or grey in colour, according to taste. In order to explain the facts, however, the atom cannot be regarded as a sphere of material, but rather as a sort of wave motion of a peculiar kind. The theory of wave-mechanics, however bizarre it may appear... has the astonishing virtue that it works, and works in detail, so that it is now possible to understand and explain things which looked almost impossible in earlier days. One of the problems encountered is the relation between the electron, an atom and the radiation produced by them jointly; the new mechanics states the type of radiation emitted with correct numerical relations. When applied to the periodic table, a competent and laborious mathematician can predict the periodic law from first principles. A. S. Eve, Rutherford (2013)

„When we have found how the nucleus of atoms is built up we shall have found the greatest secret of all — except life.“

—  Ernest Rutherford
Context: When we have found how the nucleus of atoms is built up we shall have found the greatest secret of all — except life. We shall have found the basis of everything — of the earth we walk on, of the air we breathe, of the sunshine, of our physical body itself, of everything in the world, however great or however small — except life. As quoted in The Wit and Wisdom of the 20th Century : A Dictionary of Quotations‎ (1987) by Frank S. Pepper, p. 226

„Scientists are not dependent on the ideas of a single man, but on the combined wisdom of thousands“

—  Ernest Rutherford
Context: It is not in the nature of things for any one man to make a sudden violent discovery; science goes step by step, and every man depends on the work of his predecessors. When you hear of a sudden unexpected discovery—a bolt from the blue, as it were—you can always be sure that it has grown up by the influence of one man on another, and it is this mutual influence which makes the enormous possibility of scientific advance. Scientists are not dependent on the ideas of a single man, but on the combined wisdom of thousands of men, all thinking of the same problem, and each doing his little bit to add to the great structure of knowledge which is gradually being erected. As quoted in The Birth of a New Physics (1959) by I. Bernard Cohen

„I must confess it was very unexpected and I am very startled at my metamorphosis into a chemist.“

—  Ernest Rutherford
On his 1908 Nobel Prize in chemistry, as quoted in Nobel Laureates and Twentieth-Century Physics http://books.google.com/books?id=UQ3_ZwdrUUwC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA69#v=onepage&q&f=false (2004) by Mauro Dardo, p. 69

„An alleged scientific discovery has no merit unless it can be explained to a barmaid.“

—  Ernest Rutherford
As quoted in Einstein: The Man and His Achievement (1973) by G. J. Whitrow, p. 42 Variants: If you can't explain your physics to a barmaid it is probably not very good physics. As quoted in Journal of Advertising Research (March-April 1998) A theory that you can't explain to a bartender is probably no damn good. As quoted in The Language of God (2006) by Francis Collins, p. 60

„I have broken the machine and touched the ghost of matter.“

—  Ernest Rutherford
As quoted by Richard Reeves, A Force of Nature The Frontier Genius of Ernest Rutherford (2008) citing Ernest Rutherford Atom Man http://www.nzedge.com/ernest-rutherford/

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