Эрвин Шрёдингер цитаты

Эрвин Шрёдингер фото
3  0

Эрвин Шрёдингер

Дата рождения: 12. Август 1887
Дата смерти: 5. Январь 1961

Реклама

Э́рвин Ру́дольф Йо́зеф Алекса́ндр Шрёдингер — австрийский физик-теоретик, один из создателей квантовой механики. Лауреат Нобелевской премии по физике . Член ряда академий наук мира, в том числе иностранный член Академии наук СССР .

Шрёдингеру принадлежит ряд фундаментальных результатов в области квантовой теории, которые легли в основу волновой механики: он сформулировал волновые уравнения , показал тождественность развитого им формализма и матричной механики, разработал волновомеханическую теорию возмущений, получил решения ряда конкретных задач. Шрёдингер предложил оригинальную трактовку физического смысла волновой функции; в последующие годы неоднократно подвергал критике общепринятую копенгагенскую интерпретацию квантовой механики . Кроме того, он является автором множества работ в различных областях физики: статистической механике и термодинамике, физике диэлектриков, теории цвета, электродинамике, общей теории относительности и космологии; он предпринял несколько попыток построения единой теории поля. В книге «Что такое жизнь?» Шрёдингер обратился к проблемам генетики, взглянув на феномен жизни с точки зрения физики. Он уделял большое внимание философским аспектам науки, античным и восточным философским концепциям, вопросам этики и религии.

Цитаты Эрвин Шрёдингер

Реклама

„Наука есть игра, но игра не шуточная, игра в хорошо заточенные ножики… Если, к примеру, аккуратно разрезать какую-нибудь картинку на тысячу кусочков и перемешать, а потом попытаться сложить её снова – это всё равно что решить головоломку. В науке головоломку тебе задает не кто иной, как Господь. Он придумал и саму игру, и её правила, которые к тому же ты можешь и не знать полностью. Тебе предоставляется угадать или определить на свой страх недостающую половину правил.
... Результат зависит от того, насколько количество истинных правил игры, навечно установленных Господом, больше числа ложных, порожденных вследствие твоей неспособности познать истину; и если данное соотношение превысит некий предел, головоломка будет решена. Похоже, в этом и состоит весь азарт игры.“

— Эрвин Шрёдингер

„Although I think that life may be the result of an accident, I do not think that of consciousness.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: Although I think that life may be the result of an accident, I do not think that of consciousness. Consciousness cannot be accounted for in physical terms. For consciousness is absolutely fundamental. It cannot be accounted for in terms of anything else. As quoted in The Observer (11 January 1931); also in Psychic Research (1931), Vol. 25, p. 91

„Thus you can throw yourself flat on the ground, stretched out upon Mother Earth, with certain conviction that you are one with her and she with you … For eternally and always there is only now, one and the same now; the present is the only thing that has no end.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: It is not possible that this unity of knowledge, feeling and choice which you call your own should have sprung into being from nothingness at a given moment not so long ago; rather this knowledge, feeling, and choice are essentially eternal and unchangeable and numerically one in all men, nay in all sensitive beings. But not in this sense — that you are a part, a piece, of an eternal, infinite being, an aspect or modification of it... For we should then have the same baffling question: which part, which aspect are you? what, objectively, differentiates it from the others? No, but, inconceiveable as it seems to ordinary reason, you — and all other conscious beings as such — are all in all. Hence, this life of yours... is, in a certain sense, the whole... This, as we know, is what the Brahmins express in that sacred, mystic formula... 'Tat tvam asi' — this is you. Or, again, in such words as 'I am in the east and in the west, I am below and above, I am this whole world.' Thus you can throw yourself flat on the ground, stretched out upon Mother Earth, with certain conviction that you are one with her and she with you … For eternally and always there is only now, one and the same now; the present is the only thing that has no end. "The Mystic Vision" as translated in Quantum Questions: Mystical Writings of the World's Great Physicists (1984) edited by Ken Wilber

„Nature does not act by purposes.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: Nature has no reverence towards life. Nature treats life as though it were the most valueless thing in the world.... Nature does not act by purposes.

„The scientific world-picture vouchsafes a very complete understanding of all that happens — it makes it just a little too understandable.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: The scientific world-picture vouchsafes a very complete understanding of all that happens — it makes it just a little too understandable. It allows you to imagine the total display as that of a mechanical clockwork which, for all that science knows, could go on just the same as it does, without there being consciousness, will, endeavor, pain and delight and responsibility connected with it — though they actually are. And the reason for this disconcerting situation is just this: that for the purpose of constructing the picture of the external world, we have used the greatly simplifying device of cutting our own personality out, removing it; hence it is gone, it has evaporated, it is ostensibly not needed.

„Nirvana is a state of pure blissful knowledge... It has nothing to do with the individual. The ego or its separation is an illusion.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: Nirvana is a state of pure blissful knowledge... It has nothing to do with the individual. The ego or its separation is an illusion. Indeed in a certain sense two "I"'s are identical namely when one disregards all special contents — their Karma. The goal of man is to preserve his Karma and to develop it further... when man dies his Karma lives and creates for itself another carrier. Writings of July 1918, quoted in A Life of Erwin Schrödinger (1994) by Walter Moore

Реклама

„Our burning question as to the whence and whither — all we can ourselves observe about it is the present environment.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: I am born into an environment — I know not whence I came nor whither I go nor who I am. This is my situation as yours, every single one of you. The fact that everyone always was in this same situation, and always will be, tells me nothing. Our burning question as to the whence and whither — all we can ourselves observe about it is the present environment. That is why we are eager to find out about it as much as we can. That is science, learning, knowledge; it is the true source of every spiritual endeavour of man. We try to find out as much as we can about the spatial and temporal surroundings of the place in which we find ourselves put by birth…

„The observing mind is not a physical system, it cannot interact with any physical system.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: The observing mind is not a physical system, it cannot interact with any physical system. And it might be better to reserve the term "subject" for the observing mind. … For the subject, if anything, is the thing that senses and thinks. Sensations and thoughts do not belong to the "world of energy."

„This is not mere allegory, but an eternal memory.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: No self is of itself alone. It has a long chain of intellectual ancestors. The "I" is chained to ancestry by many factors … This is not mere allegory, but an eternal memory. Writings of July 1918, quoted in A Life of Erwin Schrödinger (1994) by Walter Moore

„This life of yours which you are living is not merely a piece of this entire existence, but in a certain sense the whole; only this whole is not so constituted that it can be surveyed in one single glance.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: This life of yours which you are living is not merely a piece of this entire existence, but in a certain sense the whole; only this whole is not so constituted that it can be surveyed in one single glance. This, as we know, is what the Brahmins express in that sacred, mystic formula which is yet really so simple and so clear; tat tvam asi, this is you. Or, again, in such words as "I am in the east and the west, I am above and below, I am this entire world."

Реклама

„The difference in structure is of the same kind as that between an ordinary wallpaper in which the same pattern is repeated again and again in regular periodicity and a masterpiece of embroidery, say a Raphael tapestry, which shows no dull repetition, but an elaborate, coherent, meaningful design traced by the great master.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: In physics we have dealt hitherto only with periodic crystals. To a humble physicist's mind, these are very interesting and complicated objects; they constitute one of the most fascinating and complex material structures by which inanimate nature puzzles his wits. Yet, compared with the aperiodic crystal, they are rather plain and dull. The difference in structure is of the same kind as that between an ordinary wallpaper in which the same pattern is repeated again and again in regular periodicity and a masterpiece of embroidery, say a Raphael tapestry, which shows no dull repetition, but an elaborate, coherent, meaningful design traced by the great master.

„Sensations and thoughts do not belong to the "world of energy."“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: The observing mind is not a physical system, it cannot interact with any physical system. And it might be better to reserve the term "subject" for the observing mind. … For the subject, if anything, is the thing that senses and thinks. Sensations and thoughts do not belong to the "world of energy."

„If I say that there cannot be more than one consciousness in the same mind, this seems a blunt tautology — we are quite unable to imagine the contrary...“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: Consciousness is never experienced in the plural, only in the singular. Not only has none of us ever experienced more than one consciousness, but there is also no trace of circumstantial evidence of this ever happening anywhere in the world. If I say that there cannot be more than one consciousness in the same mind, this seems a blunt tautology — we are quite unable to imagine the contrary... "The Oneness of Mind", as translated in Quantum Questions: Mystical Writings of the World's Great Physicists (1984) edited by Ken Wilber

„I am born into an environment — I know not whence I came nor whither I go nor who I am.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: I am born into an environment — I know not whence I came nor whither I go nor who I am. This is my situation as yours, every single one of you. The fact that everyone always was in this same situation, and always will be, tells me nothing. Our burning question as to the whence and whither — all we can ourselves observe about it is the present environment. That is why we are eager to find out about it as much as we can. That is science, learning, knowledge; it is the true source of every spiritual endeavour of man. We try to find out as much as we can about the spatial and temporal surroundings of the place in which we find ourselves put by birth…

Далее
Годовщины сегодня
Кристина Агилера фото
Кристина Агилера31
американская певица, автор песен, танцовщица, актриса, пр... 1980
Другие 67 годовщин
Подобные авторы
Эрнст Мах фото
Эрнст Мах1
австрийский физик и философ-позитивист
Виктор Фредерик Вайскопф фото
Виктор Фредерик Вайскопф
американский физик австрийского происхождения
Фёрстер, Хейнц фон фото
Фёрстер, Хейнц фон
австрийский физик
Эренфест, Пауль фото
Эренфест, Пауль
австрийский и нидерландский физик-теоретик
Кон, Вальтер фото
Кон, Вальтер
американский физик-теоретик австрийского происхождения
Оскар Кокошка фото
Оскар Кокошка
австрийский художник и писатель
Анна Австрийская фото
Анна Австрийская1
королева Франции
Феликс Баумгартнер фото
Феликс Баумгартнер1
Австрийский парашютист, бейсджампер