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Вудро Вильсон

Дата рождения: 28. Декабрь 1856
Дата смерти: 3. Февраль 1924
Другие имена: Томас Вудро Вильсон

То́мас Ву́дро Ви́льсон — 28-й президент США . Известен также как историк и политолог. Лауреат Нобелевской премии мира 1919 года, присуждённой ему за миротворческие усилия.

Будучи кандидатом от Демократической партии, он был избран губернатором штата Нью-Джерси в 1910 году, а в 1912 году — президентом США, когда голоса сторонников республиканцев раскололись между Теодором Рузвельтом и Уильямом Тафтом. Был переизбран в 1916 году. Второй срок его президентства был отмечен вступлением США в Первую мировую войну и активными дипломатическими усилиями Вильсона по мирному урегулированию, выраженными в «Четырнадцати пунктах». Вильсон стал первым президентом США, посетившим с официальным визитом Европу . Предложения Вильсона были положены в основу Версальского договора. Вильсон был одним из инициаторов создания Лиги Наций, однако Сенат США отказал во вступлении в эту организацию. В 1913 году Вильсон подписал законопроект о создании Федеральной резервной системы, которая выполняет роль центрального банка США, имеет инструменты государственного влияния, но форма собственности капитала является частной — акционерная с особым статусом акций. Находился под сильным влиянием полковника Хауса.



„Přátelství je jediným tmelem, který kdy bude držet svět pohromadě.“

„You are not here merely to make a living. You are here in order to enable the world to live more amply, with greater vision, with a finer spirit of hope and achievement. You are here to enrich the world, and you impoverish yourself if you forget the errand.“


„You are here in order to enable the world to live more amply, with greater vision, with a finer spirit of hope and achievement. You are here to enrich the world.“

„You have the greatest soul, the noblest nature, the sweetest, most loving heart I have ever known, and my love, my reverence, my admiration for you, you have increased in one evening as I should have thought only a lifetime of intimate, loving association could have increased them. You are more wonderful and lovely in my eyes than you ever were before; and my pride and joy and gratitude that you should love me with such a perfect love are beyond all expression, except in some great poem which I cannot write.“

„Liberty has never come from the government. Liberty has always come from the subjects of the government. The history of government is a history of resistance. The history of liberty is the history of the limitation of government, not the increase of it.“

„We grow great by dreams. All big men are dreamers. They see things in the soft haze of a spring day or in the red fire of a long winter's evening. Some of us let these dreams die, but others nourish and protect them; nurse them through bad days till they bring them to the sunshine and light which comes always to those who sincerely hope that their dreams will come true.“

„A conservative is a man who sits and thinks, mostly sits.“

„I would rather lose in a cause that will some day win, than win in a cause that will some day lose!“


„The government, which was designed for the people, has got into the hands of the bosses and their employers, the special interests. An invisible empire has been set up above the forms of democracy.“

„Since I entered politics, I have chiefly had men's views confided to me privately. Some of the biggest men in the United States, in the field of commerce and manufacture, are afraid of something. They know that there is a power somewhere so organized, so subtle, so watchful, so interlocked, so complete, so pervasive, that they better not speak above their breath when they speak in condemnation of it.“ The New Freedom

„The seed of revolution is repression.“

„We forget that there is much more patriotism in having the audacity to differ from the majority than in running before the crowd; we forget that in the resistance of the minority some of the biggest things in our own history have been accomplished, and the man who looks on the Stars and Stripes and doesn't hold a right to say nay to his neighbor, even if the neighbor is of the larger party, has forgotten the history of his country.“


„I come from the South and I know what war is, for I have seen its terrible wreckage and ruin. It is easy for me as President to declare war. I do not have to fight, and neither do the gentlemen on the Hill who now clamor for it. It is some poor farmer's boy, or the son of some poor widow - who will have to do the fighting and dying.“

„Freindship is the only cement that will ever hold the world together.“

„War isn’t declared in the name of God; it is a human affair entirely.“

„Only peace between equals can last.“

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