Антонио Грамши цитаты

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Антонио Грамши

Дата рождения: 22. Январь 1891
Дата смерти: 27. Апрель 1937

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Анто́нио Гра́мши — итальянский философ, журналист и политический деятель; основатель и руководитель Итальянской коммунистической партии и теоретик марксизма. Считается одним из основоположников неомарксизма; к его идеям апеллировали как новые левые, так и сторонники еврокоммунизма. Своим предшественником и в критике либерализма и фашизма, и в своей позитивной программе его считают также представители современного идеологического коммунитаризма и многие континентальные новые правые.

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Цитаты Антонио Грамши

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„I’m a pessimist because of intelligence, but an optimist because of will.“

— Antonio Gramsci, Gramsci's Prison Letters
Letter from Prison (19 December 1929); also attributed to Romain Rolland.

„The old world is dying, and the new world struggles to be born: now is the time of monsters.“

— Antonio Gramsci, Selections from the Prison Notebooks
Loose translation, commonly attributed to Gramsci by Slavoj Žižek, presumably formulation by Žižek (see below). Presumably a translation from a loose French translation by Gustave Massiah; strict English with cognate terms and glosses: Le vieux monde se meurt, le nouveau monde tarde à apparaître et dans ce clair-obscur surgissent les monstres The old world is dying, the new world tardy (slow) to appear and in this chiaroscuro (light-dark) surge (emerge) monsters. “ Mongo Beti, une conscience noire, africaine, universelle http://www.liberationafrique.org/imprimersans.php3?id_article=16&nom_site=Lib%C3%A9ration”, Gustave Massiah, CEDETIM, août 2002 ( archive https://web.archive.org/web/20160304061734/http://www.liberationafrique.org/imprimersans.php3?id_article=16&nom_site=Lib%C3%A9ration, 2016-03-04) “Mongo Beti, a Black, African, Universal Conscience”, Gustave Massiah, CEDETIM, August 2002 Collected in: Remember Mongo Beti, Ambroise Kom, 2003, p. 149 https://books.google.com/books?id=6YgdAQAAIAAJ&q=%22Le+vieux+monde+se+meurt,+le+nouveau+monde+tarde+%C3%A0+appara%C3%AEtre+et+dans+ce+clair-obscur+surgissent+les+monstres%22. Original, with literal English translation (see above): La crisi consiste appunto nel fatto che il vecchio muore e il nuovo non può nascere: in questo interregno si verificano i fenomeni morbosi piú svariati. The crisis consists precisely in the fact that the old is dying and the new cannot be born; in this interregnum a great variety of morbid symptoms appear. Similar sentiments are widespread in revolutionary rhetoric; see: No, Žižek did not attribute a Goebbels quote to Gramsci http://thecharnelhouse.org/2015/07/03/no-zizek-did-not-attribute-a-goebbels-quote-to-gramsci/, Ross Wolfe, 2015-07-03

„All men are intellectuals: but not all men have in society the function of intellectuals.“

— Antonio Gramsci, Selections from the Prison Notebooks
Selections from the Prison Notebooks (1971).

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„The crisis consists precisely in the fact that the old is dying and the new cannot be born; in this interregnum a great variety of morbid symptoms appear.“

— Antonio Gramsci, Prison Notebooks
:s:Pagina:Gramsci - Quaderni del carcere, Einaudi, I.djvu/318 § (34). Passato e presente. English translation Selections from the Prison Notebooks, “Wave of Materialism” and “Crisis of Authority” (NY: International Publishers), (1971), pp. 275-276. Prison Notebooks Volume II, Notebook 3, 1930, (2011 edition) SS-34, Past and Present 32-33,

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„History teaches, but it has no pupils.“

— Antonio Gramsci
Letter from Prison (21 June 1919), translated by Hamish Henderson, .

„The long march through the institutions.“

— Antonio Gramsci
Due to , who coined it in 1967 as „Der lange Marsch durch die Institutionen“. See Strategy, Hegemony & ‘The Long March’: Gramsci’s Lessons for the Antiwar Movement http://carldavidson.blogspot.com/2006/04/strategy-hegemony-long-march.html, by Carl Davidson, April 06, 2006. It was popularized in the , and Dutschke’s posthumous 1980 work is titled Mein langer Marsch (My long March). See Marsch durch die Institutionen at German Wikipedia for extensive discussion. A reference to the of the Chinese Communist Red Army in 1934 & 1935; note that Gramsci died in 1937. Various corruptions include “through the culture” or “slow march”. Widely attributed to Gramsci, Joseph A. Buttigieg http://english.nd.edu/faculty/profiles/joseph-a-buttigieg/, the editor of the English critical edition of Gramsci’s Prison Notebooks asserts that the phrase does not originate with Gramsci. Footnote 21, page 50, reads: [“long march through the institutions”<sup>21</sup>] “This phrase is not Gramsci’s, even though it is ubiquitously attributed to him.” The idea is connected with Gramsci's theory of , but does not originate with him – he called the concept a “war of position”.

„It is all a matter of comparing one’s own life with something worse and consoling oneself with the relativity of human fortunes. When I was eight or nine I had an experience which came clearly to mind when I read your advice. I used to know a family in a little village near mine: father, mother and sons: they were small landowners and had an inn. Very energetic people, especially the woman. I knew (I had heard) that besides the sons we knew, this woman had another son nobody had seen, who was spoken of in whispers, as if he were a great disgrace for the mother, an idiot, a monster or worse. I remember that my mother referred to this woman often as a martyr, who made great sacrifices for this son, and put up with great sorrows. One Sunday morning about ten, I was sent to this woman’s: I had to deliver some crocheting and get the money. I found her shutting the door, dressed up to go out to mass, she had a hamper under her arm. On seeing me she hesitated then decided. She told me to accompany her to a certain place, and that she would take delivery and give me the money on our return. She took me out of the village, into an orchard filled with rubbish and plaster; in one corner there was a sort of pig sty, about four feet high, and windowless, with only a strong door. She opened the door and I could hear an animal-like howling. Inside was her son, a robust boy of 18, who couldn’t stand up and hence scraped along on his seat to the door, as far as he was permitted to move by a chain linked to his waist and attached to the ring in the wall. He was covered with filth, and his eyes shone red, like those of a nocturnal animal. His mother dumped the contents of her basket – a mixed mess of household leftovers – into a stone trough. She filled another trough with water, and we left. I said nothing to my mother about what I had seen, so great an impression it had made on me, and so convinced was I that nobody would believe me. Nor when I later heard of the misery which had befallen that poor mother, did I interrupt to talk of the misery of the poor human wreck who had such a mother.“

— Antonio Gramsci
Gramsci, 1965, p. 737 cited in Davidson, 1977, p. 35.

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