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Мальтус, Томас

Дата рождения: 14. Февраль 1766
Дата смерти: 29. Декабрь 1834

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То́мас Ро́берт Ма́льтус — английский священник и учёный, демограф и экономист, автор теории, согласно которой неконтролируемый рост народонаселения должен привести к голоду на Земле.

Цитаты Мальтус, Томас

„There must therefore be a considerable class of persons who have both the will and power to consume more material wealth then they produce, or the mercantile classes could not continue profitably to produce so much more than they consume.“

— Thomas Robert Malthus
Context: But such consumption is not consistent with the actual habits of the generality of capitalists. The great object of their lives is to save a fortune, both because it is their duty to make a provision for their families, and because they cannot spend an income with so much comfort to themselves, while they are obliged perhaps to attend a counting house for seven or eight hours a day... ... There must therefore be a considerable class of persons who have both the will and power to consume more material wealth then they produce, or the mercantile classes could not continue profitably to produce so much more than they consume. Book II, Chapter I, On the Progress of Wealth, Section IX, p. 400 (See also: David Ricardo and aggregate demand)

„The greatest talents have been frequently misapplied and have produced evil proportionate to the extent of their powers.“

— Thomas Robert Malthus
Context: The greatest talents have been frequently misapplied and have produced evil proportionate to the extent of their powers. Both reason and revelation seem to assure us that such minds will be condemned to eternal death, but while on earth, these vicious instruments performed their part in the great mass of impressions, by the disgust and abhorrence which they excited. Chapter XIX, paragraph 2, lines 1-6

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„Every exchange which takes place in a country, effects a distribution of its produce better adapted to the wants of society....“

— Thomas Robert Malthus
Context: Every exchange which takes place in a country, effects a distribution of its produce better adapted to the wants of society.... If two districts, one of which possessed a rich copper mine, and the other a rich tin mine, had always been separated by an impassable river or mountain, there can be no doubt that an opening of a communication, a greater demand would take place, and a greater price be given for both the tin and the copper; and this greater price of both metals, though it might be only temporary, would alone go a great way towards furnishing the additional capital wanted to supply the additional demand; and the capitals of both districts, and the products of both mines, would be increased both in quantity and value to a degree which could not have taken place without the this new distribution of the produce, or some equivalent to it. Book II, Chapter I, On the Progress of Wealth, Section VIII, p. 382-383

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