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Дэй, Дороти

Дата рождения: 8. Ноябрь 1897
Дата смерти: 29. Ноябрь 1980

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Дороти Дэй — американская журналистка, общественная деятельница, активистка и одна из основателей Движения католических рабочих, сторонница философии дистрибутизма . В 1930-х годах активно участвовала не только в рабочем, но и в пацифистском и антивоенном движении . Сама себя нередко называла анархисткой.

Родилась в протестантской семье, имела трёх братьев и одну сестру. В юности забеременела от своего любовника, но по его требованию была вынуждена пойти на аборт. Вышла замуж сначала за богатого издателя, но этот брак вскоре распался, после чего она вышла замуж вторично и родила дочь.

В 1914-1916 годах она училась в Иллинойсском университете, заинтересовавшись во время обучения работами Маркса и других социалистических авторов, вступив затем в Социалистическую партию. С 1916 года, вернувшись в Нью-Йорк, и до 1918 года работала журналисткой в ряде газет, затем два года была медсестрой, после чего вернулась к журналистике и работала в этом качестве в Чикаго и Новом Орлеане. В 1927 году приняла решение перейти в католицизм и приняла крещение, что привело к разрыву отношений с семьёй.

В мае 1933 года стала одним из основателей журнала «Католический рабочий», вокруг которого сформировалось Движение католических рабочих. Активно писала для этого журнала о проблемах бедности, участвовала в создании приютов для бездомных, первый из которых основала в собственной квартире; к 1936 году существовало уже более 30 таких домов, и за свою деятельность в этом направлении Дэй в 1971 году получила международную премию Pacem in Terris.

В 1971—1973 годах активно участвовала в протестах против войны во Вьетнаме, в результате чего несколько раз была арестована. Во время проведения Второго Ватиканского собора возглавила группу объявивших голодовку женщин, требовавших от Собора осуждения войны как таковой.

Современная Католическая церковь пока не решила вопрос о её канонизации или беатификации, но после смерти она была удостоена статуса Слуги Божьего.

Цитаты Дэй, Дороти

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„The absolutist begins a work, others take it up and try to spread it. Our problems stem from our acceptance of this filthy, rotten system.“

— Dorothy Day
Context: What I want to bring out is how a pebble cast into a pond causes ripples that spread in all directions. And each one of our thoughts, words and deeds is like that. Going to jail for distributing leaflets advocating war tax refusal causes a ripple of thought, of conscience among us all. And of remembrance too. …. There may be ever improving standards of living in the U. S., with every worker eventually owning his own home and driving his own car; but our modern economy is based on preparation for war. … The absolutist begins a work, others take it up and try to spread it. Our problems stem from our acceptance of this filthy, rotten system. As quoted in Women on War : Essential Voices for the Nuclear Age (1988), by Daniela Gioseffi, p. 103 Variant: A pebble cast into a pond causes ripples that spread in all directions. Each one of our thoughts, words and deeds is like that. No one has a right to sit down and feel hopeless. There's too much work to do. As quoted in Singing the Living Tradition (1993) by the Unitarian Universalist Association, p. 560

„We have all known the long loneliness and we have learned that the only solution is love and that love comes with community.“

— Dorothy Day, The Long Loneliness: The Autobiography of the Legendary Catholic Social Activist
The Long Loneliness (1952), p. 286

„For some weeks now my problem is this: What to do about the open immorality (and of course I mean sexual morality) in our midst.“

— Dorothy Day
Context: For some weeks now my problem is this: What to do about the open immorality (and of course I mean sexual morality) in our midst. It is like the last times--there is nothing hidden that shall not be revealed.... We have one young [prostitute], drunken, promiscuous, pretty as a picture, college educated, mischievous, able to talk her way out of any situation--so far. She comes to us when she is drunk and beaten and hungry and cold and when she is taken in, she is liable to crawl into the bed of any man on the place. We do not know how many she has slept with on the farm. What to do? What to do? 26 June 1971

„A Jewish convert said to me once, "The Communists hate God, and the Catholics love Him. But they are both facing Him, directing their attention to Him. They are not indifferent.“

— Dorothy Day
Context: A Jewish convert said to me once, "The Communists hate God, and the Catholics love Him. But they are both facing Him, directing their attention to Him. They are not indifferent. Communists are not in so bad a case as those who are indifferent. It is the lukewarm that He will spew out of His mouth." From Union Square to Rome (1938)

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„I could only say that I believe in the Roman Catholic Church and all she teaches. I have accepted Her authority with my whole heart. At the same time I want to point out to you that we are taught to pray for final perseverance. We are taught that faith is a gift, and sometimes I wonder why some have it and some do not. I feel my own unworthiness and can never be grateful enough to God for His gift of faith.“

— Dorothy Day
Context: I had a conversation with John Spivak, the Communist writer, a few years ago, and he said to me, "How can you believe? How can you believe in the Immaculate Conception, in the Virgin birth, in the Resurrection?" I could only say that I believe in the Roman Catholic Church and all she teaches. I have accepted Her authority with my whole heart. At the same time I want to point out to you that we are taught to pray for final perseverance. We are taught that faith is a gift, and sometimes I wonder why some have it and some do not. I feel my own unworthiness and can never be grateful enough to God for His gift of faith. St. Paul tells us that if we do not correspond to the graces we receive, they will be withdrawn. So I believe also that we should walk in fear, "work out our salvation in fear and trembling." From Union Square to Rome (1938), pp. 144-45

„I was always much impressed, in reading prison memoirs of revolutionists, such as Lenin and Trotsky … by the amount of reading they did, the languages they studied, the range of their plans for a better social order. (Or rather, for a new social order.)“

— Dorothy Day
Context: I was always much impressed, in reading prison memoirs of revolutionists, such as Lenin and Trotsky … by the amount of reading they did, the languages they studied, the range of their plans for a better social order. (Or rather, for a new social order.) In the Acts of the Apostles there are constant references to the Way and the New Man. "On Pilgrimage," Catholic Worker (December 1968)

„We must make a start. We must renounce war as an instrument of policy.... Even as I speak to you I may be guilty of what some men call treason.... You young men should refuse to take up arms. Young women tear down the patriotic posters. And all of you — young and old — put away your flags.“

— Dorothy Day
Context: There is now all this patriotic indignation about the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and Japanese expansionism in Asia. Yet not a word about American and European expansionism in the same area.... We must make a start. We must renounce war as an instrument of policy.... Even as I speak to you I may be guilty of what some men call treason.... You young men should refuse to take up arms. Young women tear down the patriotic posters. And all of you — young and old — put away your flags. Speech to Liberal-Socialist Alliance, New York City (8 December 1941), as quoted in From Megaphones to Microphones (2003) by Sandra J. Sarkela et al.

„The attraction is strong, because both men literally laid down their lives for their brothers. "Greater love hath no man than this." "Let me say, at the risk of seeming ridiculous, that the true revolutionary is guided by great feelings of love." Che Guevara wrote this,“

— Dorothy Day
Context: "What do you mean by anarchist-pacifist?" First, I would say that the two words should go together, especially … when more and more people, even priests, are turning to violence, and are finding their heroes in Camillo Torres among the priests, and Che Guevara among laymen. The attraction is strong, because both men literally laid down their lives for their brothers. "Greater love hath no man than this." "Let me say, at the risk of seeming ridiculous, that the true revolutionary is guided by great feelings of love." Che Guevara wrote this, and he is quoted by Chicano youth in El Grito Del Norte. "On Pilgrimage — Our Spring Appeal," Catholic Worker (May 1970)

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„What I want to bring out is how a pebble cast into a pond causes ripples that spread in all directions. And each one of our thoughts, words and deeds is like that.“

— Dorothy Day
Context: What I want to bring out is how a pebble cast into a pond causes ripples that spread in all directions. And each one of our thoughts, words and deeds is like that. Going to jail for distributing leaflets advocating war tax refusal causes a ripple of thought, of conscience among us all. And of remembrance too. …. There may be ever improving standards of living in the U. S., with every worker eventually owning his own home and driving his own car; but our modern economy is based on preparation for war. … The absolutist begins a work, others take it up and try to spread it. Our problems stem from our acceptance of this filthy, rotten system. As quoted in Women on War : Essential Voices for the Nuclear Age (1988), by Daniela Gioseffi, p. 103 Variant: A pebble cast into a pond causes ripples that spread in all directions. Each one of our thoughts, words and deeds is like that. No one has a right to sit down and feel hopeless. There's too much work to do. As quoted in Singing the Living Tradition (1993) by the Unitarian Universalist Association, p. 560

„It is the lukewarm that He will spew out of His mouth."“

— Dorothy Day
Context: A Jewish convert said to me once, "The Communists hate God, and the Catholics love Him. But they are both facing Him, directing their attention to Him. They are not indifferent. Communists are not in so bad a case as those who are indifferent. It is the lukewarm that He will spew out of His mouth." From Union Square to Rome (1938)

„The cross is there, of course, but "in the cross is joy of spirit." And love makes all things easy.“

— Dorothy Day
Context: We are not expecting Utopia here on this earth. But God meant things to be much easier than we have made them. A man has a natural right to food, clothing, and shelter. A certain amount of goods is necessary to lead a good life. A family needs work as well as bread. Property is proper to man. We must keep repeating these things. Eternal life begins now. "All the way to heaven is heaven, because He said, "I am the Way." The cross is there, of course, but "in the cross is joy of spirit." And love makes all things easy. On Pilgrimage (1948)

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