Невилл Чемберлен цитаты

Невилл Чемберлен фото
2   0

Невилл Чемберлен

Дата рождения: 18. Март 1869
Дата смерти: 9. Ноябрь 1940
Другие имена:Arthur Neville Chamberlain

Реклама

Артур Невилл Чемберлен — государственный деятель Великобритании, лидер Консервативной партии .

Сын Джозефа Чемберлена, брат Остина Чемберлена. Обучался в элитной школе в Рагби и Бирмингемском Университете. Довольно продолжительное время посвятил предпринимательской деятельности. В 1915-1916 гг. занимал пост лорда-мэра города Бирмингем. В 1918 году избран в парламент. В 1923 году, а также с ноября 1924 по июнь 1929 года министр здравоохранения . В 1923-1924 и 1931-1937 гг. Канцлер казначейства.

60-й Премьер-министр Великобритании 1937—1940. Сторонник политики умиротворения агрессора. В 1938 году подписал Мюнхенское соглашение с Гитлером, Муссолини и Даладье. Вернувшись в Лондон, Чемберлен предъявил публике на аэродроме подписанное соглашение со словами: «Я привёз вам мир». Уже в следующем году стало ясно, что политика умиротворения не принесла Европе мира: началась Вторая мировая война.

Чемберлен объявил войну Гитлеру 3 сентября 1939 года и несколько месяцев был премьер-министром воюющей страны. Под его руководством проходила так называемая Странная война. В следующем году у него возникли политические разногласия с лейбористами, под влиянием которых Чемберлен 10 мая 1940 года покинул пост премьер-министра, уступив его Уинстону Черчиллю, стороннику бескомпромиссной борьбы с Гитлером.

Несколько месяцев Чемберлен все-таки входил в состав кабинета министров в качестве лорда-председателя Тайного совета, и даже вел его заседания, когда Черчилля не было на месте. Но резкое ухудшение здоровья заставило его окончательно выйти в отставку.

В том же году экс-премьер скончался от рака кишечника, который у него обнаружили лишь в терминальной стадии. Последние месяцы жил в своем поместье, расположенном в Хайтфилд-парке.

Подобные авторы

Бенджамин Дизраэли фото
Бенджамин Дизраэли80
английский государственный деятель Консервативной партии ...
Роберт Солсбери фото
Роберт Солсбери1
британский государственный деятель из рода Сесилов, 44-й,...
Гордон Браун фото
Гордон Браун5
британский (шотландский) политик, 74-й Премьер-министр Ве...
Маргарет Тэтчер фото
Маргарет Тэтчер46
британский политик, премьер-министр Великобритании (1979-...
Уинстон Черчилль фото
Уинстон Черчилль220
британский государственный и политический деятель, военны...
Реджеп Тайип Эрдоган фото
Реджеп Тайип Эрдоган9
турецкий политический и государственный деятель

Цитаты Невилл Чемберлен

„Господа, я привез мир для нашего поколения.“

—  Невилл Чемберлен
после подписания Мюнхенского соглашения с Гитлером в 1938 году, за несколько месяцев до начала Второй мировой войны

Реклама

„It is evil things that we will be fighting against—brute force, bad faith, injustice, oppression and persecution—and against them I am certain that the right will prevail.“

—  Neville Chamberlain
Context: This morning the British Ambassador in Berlin handed the German Government a final note, stating that, unless we heard from them by 11 o'clock that they were prepared at once to withdraw their troops from Poland, a state of war would exist between us. I have to tell you now that no such undertaking has been received and that consequently this country is at war with Germany. … It is evil things that we will be fighting against— brute force, bad faith, injustice, oppression and persecution— and against them I am certain that the right will prevail. Broadcast from the Cabinet Rooms at 10 Downing Street (3 September 1939)

„We are not sufficiently advanced to reveal our ideas to the public, but of course we cannot deny the general charge of rearmament and no doubt if we try to keep our ideas secret till after the election, we should either fail, or if we succeeded, lay ourselves open to the far more damaging accusation that we had deliberately deceived the people...I have therefore suggested that we should take the bold course of actually appealing to the country on a defence programme, thus turning the Labour party's dishonest weapon into a boomerang.“

—  Neville Chamberlain
Context: The Labour Party, obviously intends to fasten upon our backs the accusation of being 'warmongers' and they are suggesting that we have 'hush hush' plans for rearmament which we are concealing from the people. As a matter of fact we are working on plans for rearmament at an early date for the situation in Europe is most alarming... We are not sufficiently advanced to reveal our ideas to the public, but of course we cannot deny the general charge of rearmament and no doubt if we try to keep our ideas secret till after the election, we should either fail, or if we succeeded, lay ourselves open to the far more damaging accusation that we had deliberately deceived the people... I have therefore suggested that we should take the bold course of actually appealing to the country on a defence programme, thus turning the Labour party's dishonest weapon into a boomerang. Diary entry (2 August 1935), quoted in Maurice Cowling, The Impact of Hitler. British Politics and British Policy. 1933-1940 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975), p. 92.

„He could have dealt France and ourselves a terrible, perhaps a mortal, blow then. The opportunity will not recur.“

—  Neville Chamberlain
Context: I stick to the view I have always held that Hitler missed the bus in September 1938. He could have dealt France and ourselves a terrible, perhaps a mortal, blow then. The opportunity will not recur. Letter to Hilda Chamberlain (30 December 1939), quoted in Maurice Cowling, The Impact of Hitler. British Politics and British Policy. 1933-1940 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975), p. 355.

„We regard the agreement signed last night and the Anglo-German Naval Agreement, as symbolic of the desire of our two peoples never to go to war with one another again.“

—  Neville Chamberlain
Context: This morning I had another talk with the German Chancellor, Herr Hitler, and here is the paper which bears his name upon it as well as mine.... We regard the agreement signed last night and the Anglo-German Naval Agreement, as symbolic of the desire of our two peoples never to go to war with one another again. Speech at Heston Airport (30 September 1938), quoted in The Times (1 October 1938) Oxford Book of Modern Quotes http://hudsoncress.org/html/library/dictionaries/The%20Oxford%20Dictionary%20of%20Modern%20Quotations.pdf(pdf)

„I am myself a man of peace to the depths of my soul. Armed conflict between nations is a nightmare to me; but if I were convinced that any nation had made up its mind to dominate the world by fear of its force, I should feel that it must be resisted.“

—  Neville Chamberlain
Context: I would not hesitate to pay even a third visit to Germany, if I thought it would do any good... I am myself a man of peace to the depths of my soul. Armed conflict between nations is a nightmare to me; but if I were convinced that any nation had made up its mind to dominate the world by fear of its force, I should feel that it must be resisted. Under such a domination, life for people who believe in liberty would not be worth living: but war is a fearful thing, and we must be very clear, before we embark on it, that it is really the great issues that are at stake. Broadcast (27 September 1938), quoted in Keith Feiling, Neville Chamberlain (London: Macmillan, 1946), p. 372.

Реклама
Реклама

„Mussolini... hoped Herr Hitler would see his way to postpone action [against Czechoslovakia] which the Chancellor had told Sir Horace Wilson was to be taken at 2 p. m. to-day for at least 24 hours so as to allow Signor Mussolini time to re-examine the situation and endeavour to find a peaceful settlement. In response, Herr Hitler has agreed to postpone mobilisation for 24 hours. Whatever views hon. Members may have had about Signor Mussolini in the past, I believe that everyone will welcome his gesture of being willing to work with us for peace in Europe. That is not all. I have something further to say to the House yet. I have now been informed by Herr Hitler that he invites me to meet him at Munich to-morrow morning. He has also invited Signor Mussolini and M. Daladier. Signor Mussolini has accepted and I have no doubt M. Daladier will also accept. I need not say what my answer will be. [An HON. MEMBER: "Thank God for the Prime Minister!"] We are all patriots, and there can be no hon. Member of this House who did not feel his heart leap that the crisis has been once more postponed to give us once more an opportunity to try what reason and good will and discussion will do to settle a problem which is already within sight of settlement. Mr. Speaker, I cannot say any more. I am sure that the House will be ready to release me now to go and see what I can make of this last effort. Perhaps they may think it will be well, in view of this new development, that this Debate shall stand adjourned for a few days, when perhaps we may meet in happier circumstances.“

—  Neville Chamberlain
Speech http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1938/sep/28/prime-ministers-statement in the House of Commons (28 September 1938). Chamberlain received Hitler's invitation to Munich as he was ending his speech.

Далее
Сегодня годовщина
Гейнц Гудериан фото
Гейнц Гудериан1
генерал-полковник армии нацистской Германии 1888 - 1954
Джозеф Аддисон фото
Джозеф Аддисон47
публицист, драматург, эстетик, политик и поэт 1672 - 1719
Другие 60 годовщин
Подобные авторы
Бенджамин Дизраэли фото
Бенджамин Дизраэли80
английский государственный деятель Консервативной партии ...
Роберт Солсбери фото
Роберт Солсбери1
британский государственный деятель из рода Сесилов, 44-й,...
Гордон Браун фото
Гордон Браун5
британский (шотландский) политик, 74-й Премьер-министр Ве...
Маргарет Тэтчер фото
Маргарет Тэтчер46
британский политик, премьер-министр Великобритании (1979-...