Давид Рикардо цитаты

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Давид Рикардо

Дата рождения: 18. Апрель 1772
Дата смерти: 11. Сентябрь 1823

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Дави́д Рика́рдо — английский экономист, классик политической экономии, последователь и одновременно оппонент Адама Смита, выявил закономерную в условиях свободной конкуренции тенденцию нормы прибыли к понижению, разработал законченную теорию о формах земельной ренты. Развил идеи Адама Смита о том, что стоимость товаров определяется количеством труда, необходимого для их производства, и разработал теорию распределения, объясняющую, как эта стоимость распределяется между различными классами общества.

Цитаты Давид Рикардо

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„Under a system of perfectly free commerce, each country naturally devotes its capital and labour to such employments as are most beneficial to each.“

— David Ricardo
Context: Under a system of perfectly free commerce, each country naturally devotes its capital and labour to such employments as are most beneficial to each. This pursuit of individual advantage is admirably connected with the universal good of the whole. By stimulating industry, by rewarding ingenuity, and by using most efficaciously the peculiar powers bestowed by nature, it distributes labour most effectively and most economically: while, by increasing the general mass of productions, it diffuses general benefit, and binds together, by one common tie of interest and intercourse, the universal society of nations throughout the civilized world. Chapter VII, On Foreign Trade, p. 81 (See also.. Karl Marx, Das Kapital,(Buch II), Chapter XX, p. 474)

„I am told that I adopt new and unusual language, not reconcilable with the true principals of the science. To me it appears that the unusual and, indeed, inconsistent language is that used by my opponents.“

— David Ricardo
Context: If I have to hire a labourer for a week, and instead of ten shillings I pay him eight, no variation having taken place in the value of money, the labourer can probably obtain more food and necessaries with his eight shillings than he before obtained for ten: but this is owing, not to a rise in the real value of his wages, as stated by Adam Smith, and more recently by Mr. Malthus, but to a fall in the value of the things on which his wages are expended, things perfectly distinct; and yet for calling this a fall in the real value of wages, I am told that I adopt new and unusual language, not reconcilable with the true principals of the science. To me it appears that the unusual and, indeed, inconsistent language is that used by my opponents. Chapter I, Section I, On Value, p. 11

„Sufficiently rich to satisfy all my desires and the reasonable desires of all those about me.“

— David Ricardo
Letter to James Mill, 1815, quoted in [http://homepage.newschool.edu/het//profiles/ricardo.htm Newschool biography]

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