Ноам Хомский цитаты

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Ноам Хомский

Дата рождения: 7. Декабрь 1928
Другие имена:Ноам Чомский,Avram Noam Chomsky

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Аврам Ноам Хомский — американский лингвист, политический публицист, философ и теоретик. Профессор лингвистики Массачусетского технологического института, автор классификации формальных языков, называемой иерархией Хомского. Его работы о порождающих грамматиках внесли значительный вклад в упадок бихевиоризма и содействовали развитию когнитивных наук. Помимо лингвистических работ, Хомский широко известен своими радикально-левыми политическими взглядами, а также критикой внешней политики правительства США. Сам Хомский называет себя либертарным социалистом и сторонником анархо-синдикализма.

«Нью-Йорк таймс Бук Ревью» однажды написала: «Если судить по энергии, размаху, новизне и влиянию его идей, Ноам Хомский — возможно, самый важный из живущих сегодня интеллектуалов» . По данным «Arts and Humanities Citation Index», между 1980 и 1992 годами Хомский был самым цитируемым из живущих учёных и восьмым по частоте использования источником для цитат вообще.

Цитаты Ноам Хомский

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„If we don't believe in free expression for people we despise, we don't believe in it at all.“

— Noam Chomsky
Noam Chomsky in interview by John Pilger on BBC's The Late Show, November 25, 1992 [http://jmm.aaa.net.au/articles/14177.htm].

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„The sign of a truly totalitarian culture is that important truths simply lack cognitive meaning“

— Noam Chomsky
Context: The sign of a truly totalitarian culture is that important truths simply lack cognitive meaning and are interpretable only at the level of "Fuck You", so they can then elicit a perfectly predictable torrent of abuse in response. We've long ago reached that level. letter to Alexander Cockburn (1 March 1990), later paraphrased in Deterring Democracy (1992) p. 345.

„Virtually the entire dynamic economy in the United States is based crucially on state initiative and intervention“

— Noam Chomsky
Context: I should say that when people talk about capitalism it's a bit of a joke. There's no such thing. No country, no business class, has ever been willing to subject itself to the free market, free market discipline. Free markets are for others. Like, the Third World is the Third World because they had free markets rammed down their throat. Meanwhile, the enlightened states, England, the United States, others, resorted to massive state intervention to protect private power, and still do. That's right up to the present. I mean, the Reagan administration for example was the most protectionist in post-war American history. Virtually the entire dynamic economy in the United States is based crucially on state initiative and intervention: computers, the internet, telecommunication, automation, pharmaceutical, you just name it. Run through it, and you find massive ripoffs of the public, meaning, a system in which under one guise or another the public pays the costs and takes the risks, and profit is privatized. That's very remote from a free market. Free market is like what India had to suffer for a couple hundred years, and most of the rest of the Third World.

„The information they get comes from ideological fanatics, typically, who always misunderstand things in their own crazy way.“

— Noam Chomsky
Context: If any of you have ever looked at your FBI file, you discover that intelligence agencies in general are extremely incompetent. That's one of the reasons why there are so many intelligence failures. They just never get anything straight, for all kinds of reasons. Part of it is because of the information they get. The information they get comes from ideological fanatics, typically, who always misunderstand things in their own crazy way. If you look at an FBI file, say, about yourself, where you know what the facts are, you'll see that the information has some kind of relation to the facts, you can figure out what they're talking about, but by the time it works its way through the ideological fanaticism of the intelligence agencies, there's always weird distortion. Q&A with community activists, February 10, 1989.

„The president is not the first to ask: "Why do they hate us?"“

— Noam Chomsky
Context: September 11 shocked many Americans into an awareness that they had better pay much closer attention to what the US government does in the world and how it is perceived. Many issues have been opened for discussion that were not on the agenda before. That's all to the good. It is also the merest sanity, if we hope to reduce the likelihood of future atrocities. It may be comforting to pretend that our enemies "hate our freedoms," as President Bush stated, but it is hardly wise to ignore the real world, which conveys different lessons. The president is not the first to ask: "Why do they hate us?" In a staff discussion 44 years ago, President Eisenhower described "the campaign of hatred against us [in the Arab world], not by the governments but by the people". His National Security Council outlined the basic reasons: the US supports corrupt and oppressive governments and is "opposing political or economic progress" because of its interest in controlling the oil resources of the region.... What they hate is official policies that deny them freedoms to which they aspire. The Guardian, September 9, 2002 [http://www.chomsky.info/articles/20020909.htm].

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