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Робинсон Джефферс

Дата рождения: 10. Январь 1887
Дата смерти: 20. Январь 1962

Робинсон Джефферс — американский поэт, драматург и натурфилософ. В США при жизни был назван «величайшим поэтом XX века» и считался символом энвайронментализма.

Антибуржуазная поэзия Джефферса в 1950-е — 1960-е годы стала популярной среди леворадикальной молодежи, многие идеи его творчества стали созвучными с идеями программы битников.

На русском языке произведения Джефферса печатались в переводах А. Головко, И. Елагина, М. Зенкевича, А. Сергеева.

„Да, смерть склюёт нас всех; но умереть,
Успев создать кой-что подолговечней,
Чем плоть и кровь, не значит ли лишь сбросить
С себя всё слабое? Вот горы — мёртвый камень -
Нас могут чаровать иль возмущать
Своей красой и дерзким равнодушием,
Но мы не в силах лестью иль хулой
Влиять на них. Как и на мысли мёртвых.“
из биографии Кристофера МакКэндлесса: "В августе, 12 числа, Маккендлесс сделал свою, предположительно, последнюю запись в дневнике: «Прекрасная Голубика.» («Beautiful Blueberries.») Он вырвал страницу из мемуаров Луиса Ламура, Просвещение странствующего человека, содержащую отрывок стихотворения Робинсона Джефферса «Мудрые люди в их тяжкие часы» («Wise Men in Their Bad Hours»)".

„The tides are in our veins, we still mirror the stars, life is your child, but there is in me
Older and harder than life and more impartial, the eye that watched before there was an ocean.“

„The heads of strong old age are beautiful / Beyond all grace of youth“

„I've changed my ways a little, I cannot now
Run with you in the evenings along the shore,
Except in a kind of dream, and you, if you dream a moment,
You see me there.“

„The greatest beauty is organic wholeness, the wholeness of life and things, the divine beauty of the universe.“

„Does it matter whether you hate yourself? At least love your eyes that can see, your mind that can hear the music, the thunder of the wings.“

„As for me, I would rather be a worm in a wild apple than a son of man. But we are what we are, and we might remember not to hate any person, for all are vicious; And not to be astonished at any evil, all are deserved; And not to fear death; it is the only way to be cleansed.“ Selected Poems

„Nature knows that people are a tide that swells and in time will ebb, and all their works dissolve... As for us: We must uncenter our minds from ourselves. We must unhumanize our views a little and become confident as the rock and ocean that we are made from.“

„A little too abstract, a little too wise,
It is time for us to kiss the earth again,
It is time to let the leaves rain from the skies,
Let the rich life run to the roots again.“
The Selected Poetry

„What is this thing called life? I believe
That the earth and the stars too, and the whole glittering universe, and rocks on the mountains have life,
Only we do not call it so--I speak of the life
That oxidizes fats and proteins and carbo-
Hydrates to live on, and from that chemical energy
Makes pleasure and pain, wonder, love, adoration, hatred and terror: how do these things grow
From a chemical reaction?
I think they were here already, I think the rocks
And the earth and the other planets, and the stars and the galaxies
have their various consciousness, all things are conscious;
But the nerves of an animal, the nerves and brain
Bring it to focus; the nerves and brain are like a burning-glass
To concentrate the heat and make it catch fire:
It seems to us martyrs hotter than the blazing hearth
From which it came. So we scream and laugh, clamorous animals
Born howling to die groaning: the old stones in the dooryard
Prefer silence; but those and all things have their own awareness,
As the cells of a man have; they feel and feed and influence each other, each unto all,
Like the cells of a man's body making one being,
They make one being, one consciousness, one life, one God.“
The Selected Poetry

„Justice and mercy/ Are human dreams, they do not concern the birds nor the fish nor eternal God.“

„We must uncenter our minds from ourselves; We must unhmanize our views a little, and become confident As the rock and ocean that we were made from.“

„While this America settles in the mould of its vulgarity,
heavily thickening to empire, I
And protest, only a bubble in the molten mass, pops
and sighs out, and the mass hardens,

I sadly smiling remember that the flower fades to make
fruit, the fruit rots to make earth.
Qut of the mother; and through the spring exultances,
ripeness and decadence; and home to the mother.

You making haste haste on decay: not blameworthy; life
is good, be it stubbornly long or suddenly
A mortal splendor: meteors are not needed less than
mountains: shine, perishing republic.

But for my children. I would have them keep their dis-
tance from the thickening center; corruption.
Never has been compulsory, when the cities lie at the
monster’s feet there are left the mountajns.

And boys, be in nothing so moderate as in love of man,
a clever servant, insufferable master.
There is the trap that catches noblest spirits, that caught
-–they say--God, when he walked on earth.“
Selected Poems

is the start of the race; I say
Humanity is the mould to break away from, the crust to
break through, the coal to break into fire,
The atom to be split.“
Selected Poems

„I have heard the summer dust crying to be born.“

„That public men publish falsehoods
Is nothing new. That America must accept
Like the historical republics corruption and empire
Has been known for years.

Be angry at the sun for setting
If these things anger you. Watch the wheel slope and tum.
They are all bound on the wheel, these people, those warriors,
This republic, Europe, Asia.

Observe them gesticulating,
Observe them going down. The gang serves lies, the passionate
Man plays his part; the cold passion for truth
Hunts in no pack.

You are not CatulIus, you know,
To lampoon these crude sketches of Caesar. You are far
From Dante’s feet, but even farther from his dirty
Political hatredS.

Let boys want pleasure, and men
Struggle for power, and women perhaps for fame,
And the servile to serve a Leader and the dupes to be duped.
Yours is not theirs.“
Selected Poems

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