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Альфред де Виньи

Дата рождения: 27. Март 1797
Дата смерти: 17. Сентябрь 1863

Альфре́д Викто́р де Виньи́ — граф, французский писатель.

Крупнейший представитель французского аристократического, консервативного романтизма. Родом из старинной дворянской семьи, активно боровшейся против революции; некоторые члены его семьи погибли на гильотине. Вошёл в жизнь с сознанием обречённости своего класса. «Ещё в лицее, — говорил он впоследствии, — я почувствовал, что происхожу из проклятой расы». В 15 лет поступил на военную службу; состоял в охране Людовика XVIII, когда тот во время «Ста дней» бежал. Оставался военным до 1827, но ни разу не участвовал в сражениях. По его собственным словам, «видел рабство армии, но не знал её величия» .


„Самая лучшая из муз не прокормит человека, эти девицы годятся только в любовницы, а не в жёны.“

„Честь — это совесть, но совесть болезненно чуткая. Это уважение к самому себе и к достоинству собственной жизни, доведенное до крайней степени чистоты и до величайшей страстности.“


„I have a private theory, Sir, that there are no heroes and no monsters in this world. Only children should be allowed to use these words“ Stello

„I admit that I myself am far from having a complete command of every topic I touch on, but my knowledge of my subject is always greater than the interest or the understanding of my auditors. You see, there is one very good thing about mankind; the mediocre masses make very few demands of the mediocrities of a higher order, submitting stupidly and cheerfully to their guidance“ Stello

„Hope is the greatest madness. What can we expect of a world that we enter with the assurance of seeing our fathers and mothers die? A world where, if two beings love each other and give their lives to each other, both can be sure that one will watch the other perish?“ Stello

„The loveliest Muse in the world does not feed her owner; these girls make fine mistresses but terrible wives“ Stello

„To hold power has always meant to manipulate idiots and circumstances; and those circumstances and those idiots, tossed together, bring about those coincidences to which even the greatest men confess they owe most of their fame“ Stello

„The first among mankind will always be those who make something imperishable out of a sheet of paper, a canvas, a piece of marble, or a few sounds“ Stello


„Oh, I have a habit of letting myself be lectured on the things I know best. I like to see if they are understood in the same way I understand; for there are many ways of knowing the same thing“ Stello

„We have also set up for them an edifying project for a continuous mitigation of their own tyranny, ascribing to them an unshakeable faith in the triumph of virtue, as well as in the moral justification of their crimes. These are the theories of well-meaning children who see everything in black or white, dream of nothing but angels or demons, and have no idea of the incredible number of hypocritical masks of every color and shape and size which men use to conceal their features when they have passed the age of devotion to ideals and have abandoned themselves unrestrainedly to their egotistic desires“ Stello

„One is always a good master when one isn’t the master“ Stello

„Observe this fact: in the history of mankind, every ruler who has lacked personal greatness has been forced to compensate for the deficiency by setting up the executioner at his right hand like a guardian angel“ Stello


„Those intellectuals are our natural enemies; the only kind who are worth anything are the musicians and the dancers: they don’t insult anybody with their performances, and they neither sing nor dance politics. So I like them; but don’t let me hear a word about the rest“ Stello

„Not one little fellow need fear that he will be forbidden to pluck his shining grape from the cluster of political Power, that fruit reputed to be so full of wealth and glory. Can’t every gang become a club? and every club an assembly? an assembly, a convention? a convention, a senate? and isn’t a senate meant to rule? And what senate ever ruled without a man to rule it? And what did it all require? – Daring! – Aha! Well said! – What! is that all it takes? – Yes, all! The ones who have arrived say so. – Then courage, numskulls, give tongue and run for it! – That’s how it’s done“ Stello

„Quand on voir ce qu'on fut sur terre et ce qu'on lassie/ Seul le silence est grand tout le reste est faiblesse.“

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