Эрик Кандел цитаты

Эрик Кандел фото
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Эрик Кандел

Дата рождения: 7. Ноябрь 1929

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Э́рик Ри́чард Ка́ндел — американский психиатр, нейробиолог и профессор биохимии . Награждён в 2000 году Нобелевской премией по физиологии или медицине за открытия, касающиеся передачи сигналов в нервной системе, совместно с Полом Грингардом и Арвидом Карлссоном.В англоязычной транскрипции фамилия Kandel читается как Кендэл . Учитывая происхождение Эрика Кендэла из австрийской еврейской семьи, в русскоязычной литературе зачастую его фамилия переводится как Кандель.

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Цитаты Эрик Кандел

„What strategy does the brain use to read itself out?“

—  Eric R. Kandel
In Search of Memory (2006), Context: What strategy does the brain use to read itself out? That question, which is central to the unitary nature of conscious experience, remains one of the many unresolved mysteries of the new science of mind.

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„The remarkable insight that characterized Klimt's later work was contemporaneous with Freud's psychological studies and presaged the inward turn that would pervade all fields of inquiry“

—  Eric R. Kandel
The Age of Insight (2012), Context: The remarkable insight that characterized Klimt's later work was contemporaneous with Freud's psychological studies and presaged the inward turn that would pervade all fields of inquiry in Vienna in 1900. This period... was characterized by the attempt to make a sharp break with the past and to explore new forms of expression in art, architecture, psychology, literature, and music. It spawned an ongoing pursuit to link these disciplines.

„The life of a biological scientist in the United States is a life of discussion and debate—it is the Talmudic tradition writ large.“

—  Eric R. Kandel
In Search of Memory (2006), Context: The life of a biological scientist in the United States is a life of discussion and debate—it is the Talmudic tradition writ large.... The egalitarian structure of American science encourages this camaraderie.... this would not—could not—have taken place in the Austria, the Germany, the France, or perhaps even the England of 1955.

„The realization that our mental functioning is largely irrational was arrived at by several thinkers at the same time“

—  Eric R. Kandel
The Age of Insight (2012), Context: The realization that our mental functioning is largely irrational was arrived at by several thinkers at the same time, including Friedrich Nietzsche... Freud, who was much influenced by both Darwin and Nietzsche... was its most profound and articulate exponent.... Schnitzler, Klimt, Kokoschka, and Schiele also discovered and explored new aspects of our unconscious mental life. They understood women better than Freud... and they saw more clearly than Freud the importance of an infant's bonding to its mother. They even realized the significance of the aggressive instinct earlier than Freud did.... Plato discussed unconscious knowledge... pointing out that much of our knowledge is inherent in the psyche in latent form.... Hermann von Helmholtz... advanced the idea that the unconscious plays a critical role in human visual perception.

„Unlike vision, touch, or smell, which are prewired and based on Kantian a priori knowledge, the spatial map presents us with a new type of representation, one based on a combination of a priori knowledge and learning.“

—  Eric R. Kandel
In Search of Memory (2006), Context: Unlike vision, touch, or smell, which are prewired and based on Kantian a priori knowledge, the spatial map presents us with a new type of representation, one based on a combination of a priori knowledge and learning. The general capability for forming spatial maps is built into the mind, but the particular map is not. Unlike neurons in a sensory system, place cells are not switched on by sensory stimulation. Their collective activity represents the location where the animal thinks it is.

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„I outline in simple terms… our current understanding of the cognitive psychological and neurobiological basis of perception, memory, emotion, empathy, and creativity. …the principles of the viewer's response to art are applicable to all periods of painting.“

—  Eric R. Kandel
The Age of Insight (2012), Context: I outline in simple terms... our current understanding of the cognitive psychological and neurobiological basis of perception, memory, emotion, empathy, and creativity.... the principles of the viewer's response to art are applicable to all periods of painting.

„Klimt sought newer truths that could not be captured by the camera. He… turned the artists view inward“

—  Eric R. Kandel
The Age of Insight (2012), Context: Like other modern artists faced with the advent of the photography, Klimt sought newer truths that could not be captured by the camera. He... turned the artists view inward—away from the three-dimensional outside world and toward the multidimensional inner self and the unconscious mind.

„Libet could predict what a person would do before the person was actually aware of having decided to do it.“

—  Eric R. Kandel
In Search of Memory (2006), Context: By merely observing the electrical activity in the brain, Libet could predict what a person would do before the person was actually aware of having decided to do it. This finding caused philosophers of mind to ask: If the choice is determined in the brain before we decide to act, where is free will?... choice in action, as in perception, may reflect the importance of unconscious inference. Libet proposes that... just before the action is initiated, consciousness is recruited to approve or veto the action.

„It spawned an ongoing pursuit to link these disciplines.“

—  Eric R. Kandel
The Age of Insight (2012), Context: The remarkable insight that characterized Klimt's later work was contemporaneous with Freud's psychological studies and presaged the inward turn that would pervade all fields of inquiry in Vienna in 1900. This period... was characterized by the attempt to make a sharp break with the past and to explore new forms of expression in art, architecture, psychology, literature, and music. It spawned an ongoing pursuit to link these disciplines.

„I owe my existence in the United States to the generosity of the Viennese Kultusgemeinde.“

—  Eric R. Kandel
In Search of Memory (2006), Context: The Viennese Kultusgemeinde... was going bankrupt... European governments typically compensate Jewish agencies... but the Austrian government's compensation was not adequate.... I owe my existence in the United States to the generosity of the Viennese Kultusgemeinde.

„Birds in which spatial memory is particularly important“

—  Eric R. Kandel
In Search of Memory (2006), Context: Birds in which spatial memory is particularly important—those that store food at a large number of sites, for example—have larger hippocampuses than other birds.... London taxi drivers have a larger hippocampus than others the same age.... the size of their hippocampus continues to increase with time on the job.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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