Эрвин Шрёдингер цитаты

Эрвин Шрёдингер фото
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Эрвин Шрёдингер

Дата рождения: 12. Август 1887
Дата смерти: 5. Январь 1961

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Э́рвин Ру́дольф Йо́зеф Алекса́ндр Шрёдингер — австрийский физик-теоретик, один из создателей квантовой механики. Лауреат Нобелевской премии по физике . Член ряда академий наук мира, в том числе иностранный член Академии наук СССР .

Шрёдингеру принадлежит ряд фундаментальных результатов в области квантовой теории, которые легли в основу волновой механики: он сформулировал волновые уравнения , показал тождественность развитого им формализма и матричной механики, разработал волновомеханическую теорию возмущений, получил решения ряда конкретных задач. Шрёдингер предложил оригинальную трактовку физического смысла волновой функции; в последующие годы неоднократно подвергал критике общепринятую копенгагенскую интерпретацию квантовой механики . Кроме того, он является автором множества работ в различных областях физики: статистической механике и термодинамике, физике диэлектриков, теории цвета, электродинамике, общей теории относительности и космологии; он предпринял несколько попыток построения единой теории поля. В книге «Что такое жизнь?» Шрёдингер обратился к проблемам генетики, взглянув на феномен жизни с точки зрения физики. Он уделял большое внимание философским аспектам науки, античным и восточным философским концепциям, вопросам этики и религии.

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Цитаты Эрвин Шрёдингер

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„Наука есть игра, но игра не шуточная, игра в хорошо заточенные ножики… Если, к примеру, аккуратно разрезать какую-нибудь картинку на тысячу кусочков и перемешать, а потом попытаться сложить её снова – это всё равно что решить головоломку. В науке головоломку тебе задает не кто иной, как Господь. Он придумал и саму игру, и её правила, которые к тому же ты можешь и не знать полностью. Тебе предоставляется угадать или определить на свой страх недостающую половину правил.
... Результат зависит от того, насколько количество истинных правил игры, навечно установленных Господом, больше числа ложных, порожденных вследствие твоей неспособности познать истину; и если данное соотношение превысит некий предел, головоломка будет решена. Похоже, в этом и состоит весь азарт игры.“

— Эрвин Шрёдингер

„Our burning question as to the whence and whither — all we can ourselves observe about it is the present environment.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: I am born into an environment — I know not whence I came nor whither I go nor who I am. This is my situation as yours, every single one of you. The fact that everyone always was in this same situation, and always will be, tells me nothing. Our burning question as to the whence and whither — all we can ourselves observe about it is the present environment. That is why we are eager to find out about it as much as we can. That is science, learning, knowledge; it is the true source of every spiritual endeavour of man. We try to find out as much as we can about the spatial and temporal surroundings of the place in which we find ourselves put by birth…

„Sensations and thoughts do not belong to the "world of energy."“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: The observing mind is not a physical system, it cannot interact with any physical system. And it might be better to reserve the term "subject" for the observing mind. … For the subject, if anything, is the thing that senses and thinks. Sensations and thoughts do not belong to the "world of energy."

„Although I think that life may be the result of an accident, I do not think that of consciousness.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: Although I think that life may be the result of an accident, I do not think that of consciousness. Consciousness cannot be accounted for in physical terms. For consciousness is absolutely fundamental. It cannot be accounted for in terms of anything else. As quoted in The Observer (11 January 1931); also in Psychic Research (1931), Vol. 25, p. 91

„Science sometimes pretends to answer questions in these domains, but the answers are very often so silly that we are not inclined to take them seriously.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: I am very astonished that the scientific picture of the real world around me is deficient. It gives a lot of factual information, puts all our experience in a magnificently consistent order, but it is ghastly silent about all and sundry that is really near to our heart, that really matters to us. It cannot tell us a word about red and blue, bitter and sweet, physical pain and physical delight; it knows nothing of beautiful and ugly, good or bad, God and eternity. Science sometimes pretends to answer questions in these domains, but the answers are very often so silly that we are not inclined to take them seriously.

„We do not belong to this material world that science constructs for us. We are not in it; we are outside. We are only spectators.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: We do not belong to this material world that science constructs for us. We are not in it; we are outside. We are only spectators. The reason why we believe that we are in it, that we belong to the picture, is that our bodies are in the picture. Our bodies belong to it. Not only my own body, but those of my friends, also of my dog and cat and horse, and of all the other people and animals. And this is my only means of communicating with them.

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„Consciousness is never experienced in the plural, only in the singular.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: Consciousness is never experienced in the plural, only in the singular. Not only has none of us ever experienced more than one consciousness, but there is also no trace of circumstantial evidence of this ever happening anywhere in the world. If I say that there cannot be more than one consciousness in the same mind, this seems a blunt tautology — we are quite unable to imagine the contrary... "The Oneness of Mind", as translated in Quantum Questions: Mystical Writings of the World's Great Physicists (1984) edited by Ken Wilber

„The world is given to me only once, not one existing and one perceived. Subject and object are only one.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: The world is given to me only once, not one existing and one perceived. Subject and object are only one. The barrier between them cannot be said to have broken down as a result of recent experience in the physical sciences, for this barrier does not exist. <!-- p. 127

„We cannot, however, manage to make do with such old, familiar, and seemingly indispensable terms as "real" or "only possible"; we are never in a position to say what really is or what really happens, but we can only say what will be observed in any concrete individual case.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: Conditions are admittedly such that we can always manage to make do in each concrete individual case without the two different aspects leading to different expectations as to the result of certain experiments. We cannot, however, manage to make do with such old, familiar, and seemingly indispensable terms as "real" or "only possible"; we are never in a position to say what really is or what really happens, but we can only say what will be observed in any concrete individual case. Will we have to be permanently satisfied with this...? On principle, yes. On principle, there is nothing new in the postulate that in the end exact science should aim at nothing more than the description of what can really be observed. The question is only whether from now on we shall have to refrain from tying description to a clear hypothesis about the real nature of the world. There are many who wish to pronounce such abdication even today. But I believe that this means making things a little too easy for oneself. "The Fundamental Idea of Wave Mechanics", Nobel lecture, (12 December 1933)

„What is this Self of yours? What was the necessary condition for making the thing conceived this time into you, just you and not someone else?“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: For thousands of years men have striven and suffered and begotten and women have brought forth in pain. A hundred years ago, perhaps, another man sat on this spot; like you he gazed with awe and yearning in his heart at the dying light on the glaciers. Like you he was begotten of man and born of woman. He felt pain and brief joy as you do. Was he someone else? Was it not you yourself? What is this Self of yours? What was the necessary condition for making the thing conceived this time into you, just you and not someone else? "Seek for the Road" (1925)

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„In itself, the insight is not new. The earliest records, to my knowledge, date back some 2500 years or more... the recognition ATMAN = BRAHMAN (the personal self equals the omnipresent, all-comprehending eternal self) was in Indian thought considered, far from being blasphemous, to represent the quintessence of deepest insight into the happenings of the world.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: In itself, the insight is not new. The earliest records, to my knowledge, date back some 2500 years or more... the recognition ATMAN = BRAHMAN (the personal self equals the omnipresent, all-comprehending eternal self) was in Indian thought considered, far from being blasphemous, to represent the quintessence of deepest insight into the happenings of the world. The striving of all the scholars of Vedanta was after having learnt to pronounce with their lips, really assimilate in their minds this grandest of all thoughts. Again, the mystics of many centuries, independently, yet in perfect harmony with each other (somewhat like the particles in an ideal gas) have described, each of them, the unique experience of his or her life in terms that can be condensed in the phrase: DEUS FACTUS SUM (I have become God). To Western ideology, the thought has remained a stranger... in spite of those true lovers who, as they look into each other's eyes, become aware that their thought and their joy are numerically one, not merely similar or identical... "The I That Is God" as translated in Quantum Questions: Mystical Writings of the World's Great Physicists (1984) edited by Ken Wilber

„So with all due acknowledgement to the fact that physical theory is at all times relative, in that it depends on certain basic assumptions, we may, or so I believe, assert that physical theory in its present stage strongly suggests the indestructibility of Mind by Time.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: To my view the ‘statistical theory of time’ has an even stronger bearing on the philosophy of time than the theory of relativity. The latter, however revolutionary, leaves untouched the undirectional flow of time, which it presupposes, while the statistical theory constructs it from the order of events. This means a liberation from the tyranny of old Chronos. What we in our minds construct ourselves cannot, so I feel, have dictatorial power over our mind, neither the power of bringing it to the fore nor the power of annihilating it. But some of you, I am sure, will call this mysticism. So with all due acknowledgement to the fact that physical theory is at all times relative, in that it depends on certain basic assumptions, we may, or so I believe, assert that physical theory in its present stage strongly suggests the indestructibility of Mind by Time.

„The plurality that we perceive is only an appearance; it is not real.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: The plurality that we perceive is only an appearance; it is not real. Vedantic philosophy... has sought to clarify it by a number of analogies, one of the most attractive being the many-faceted crystal which, while showing hundreds of little pictures of what is in reality a single existent object, does not really multiply that object... "The Mystic Vision" as translated in Quantum Questions: Mystical Writings of the World's Great Physicists (1984) edited by Ken Wilber

„God knows I am no friend of probability theory, I have hated it from the first moment when our dear friend Max Born gave it birth. For it could be seen how easy and simple it made everything, in principle, everything ironed and the true problems concealed. Everybody must jump on the bandwagon [Ausweg]. And actually not a year passed before it became an official credo, and it still is.“

— Erwin Schrödinger
Context: God knows I am no friend of probability theory, I have hated it from the first moment when our dear friend Max Born gave it birth. For it could be seen how easy and simple it made everything, in principle, everything ironed and the true problems concealed. Everybody must jump on the bandwagon [Ausweg]. And actually not a year passed before it became an official credo, and it still is. Letter to Albert Einstein (13 June 1946), as quoted by Walter Moore in Schrödinger: Life and Thought (1989) <!-- p. 435 -->

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