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Фредерик Бастиа

Дата рождения: 29. Июнь 1801
Дата смерти: 24. Декабрь 1850

Фредери́к Ба́стиа — французский либеральный экономист, сторонник свободной торговли. Выступал за свободу предпринимательства — решающее условие установления социальной гармонии в обществе. Сторонник тезиса о взаимовыгодном сосуществовании труда и капитала, предшественник Австрийской экономической школы.


„Налог — это грабёж по закону.“

„Протекционизм жертвует потребителем ради производителя, то есть целью ради средства.“


„Когда грабёж становится способом жизни группы людей, они вскоре создают для себя легальную систему, которая разрешает это, и моральный код, который прославляет это.“

„Вся разница между плохими и хорошими экономистами в том, что первые замечают лишь очевидные последствия, а вторые принимают в расчёт также и те, которые надо предвидеть.“

„Socialism, like the ancient ideas from which it springs, confuses the distinction between government and society. As a result of this, every time we object to a thing being done by government, the socialists conclude that we object to its being done at all. We disapprove of state education. Then the socialists say that we are opposed to any education. We object to a state religion. Then the socialists say that we want no religion at all. We object to a state-enforced equality. Then they say that we are against equality. And so on, and so on. It is as if the socialists were to accuse us of not wanting persons to eat because we do not want the state to raise grain.“ The Law

„The state is that great fiction by which everyone tries to live at the expense of everyone else.“

„If the natural tendencies of mankind are so bad that it is not safe to permit people to be free, how is it that the tendencies of these organizers are always good? Do not the legislators and their appointed agents also belong to the human race? Or do they believe that they themselves are made of a finer clay than the rest of mankind?“ The Law

„Life, liberty, and property do not exist because men have made laws. On the contrary, it was the fact that life, liberty, and property existed beforehand that caused men to make laws in the first place.“ The Law


„Everyone wants to live at the expense of the state. They forget that the state lives at the expense of everyone.“

„But how is this legal plunder to be identified? Quite simply. See if the law takes from some persons what belongs to them and gives it to other persons to whom it does not belong. See if the law benefits one citizen at the expense of another by doing what the citizen himself cannot do without committing a crime.“ The Law

„Ah, you miserable creatures! You who think that you are so great! You who judge humanity to be so small! You who wish to reform everything! Why don't you reform yourselves? That task would be sufficient enough.“

„When goods do not cross borders, soldiers will.“


„When plunder becomes a way of life for a group of men in a society, over the course of time they create for themselves a legal system that authorizes it and a moral code that glorifies it.“

„Government is the great fiction, through which everybody endeavors to live at the expense of everybody else.“

„The worst thing that can happen to a good cause is, not to be skillfully attacked, but to be ineptly defended.“

„Now, legal plunder can be committed in an infinite number of ways. Thus we have an infinite number of plans for organizing it: tariffs, protection, benefits, subsidies, encouragements, progressive taxation, public schools, guaranteed jobs, guaranteed profits, minimum wages, a right to relief, a right to the tools of labor, free credit, and so on, and so on.“ The Law

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