Тони Бенн цитаты
Дата рождения: 3. Апрель 1925
Дата смерти: 14. Март 2014
Э́нтони Нил Уэ́дгвуд «То́ни» Бенн — британский левый политический деятель, многолетний депутат парламента и член кабинета министров Великобритании, президент политической коалиции Stop the War.
На протяжении своей политической карьеры Тони Бенн сменил несколько министерских постов. В годы правления лейбористов он служил сначала министром почты в 1964—1966 гг. , а затем — министром технологии в 1966—1970 гг. В период, когда Лейбористская партия проиграла выборы и ушла в оппозицию, он с 1971 по 1972 был её председателем. При лейбористском правительстве 1974—1979 возвратился в Кабинет, сначала став министром промышленности , а позже — министром энергетики .
Непревзойдённый оратор и полемист, Бенн придерживался марксистских взглядов и находился на левом фланге Лейбористской партии. Во время нахождения лейбористов в оппозиции в течение 1980-х, даже появился термин «Bennite» , которым стали пользоваться в Великобритании для обозначения кого-то более леворадикального, чем средний английский лейборист или социал-демократ. Согласно историку Альвину В. Тернеру, Бенн «появлялся в течение 1970-х как самый убедительный и харизматический лидер левых в течение двух десятилетий, очаровательный, забавный и страстный, столь же искусный в телевизионной студии, как и на массовых митингах».
Бенн, второй по сроку службы член парламента Англии от Лейбористской партии, и в нескольких опросах до сих пор называется одним из самых популярных политических деятелей в Великобритании. Он был описан как «один из немногих британских политических деятелей, который стал даже более левым после многих лет министерского поста.»После ухода из парламента, Бенн стал в основном заниматься массовой политикой, демонстрациями, митингами и выступлениями в прессе, и все меньше обращать внимания на официальную политику Англии. Тони Бенн активно выступал против участия Великобритании в войнах в Ираке и Афганистане, участвовал в протестах, а также был непримиримым критиком правительства, возглавляемого экс-премьером Тони Блэром. С 1970-х годов практиковал вегетарианство.
Цитаты Тони Бенн
Speech in the House of Commons (20 November 1991) http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1991/nov/20/european-community-intergovernmental during a debate on the Treaty of Maastricht.
Контексте: If democracy is destroyed in Britain it will be not the communists, Trotskyists or subversives but this House which threw it away. The rights that are entrusted to us are not for us to give away. Even if I agree with everything that is proposed, I cannot hand away powers lent to me for five years by the people of Chesterfield. I just could not do it. It would be theft of public rights.
„There is no moral difference between a Stealth bomber and a suicide bomber. They both kill innocent people for political reasons.“
Question Time (22 March 2007).
Контексте: I was born about a quarter of a mile from where we are sitting now and I was here in London during the Blitz. And every night I went down into the shelter. 500 people killed, my brother was killed, my friends were killed. And when the Charter of the UN was read to me, I was a pilot coming home in a troop ship: 'We the peoples of the United Nations determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind.' That was the pledge my generation gave to the younger generation and you tore it up. And it's a war crime that's been committed in Iraq, because there is no moral difference between a stealth bomber and a suicide bomber. Both kill innocent people for political reasons.
Interview with Michael Moore in the movie Sicko (2007).
„The House will forgive me for quoting five democratic questions that I have developed during my life. If one meets a powerful person—Rupert Murdoch, perhaps, or Joe Stalin or Hitler—one can ask five questions: what power do you have; where did you get it; in whose interests do you exercise it; to whom are you accountable; and, how can we get rid of you? Anyone who cannot answer the last of those questions does not live in a democratic system.“
Speech http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm199798/cmhansrd/vo981116/debtext/81116-27.htm#81116-27_spnew6 in the House of Commons (16 November 1998)
„The flag of racialism which has been hoisted in Wolverhampton is beginning to look like the one that fluttered 25 years ago over Dachau and Belsen.“
Speech at Students for a Labour Victory rally, referring to Enoch Powell who was MP for Wolverhampton South West, Methodist Central Hall, London (3 June 1970), as quoted in "Onslaught on Powell by Wedgwood Benn" by Denis Taylor in The Times (4 June 1970), p. 1
„The Labour party believes in the traditional values of society—in the idea that we have responsibilities one to another and that we are not just greedy all the time, looking out only for ourselves. Without being personal, the philosophy that has been propagated over the past 10 years has been wicked and evil…to set man against man, woman against woman and country against country and to build on nationalism and racism…and all the damage that has been done by the Conservatives has been disgraceful…I have a measure called the Margaret Thatcher (Global Repeal) Bill…It would be easy to reverse the policies and replace the personalities—the process has begun—but the rotten values that have been propagated from the platform of political power in Britain during the past 10 years will be an infection—a virulent strain of right-wing capitalist thinking which it will take time to overcome.“
Speech http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1990/nov/22/confidence-in-her-majestys-government in the House of Commons (22 November 1990) on the day Margaret Thatcher announced her intention to resign.
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„It takes powers which are permanent—this is not a temporary provisions Bill—and cover all fuels. I welcome the Bill because it will enable a Labour Government to do all they want under Labour's programme for Britain…It will give us the power to control all the oil companies, all the multi-nationals, to fix their prices and their distribution systems; and under these powers every other fuel and its use, including the chemical industry, will be brought within the control of the Government of the day. This will include road transport and private transport.“
Speech in the House of Commons (26 November 1973) http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1973/nov/26/fuel-and-electricity-bill on the Conservatives' Fuel and Electricity (Control) Bill
„[Men] who would rather go to jail than betray what they believe to be their duty to their fellow workers and the principles which they hold.“
From an issued statement from Mr. Benn on five dockers imprisoned for contempt of court (21 July 1972)
Interview with Michael Moore in the movie Sicko (2007).
„[The Conservatives' Industry Act contains] the most comprehensive armoury of government control that has ever been assembled for use over private industry, far exceeding all the powers thought necessary by the last Labour government…Heath has performed a very important historical role in preparing for the fundamental and irreversible transfer in the balance of power and wealth which has to take place…The whole nature of the mixed economy operating on market forces has been transformed by this quiet revolution in a way that is not yet fully appreciated.“
'Heath's spadework for socialism', The Sunday Times (25 March 1973), p. 61
„When you think of the number of men in the world who hate each other, why, when two men love each other, does the church split?“
On the same-sex marriage controversy in the Church of England.
"Tony Benn: The glorious revolutionary" http://www.journal-online.co.uk/article/3082-tony-benn-the-glorious-revolutionary, The Journal (26 March 2008).
„We have been in recess since July, and during that time there have been a fuel crisis, a Danish no vote, the collapse of the Euro and a war in the middle east, but what is our business tomorrow? The Insolvency Bill [Lords]. It ought be called the Bankruptcy Bill [Commons], because we play no role.“
Speech in the House of Commons (23 October 2000) http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/2000/oct/23/election-of-speaker, cited in Adam Tomkins, "What is Parliament for?" in Bamforth N. and Leyland P. (eds.), Public Law in a Multi-Layered Constitution, Oxford, Hart, 2003, p. 53.
„Britain's continuing membership of the Community would mean the end of Britain as a completely self-governing nation and the end of our democratically elected Parliament as the supreme law making body in the United Kingdom.“
Letter to Bristol constituents (29 December 1974), reprinted in Tony Benn, 'The Common Market: Loss of Self-Government', in M. Holmes (ed.), The Eurosceptical Reader (Springer, 2016), p. 38
„It would be inconceivable for the House to adjourn for Easter without recording the fact that last Friday the High Court disallowed an Act which was passed by this House and the House of Lords and received Royal Assent — the Merchant Shipping Act 1988. The High Court referred the case to the European Court…I want to make it clear to the House that we are absolutely impotent unless we repeal Section 2 of the European Communities Act. It is no good talking about being a good European. We are all good Europeans; that is a matter of geography and not a matter of sentiment. Are the arrangements under which we are governed such that we have broken the link between the electorate and the laws under which they are governed? I am an old parliamentary hand — perhaps I have been here too long — but I was brought up to believe, and I still believe, that when people vote in an election they must be entitled to know that the party for which they vote, if it has a majority, will be able to enact laws under which they will be governed. That is no longer true. Any party elected, whether it is the Conservative party or the Labour party can no longer say to the electorate, "Vote for me and if I have a majority I shall pass that law", because if that law is contrary to Common Market law, British judges will apply Common Market law.“
Speech in the House of Commons (13 March 1989) http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1989/mar/13/adjournment-easter-and-monday-1-may on the Factortame case
„He has a deep contempt for Britain, the British people and parliamentary democracy. He is trying to climb back to power via the Treaty of Rome, and put Britain under government from Brussels for ever. In 1970 Mr Heath solemnly promised that he would not take Britain into the Common Market without the full-hearted consent of the British people. He broke his pledged word then, and he now says he will not accept a 'No' vote on Thursday. Heath promised more jobs and higher living standards inside the EEC. These promises were all broken, and he now tells us we are so poor we cannot come out; beggars can't be choosers. That is false, too. Heath's leadership has been a total disaster for the British people. The Tory Party threw him out.“
Speech at an anti-EEC rally (3 June 1975), quoted in 'Heath attack by Mr Benn', The Times (4 June 1975), p. 6