Уильям Оккам цитаты

Уильям Оккам фото
11  2

Уильям Оккам

Дата рождения: 1287
Дата смерти: 10. Апрель 1347
Другие имена:Wilhelm von Occam

Реклама

Уи́льям О́ккам — английский философ, францисканский монах из Оккама, маленькой деревни в графстве Суррей в Южной Англии. Сторонник номинализма, считал, что существует только индивидуальное, а универсалии существуют только благодаря абстрактному мышлению в человеческом уме, а помимо этого не обладают никакой метафизической сущностью. Считается одним из отцов современной эпистемологии и современной философии в целом, а также одним из величайших логиков всех времён.

Подобные авторы

 Бонавентура фото
Бонавентура2
средневековый теолог, францисканский схоласт, генерал фра...
Евагрий Понтийский фото
Евагрий Понтийский6
христианский богослов, византийский философ, монах
Мор, Генри фото
Мор, Генри
британский философ

Цитаты Уильям Оккам

Реклама
Реклама
Реклама

„You see that I have set out opposing assertions in response to your question and I have touched on quite strong arguments in support of each position. Therefore consider now which seems the more probable to you.“

— William of Ockham
Context: The Holy Spirit through blessed John the evangelist makes a terrible threat against those who add anything to or take anything from divine scripture when he says in the last chapter of Revelations [22:18–9], "If any man shall add to these things, God shall add unto him the plagues which are in this book. And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take his part out of the book of life and out of the holy city, and from these things that are written in this book." We clearly gather from all these that nothing should be added to sacred scripture nor anything removed from it. To decide by way of teaching, therefore, which assertion should be considered catholic, which heretical, chiefly pertains to theologians, the experts on divine scripture. You see that I have set out opposing assertions in response to your question and I have touched on quite strong arguments in support of each position. Therefore consider now which seems the more probable to you. Vol. I, Book 1, Ch. 2.

„Logic is the most useful tool of all the arts. Without it no science can be fully known.“

— William of Ockham
Context: Logic is the most useful tool of all the arts. Without it no science can be fully known. It is not worn out by repeated use, after the manner of material tools, but rather admits of continual growth through the diligent exercise of any other science. For just as a mechanic who lacks a complete knowledge of his tool gains a fuller [knowledge] by using it, so one who is educated in the firm principles of logic, while he painstakingly devotes his labor to the other sciences, acquires at the same time a greater skill at this art. Summa Logicae (c. 1323), Prefatory Letter, as translated by Paul Vincent Spade (1995) http://www.pvspade.com/Logic/docs/ockham.pdf

„The head of Christians does not, as a rule, have power to punish secular wrongs with a capital penalty and other bodily penalties and it is for thus punishing such wrongs that temporal power and riches are chiefly necessary; such punishment is granted chiefly to the secular power.“

— William of Ockham
Context: The head of Christians does not, as a rule, have power to punish secular wrongs with a capital penalty and other bodily penalties and it is for thus punishing such wrongs that temporal power and riches are chiefly necessary; such punishment is granted chiefly to the secular power. The pope therefore, can, as a rule, correct wrongdoers only with a spiritual penalty. It is not, therefore, necessary that he should excel in temporal power or abound in temporal riches, but it is enough that Christians should willingly obey him. "A Letter to the Friars Minor" (1334) as translated in A Letter to the Friars Minor and other Writings (1995) edited by A. S. McGrade and John Kilcullen, p. 204.

Далее
Сегодня годовщина
Юрий Васильевич Яковлев фото
Юрий Васильевич Яковлев2
советский и российский актёр театра и кино 1928 - 2013
Пётр Николаевич Врангель фото
Пётр Николаевич Врангель17
русский военачальник, один из главных руководителей Белог... 1878 - 1928
Борис Андреев фото
Борис Андреев15
советский актёр театра и кино 1915 - 1982
Другие 68 годовщин
Подобные авторы
 Бонавентура фото
Бонавентура2
средневековый теолог, францисканский схоласт, генерал фра...
Евагрий Понтийский фото
Евагрий Понтийский6
христианский богослов, византийский философ, монах
Уинфорд Дьюхерст
британский художник