Жак Деррида цитаты

Жак Деррида фото
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Жак Деррида

Дата рождения: 15. Июль 1930
Дата смерти: 9. Октябрь 2004

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Жак Деррида́ — французский философ и теоретик литературы, создатель концепции деконструкции. Один из самых влиятельных философов конца ХХ века, Деррида игнорируется в англо-американской традиции аналитической философии :201.

Основная цель Деррида — борьба с европейской философской традицией:661 с помощью созданного им проекта деконструкции. Для Деррида такая борьба имеет позитивный смысл и позволяет обновить понимание места человека в мире. Деррида постоянно подвергался критике по самым разным вопросам: от упрёков в излишней педантичности при анализе текстов до обвинений в обскурантизме. Философ старался отвечать своим многочисленным оппонентам – от Серля до Фуко и Хабермаса.

В своих работах Деррида затрагивал широкий круг вопросов — от онтологических и эпистемологических проблем философской традиции до проблем языка, литературы, эстетики, психоанализа, религии, политики и этики:138.

В поздний период Деррида сосредоточился на этико-политической проблематике.

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Цитаты Жак Деррида

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„The history of metaphysics, like the history of the West, is the history of these metaphors and metonymies. It’s matrix—If you will pardon me for demonstrating so little and for being elliptical in order to come more quickly to my principle theme—is the determination of Being as presence in all sense of this word.“

—  Jacques Derrida
Context: The history of metaphysics, like the history of the West, is the history of these metaphors and metonymies. It’s matrix—If you will pardon me for demonstrating so little and for being elliptical in order to come more quickly to my principle theme—is the determination of Being as presence in all sense of this word. Structure, Sign and Play

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„The time is out of joint. The world is going badly. It is worn but its wear no longer counts. Old age or youth-one no longer counts in that way. The world has more than one age. We lack the measure of the measure. We no longer realize the wear, we no longer take account of it as of a single age in the progress of history. Neither maturation, nor crisis, nor even agony. Something else. What is happening is happening to age itself, it strikes a blow at the teleological order of history. What is coming, in which the untimely appears, is happening to time but it does not happen in time. Contretemps. The time is out of joint.“

—  Jacques Derrida
Context: The time is out of joint. The world is going badly. It is worn but its wear no longer counts. Old age or youth-one no longer counts in that way. The world has more than one age. We lack the measure of the measure. We no longer realize the wear, we no longer take account of it as of a single age in the progress of history. Neither maturation, nor crisis, nor even agony. Something else. What is happening is happening to age itself, it strikes a blow at the teleological order of history. What is coming, in which the untimely appears, is happening to time but it does not happen in time. Contretemps. The time is out of joint. Theatrical speech, Hamlet's speech before the theater of the world, of history, and of politics. The age is off its hinges. Everything, beginning with time, seems out of kilter, unjust, dis-adjusted. The world is going very badly, it wears as it grows, as the Painter also says at the beginning of Timon of Athens (which is Marx's play, is it not). For, this time, it is a painter's speech, as if he were speaking of a spectacle or before a tableau: "How goes the world?-It wears, sir, as it grows. Wear and Tears (tableu of a ageless world)

„The age is off its hinges. Everything, beginning with time, seems out of kilter, unjust, dis-adjusted. The world is going very badly, it wears as it grows“

—  Jacques Derrida
Context: The time is out of joint. The world is going badly. It is worn but its wear no longer counts. Old age or youth-one no longer counts in that way. The world has more than one age. We lack the measure of the measure. We no longer realize the wear, we no longer take account of it as of a single age in the progress of history. Neither maturation, nor crisis, nor even agony. Something else. What is happening is happening to age itself, it strikes a blow at the teleological order of history. What is coming, in which the untimely appears, is happening to time but it does not happen in time. Contretemps. The time is out of joint. Theatrical speech, Hamlet's speech before the theater of the world, of history, and of politics. The age is off its hinges. Everything, beginning with time, seems out of kilter, unjust, dis-adjusted. The world is going very badly, it wears as it grows, as the Painter also says at the beginning of Timon of Athens (which is Marx's play, is it not). For, this time, it is a painter's speech, as if he were speaking of a spectacle or before a tableau: "How goes the world?-It wears, sir, as it grows. Wear and Tears (tableu of a ageless world)

„Monsters cannot be announced. One cannot say: 'here are our monsters', without immediately turning the monsters into pets.“

—  Jacques Derrida
Some Statements and Truisms about Neologisms, Newisms, Postisms, Parasitisms, and other small Seismisms, The States of Theory, ed. David Carroll, New York: Columbia University Press, 1989.

„I speak only one language, and it is not my own.“

—  Jacques Derrida, Monolingualism of the Other: or, The Prosthesis of Origin

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